Advertisement

Growth in the 14-Year-Old Children of Mothers Who Smoked during Pregnancy

  • Paula Rantakallio
Chapter

Abstract

The finding by Butler and Goldstein (1973) in a British birth cohort from 1958 that smoking during pregnancy has a retarding effect on the subsequent physical and mental development of the child is well known and is backed up by observations on US populations (Hardy and Mellits, 1972; Wingerd and Schoen, 1974) and a Canadian sample (Dunn, McBurney, Ingram et al., 1976). The numbers of cases in these series are small, however, and the findings lack significance in some instances (Hardy and Mellits, 1972).

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alestalo, M. and Uusitalo, H., 1980, Prestige and stratification. A comparative study on occupational prestige and its determinants, Comment Scient. Socialium, 15: 1–180.Google Scholar
  2. Butler, N.R. and Goldstein, H., 1973, Smoking in pregnancy and subsequent child development, Brit. Med. J., 4: 573–575.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dunn, H.G., McBurney, A.K., Ingram, S. and Hunter, C.M., 1976, Maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy and the child’s subsequent development. I. Physical growth to the age of 6 1/2 years, Canad. J. Publ. Hlth., 67: 499–505.Google Scholar
  4. Hardy, J.B. and Mellits, E.D., 1972, Does maternal smoking during pregnancy have a long-term effect to the child ? Lancet, 23: 1332–1336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Rantakallio, P., 1969, Groups at risk in low birth weight infants and perinatal mortality, Acta Paediat, 193: suppl. 1–71Google Scholar
  6. Rantakallio, P., 1978, a) Relationship of maternal smoking morbidity and mortality of the child up to the age of five, Acta Paediat, 67: 621–631.Google Scholar
  7. Rantakallio, P., 1978, b) The effect of maternal smoking on birth weight and the subsequent health of the child, Early Hum. Develop., 2: 371–382.Google Scholar
  8. Rantakallio, P., 1979, Social background of mothers who smoke during pregnancy and influence of these factors on the offspring, Soc. Sci. Med., 13A: 423–429.Google Scholar
  9. Rantakallio, P., 1983, A follow-up study to the age of 14 of children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy, Acta Paediat. 72:Google Scholar
  10. Wingerd, J. and Schoen, E.J., 1974, Factors influencing length at birth and height at five years, Pediatrics, 53: 737–741.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paula Rantakallio
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public Health. ScienceUniversity of OuluOuluFinland

Personalised recommendations