Thermal Conductivity of Frozen Soil at Cryogenic Temperatures

  • J. J. Cloessner
  • R. F. Barron
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 13)


In recent years, several cryogenic applications have involved the freezing of moist soil. Soil stabilization for excavations and construction of foundations [1] and underground storage of liquefied natural gas [2,3] are two such applications which involve cryogenic freezing of soils. In order to predict liquid requirements for freezing and maintaining the soil in the frozen state, information on the thermal conductivity of the soil is required, Practically all the work to date has been carried out in the -20° to 100°F range. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the thermal conductivity of frozen soil at liquid nitrogen temperatures as a function of the mass fraction of water in the soil. A typical sandy soil was selected as the test sample, and the guarded hot-plate method was chosen to determine the thermal conductivity.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    M. Sittig, Cryogenics, Research and Applications, D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., Princeton, N.J. (1963), p. 216.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Sharp, “Refrigerated Propane Storage,” ASME Paper 64-PET-25 (1965).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    F. E. Dean, Cryogenics, 6:65 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. E. Kennelly and E. R. Shepaff: Trans. A.I.E.E., 26:969 (1907).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. B. Shanklin: J.A.I.E.E., 41:94 (1922).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. L. Shannon and W. A. Wells: Proc. ASTM, 47:1044 (1947).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. S. Kersten: Proc. Highway Res, Board, Univ. of Minn., 28:161 (1948).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    ASTM Standards, Part 4, No. D-421–58, D-422–61T (1961), p. 1270.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    PCA Soil Primer, Portland Cement Assoc, Chicago, Ill. (1956), p. 14.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    W. Nusselt, Zeiischr, d. bayer, Revisionsver., Nos. 13 & 14, (1913);Google Scholar
  11. 10a.
    see also M. Jakob, Heat Transfer, Vol. 1, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York (1949), p. 85.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. J. Cloessner
    • 1
  • R. F. Barron
    • 1
  1. 1.Louisiana Polytechnic InstituteRustonUSA

Personalised recommendations