The Laser — Trailblazer of Synergetics

  • Hermann Haken
Conference paper


In my paper I want to discuss how a thorough theoretical study of the laser process has led us to understand basic mechanisms of self-organization in physics, chemistry, biology and other sciences. A typical laser [1] consists of a rod of active material (compare fig. 1) with two mirrors at its endfaces. The laser-active atoms of the material are pumped energetically from the outside and emit laser light through one of the mirrors. The two mirrors form a Perot-Fabry-interferometer which allows only for those modes, whose wavelengths obey the relation (fig. 2)
(n is an integer and L is the distance between the mirrors).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann Haken
    • 1
  1. 1.Universität StuttgartStuttgartWest Germany

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