Sequence Elements Involved in the Rescue of IBV Defective RNA CD-91
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Deletion mutagenesis has been used to identify essential regions for rescue of coronavirus defective RNAs (D-RNAs). Using this technique on a cloned IBV D-RNA CD-91, we have identified a region potentially important in its rescue. Comparing the sequence of D-RNAs rescued with those not rescued we have deduced that a 72 base region corresponding to base number 13824 to 13896 in the viral genome is required for rescue. This may be an IBV D-RNA packaging signal or a cis-acting element involved in replication. Further experiments and modification of our techniques will be required to differentiate between the two processes.