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Cooling of Cryogenic Liquids by Gas Injection

  • P. S. Larsen
  • J. A. Clark
  • W. O. Randolph
  • J. L. Vaniman
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 8)

Abstract

Subcooling of cryogenic liquids by injection of a noncondensing gas was investigated as a means of preventing excess heating of the liquid oxygen In the suction lines of the Saturn booster during prelaunch. Because of ambient heating, the liquid oxygen at the pump inlet approaches the saturation state, precluding successful bootstrapping of the H-1 engine during start.

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References

  1. 1.
    W. O. Randolph and J. L. Vaniman, “Subcooling of Cryogenic Liquids by Injection of Non-condensing Gas,” Geo. C. Marshall Space Flight Center, MTP-S&M-P-61–19 (Oct. 17, 1961).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. J. Halbrooks, “Tests of Cryogenic Cooling by Gaseous Injection,” MSFC Internal Note M-Test #13–61 (Aug. 10, 1961).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. A. Clark, H. Merte, Jr., et al., “Pressurization of Liquid-Oxygen Containers,” Progress Report No. 18 UMRI Project 2646, Univ. of Mich. Research Inst. (Oct. 1959).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. K. Morgan and H. F. Brady, Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 7, K. D. Timmerhaus (ed.), Plenum Press, New York (1962), p. 206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    A. F. Schmidt, “Experimental Investigation of Liquid Hydrogen Cooled by Helium Gas Injection,” this publication, Paper J-5.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    “Cryogenic Subcooling by Helium Injection,” Geo. C. Marshall Space Flight Center, Memorandum M-S&M-PE #327 (Oct. 24, 1961).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    W. O. Randolph and J. L. Vaniman, “Critical LOX Temperature in Suction Line of H-1 Rocket Engine Prior to Lift Off,” Geo. C. Marshall Space Flight Center MTP-M-S&M-P-61–3 (Jan. 25, 1961).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1963

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. S. Larsen
    • 1
  • J. A. Clark
    • 1
  • W. O. Randolph
    • 2
  • J. L. Vaniman
    • 2
  1. 1.University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.NASA George C. Marshall Space Flight CenterHuntsvilleUSA

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