A Novel Glycoprotein of Feline Infectious Peritonitis Coronavirus Contains a KDEL-like Endoplasmic Reticulum Retention Signal
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A new protein of the feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) was discovered in lysates of infected cells. Expression of the gene encoding open reading frame (ORF) 6b of FIPV in recombinant vaccinia virus infected cells was used to identify it as the 6b protein. It is a novel type of viral glycoprotein whose function is not clear. It is a soluble protein contained in microsomes; its slow export from the cell is caused by the presence of an ER-retention signal at the C-terminus. This amino acid sequence, KTEL, closely resembles the consensus KDEL-signal of soluble resident ER proteins. A mutant 6b protein with the C-terminal sequence KTEV became resistant to digestion by endo-ß-N-acetylglucosaminidase H with a half-time that was reduced threefold. In contrast, a mutant with the sequence KDEL was completely retained in the ER. The FIPV 6b protein is the first example of a viral protein with a functional KDEL-like ER-retention signal.
KeywordsRecombinant Vaccinia Virus Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay Feline Infectious Peritonitis Virus Sequence KDEL Protein Produce Cell
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