Factors Affecting Physical Performance with Reference to Heredity

  • V. Klissouras


There is ample evidence that the upper limit of human performance is set by a multiplicity of environmental, psychological and biological factors.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Daniels, J. and N. Oldrigde, 1971, Changes in oxygen consumption of young boys during growth and running training, Med. Sci. Sports, 3: 161PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Ekblom, B., 1969, Effect of physical training in adolescent boys, J. Appl. Physiol., 27: 350.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Eriksson, B.O., 1972, Physical training, oxygen supply and muscle metabolism in 11–13-year old boys, Acta Physiol. Scand., (Suppl. 384 ).Google Scholar
  4. Galton, F., 1889, Natural inheritance, London, 1875, The history of twins as a criterion of the relative powers of nature and nurture, J. Roy. Anthrop., Inst., 5: 391.Google Scholar
  5. Gedda, L., 1960, Sports and Genetics. A study of twins (351 pairs), Acta Genet. Med. Gemellol., 9387.Google Scholar
  6. Goldberg, A.L. and Goodman, H.M., 1969, Amino acid transport during work-induced growth of skeletal muscles, Amer. J. Ph siol., 216: 1111.Google Scholar
  7. Holzinger, K.J., 1929, The relative effect of nature and nurture influences on twin differences, J. Educ. Psychol., 54: 231.Google Scholar
  8. Ikai, M. and Steinhaus, A.H., 1961, Some factors modifying the expression of human strength, J. Appl. Physiol., 16: 157.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Klissouras, V., 1971, Heritability of Adaptive Variation, J. Appl. Physiol., 31: 338.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Klissouras, V., 1972, Genetic limit of functional adaptability, Int. Z. Angew. Physiol., 30: 85.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Klissouras, V., 1976, Prediction of athletic performance: Genetic considerations, Can. J. Appt. Sport Sci., 1: 195.Google Scholar
  12. Klissouras, V., Pirnay, F. and Petit, J.M., 1973, Adaptation to maximal effort: Genetics and age, J. Appl. Physiol., 35: 288.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Klissouras, V. and Marisi, D., 1976, Genetic Basis of individual differences in physical performance, McGill J. Educ., 11: 15.Google Scholar
  14. Kobayashi, K., Kitamure, K., Miura, M., Sodeyama, H., Murase, Y., Miyashita, M. and Matsui, H., 1978, Aerobic power as related to body growth and training in Japanese boys: a longitudinal study, J. Appl. Physiol., 44: 66–72.Google Scholar
  15. Komi, P. and Karlsson, J., 1979, Physical performance, skeletal muscle enzyme activities, and fiber types in monozygous and dizygous twins of both sexes, Acta Physiol. Scanda, (Suppl. 462 ).Google Scholar
  16. Mirwald, R.L. and Bailey, D.A., 1981, Longitudinal comparison of aerobic power in active and inactive boys aged 7–0 to 17–0 years, Ann. Hum. Biol., 8, 5: 405–414.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Parïzkova, J., 1977, Body fat and physical fitness, The Hague, Nijhoff.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Sklad, M., 1975, The genetic determination of the rate of learning of motor skills, Stud. Phys. Anthrop., 1: 3.Google Scholar
  19. Ulbrich, J., 1971, Individual variants of physical fitness in boys from the age of 11 up to maturity and their selection for sports activities, Med. dello Sport, 24: 118.Google Scholar
  20. Vandenberg, S.G., 1962, How stable are heritability estimates 7A comparison of six anthropometric studies, Am. J. Phys. Anthrop. 20: 331.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Venerando, A. and Milani-Comparetti, M., 1970, Twin studies in sport and physical performance, Acta Gen. Med. et Gemell., 19: 8082.Google Scholar
  22. Venerando, A. and Milani-Comparetti, M., 1973, Influenza dell’ereditA sull attitudine ai vagi sport, Med. dello Sport, 26: 347.Google Scholar
  23. Weber, G, Kartodiharjo, W. and Klissouras, V., 1976, Growth and physical training with reference to heredity, J. Appl. Physiol., 40: 211.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Klissouras
    • 1
  1. 1.Montreal and Sports Research InstituteMcGill UniversityAthensGreece

Personalised recommendations