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Effects of Inhomogeneous Broadening on Resonance Fluorescence and the Growth of Laser Instabilities

  • David A. Holm
  • Murray SargentIII
Conference paper

Abstract

A recent multimode quantum theory1 of light interactions shows how spontaneous emission influences the build-up of sidemodes in active and passive cavities containing a homogeneously-broadened medium of two-level strong-signal resonance fluorescence4 in appropriate limits, showing how this important phenomenon is explained in the context of Lamb theory. Contrary to what one might expect, the theory predicts a two-peaked spontaneous-emission spectrum for the onset of laser and optical-bistability sidemodes. The elimination of the central peak is due to a quantum three-wave mixing process. The laser sidemode instabilities are of great interest partly because they have led to all-optical chaos.5 The chaos experiments that have been performed involve inhomogeneously-broadened media. The present paper includes this broadening in the quantum treatment. This work also predicts the spectrum of resonance fluorescence in inhomogeneously-broadened stationary media, which has not to our knowledge been published. We have obtained analytic expressions for a Lorentzian inhomogeneous broadening function, allowing us to study the transition from homogeneous broadening to the inhomogeneous-broadening limit.

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References

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    M. Sargent Ill, M. S. Zubairy, and F. deMartini, Opt. Lett. 8, 76 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    N. B. Abraham, M. D. Coleman, M. M.eda, and J. C. Wesson, Appl. Phys. B28, 169 (1982); J. Bentley and N. B. Abraham, Opt. Comm. 41, 52 (1982). For background references on these instabilities, see S. T. Hendow and M. Sargent I l 1, Opt. Comm. 40, 385 (1982) and Opt. Comm. 43, 59 (1982). L. W. Hillman, R. W. Boyd, and C. R. Stroud, Jr., Opt. Lett. 7, 426 (1982)Google Scholar
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    For a review of the semiclassical results, see M. Sargent Ill, Phys. Rep. 43C, 223 (1978)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • David A. Holm
    • 1
  • Murray SargentIII
    • 1
  1. 1.Optical Sciences CenterUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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