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An Analysis of the Performance of the Pulse Tube Refrigerator

  • J. W. Colangelo
  • E. E. Fitzpatrick
  • S. N. Rea
  • J. L. SmithJr.
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 13)

Abstract

A recent series of papers by Gifford and Longsworth [1–3] describe a simple refrigeration device (illustrated schematically in Fig. 1) which has potential applications. They have called this device a “pulse tube refrigerator.” The pulse tube refrigerator consists of a regenerator connected in series with an open tube, which is the pulse tube. The void volume of the regenerator is V R and the void volume of the pulse tube is V pt . Gas enters and leaves the device through the warm end of the regenerator which is at a temperature T W . The volume V h , which is connected to the end of the pulse tube, is maintained at a temperature T h by means of cooling medium. In general, at least for the simple pulse tube, both T h and T W will be approximately at room temperature.

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References

  1. 1.
    W. E. Gifford and R. C. Longsworth, Trans. ASME, Jour. Engr.for Industry, 86:264 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    W. E. Gifford and R. C. Longsworth, in: International Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Plenum Press, New York (1965), p. 69.Google Scholar
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    W. E. Gifford and R. C. Longsworth. in: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 11, Plenum Press, New York (1966), p. 171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    P. Hrycak and M. J. Lew, “Pulse Tube Refrigerator Analysis”, ASME Paper No. 66-WA/PID-3 (1966).Google Scholar
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    S. N. Rea and j. L. Smith, Jr., “The Influence of Pressure Cycling on Thermal Regenerators”, ASME Paper No. 66-WA/PID-1, to be published in Trans. ASME, Jour. Engr. for Industry. Google Scholar
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    S. N. Rea, Ph. D. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. (1966).Google Scholar
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    J. W. Colangelo and E. E. Fitzpatrick, M. S. Thesis, Massachusetts institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. (1966).Google Scholar
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    W. M. Kays and A. L. London, Compact Heat Exchangers, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York (1964).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. W. Colangelo
    • 1
  • E. E. Fitzpatrick
    • 1
  • S. N. Rea
    • 2
  • J. L. SmithJr.
    • 3
  1. 1.U.S. NavyUSA
  2. 2.Texas Instruments, Inc.DallasUSA
  3. 3.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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