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Biomass Pyrolysis: A Review of the Literature Part 1—Carbohydrate Pyrolysis

  • Michael Jerry AntalJr.

Abstract

A normative review of the literature describing the products, mechanisms and rates of carbohydrate pyrolysis is presented. The role of a complex sequence of competing solid and vapor phase pyrolysis pathways is elucidated.

Keywords

Municipal Solid Waste Pyrolysis Product Volatile Matter Pyrolysis Reaction Char Formation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notation

A

Pre-exponential constant (apparent frequency factor).

Cr I

Crystalline index; see Ref. 138.

E

Apparent activation energy (kcal/gmol).

Fo

Orientation factor or degree of stretch; see Ref. 60.

k

Rate constant: k = A exp (−E/RT).

t

Time (sec).

T

Temperature

w (t)

Time dependent sample weight (g).

Wi

Initial sample weight (g).

Wf

Final sample weight (g).

α

Degree of conversion: α = (wi − w(t))/(wi − Wf).

β

Heating rate (°C/min).

Increase: ∆ CO is increase in CO mass yield due to gas phase pyrolysis.

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References and Notes

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Copyright information

© American Solar Energy Society, Inc. 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Jerry AntalJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.University of HawaiiHonoluluUSA

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