Population Studies: The Cuban National Child Growth Study
The physical growth and development of children has come to be widely recognized as a sensitive indicator of the health and nutrition of a population, and as developing countries with poor nutrition and high infant and preschool mortality rates improve their economic and health standards, cross-sectional population or subpopulation studies carried out every 5 or 10 years become increasingly important in the evaluation of the development of the country and the delivery of health care (Jordan, 1973; Eveleth and Tanner, 1976). The National Health System operating during the last 20 years and interacting closely with the community has achieved important goals, particularly in the area of maternal and child health care.
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