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Coronaviruses pp 245-253 | Cite as

Equine Arteritis Virus Contains a Unique Set of Four Structural Proteins

  • Antoine A. F. de Vries
  • Ewan D. Chirnside
  • Marian C. Horzinek
  • Peter J. M. Rottier
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 342)

Abstract

Equine arteritis virus (EAV) belongs to a group of small enveloped positive-stranded RNA viruses, provisionally designated arteriviruses, which further includes lactate dehydrogenase-elevating virus (LDV), simian hemorrhagic fever virus (SHFV), and swine infertility and respiratory syndrome virus (SIRSV) or Lelystad virus (LV). These viruses resemble togaviruses in their physicochemical properties, the polarity and size (13–15 kb) of their genomes, and the size (50–70 nm) and morphology (isometric) of the virionsl,2 but virus assembly occurs by intracellular budding1,3. In contrast, the genome organization and gene expression strategy are similar to those of corona-and toroviruses2,4,5,6,7,8.

Keywords

Nucleocapsid Protein Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus Equine Arteritis Virus Virion Serum Lelystad Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antoine A. F. de Vries
    • 1
  • Ewan D. Chirnside
    • 2
  • Marian C. Horzinek
    • 1
  • Peter J. M. Rottier
    • 1
  1. 1.lnstitute of Virology, Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Veterinary FacultyUniversity of UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Equine Virology UnitThe Animal Health TrustKennett, SuffolkEngland

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