Chlamydia Trachomatis

  • Michael R. Spence
  • Joan F. Adler
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 224)


Alexandria, Egypt sits on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa. It was in this city that the Rosetta Stone was found. The Rosetta Stone, a tabloid written in both ancient Greek and hieroglyphics, enabled the secrets of the pyramids to be unlocked. Upon translation of the writings of ancient Egypt, it was determined that an infectious urethritis was known approximately 3,000 years before Christ. This condition was contagious, was felt to be sexually transmitted, and a form of therapy which involved the intraurethral instillation of sandalwood oil was described. In Chapter 15 of Leviticus, which was written approximately 800 years BC, a contagious urethritis was also described. In these writings it was noted that this condition was contagious, was transmitted between man and woman, and necessitated the isolation of the infected person. Scholars feel that these writings describe a sexually transmitted disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae. However, these may be some of the earliest writings describing nonspecific or nongonococcal urethritis. One of the major organisms associated with this particular condition is Chlamydia trachomatis. Since Chlamydia trachomatis is hyperendemic in the Middle East, it is quite possible that the urethritis that is described was caused by this agent.


Chlamydia Trachomatis Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection Tetracycline Hydrochloride 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael R. Spence
    • 1
  • Joan F. Adler
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyHahnemann University School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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