Cooperative Effects in Optical Bistability and Resonance Fluorescence

  • R. Bonifacio
  • L. A. Lugiato
Conference paper


Cooperative phenomena in far-from-equilibrium open systems are presently the object of an ever increasing interest [1]. At a phenomenological level they are described by a set of nonlinear equations with suitable damping terms. Just the interplay of nonlinearity and dissipation gives rise to a large variety of phenomena. Among them, one of the most interesting possibilities is the appearance of phase transitions in stationary nonequilibrium states.


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    Other Optical Systems in which nonlinear absorption gives rise to bistability are i) the laser with saturable absorber, see J.F. Scott, M. Sargent III, C.D. Cantrell, Opt. Comm. 15,13 (1975); ii) the dye laser, see S.T. Dembinski and A. Kossakowski, Z. Physik B24,141 (1976) and references quoted therein.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Bonifacio
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. A. Lugiato
    • 1
  1. 1.Università di MilanoMilanoItaly
  2. 2.Also Istituto Nazionale di OtticaFirenzeItaly

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