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Direct Methods and Refinement

  • M. F. C. Ladd
  • R. A. Palmer

Abstract

In this chapter we shall consider direct (phase probability) methods of solving the phase problem, and certain other techniques which are usually involved in the overall investigation of crystal and molecular structure.

Keywords

Torsion Angle Phase Determination Phase Indication Argand Diagram Patterson Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Bibliography

Crystallographic Computing

  1. Ahmed, F. R., Hall, S. R., and Huber, C. P. (Editors), Crystallographic Computing, Copenhagen, Munksgaard (1970).Google Scholar
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Direct Methods

  1. Giacovazzo, C., Direct Methods in Crystallography, New York, Academic Press (1980).Google Scholar
  2. Ladd, M. F. C., and Palmer, R. A. (Editors), Theory and Practice of Direct Methods in Crystallography, New York, Plenum Press (1980).Google Scholar
  3. Stout, G. H., and Jensen, L. H., X-Ray Structure Determination—A Practical Guide, New York, Macmillan (1968).Google Scholar
  4. Woolfson, M. M., An Introduction to X-Ray Crystallography, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press (1970).Google Scholar

Refinement and Molecular Geometry

  1. Stout, G. H., and Jensen, L. H., X-Ray Structure Determination—A Practical Guide, New York, Macmillan (1968).Google Scholar
  2. Woolfson, M. M., An Introduction to X-Ray Crystallography, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press (1970).Google Scholar

Chemical Data

  1. Sutton, L. E. (Editor), Tables of Interatomic Distances and Configurations in Molecules and Ions, London, The Chemical Society (1958; supplement, 1965).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. F. C. Ladd
    • 1
  • R. A. Palmer
    • 2
  1. 1.University of SurreyGuildfordEngland
  2. 2.Birkbeck CollegeUniversity of LondonLondonEngland

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