Characteristic Defects and Imperfections in KDP Crystals Grown at High Rates

  • I. L. Smol’skii
  • N. P. Zaitseva
Part of the Growth of Crystals book series (GROC, volume 19)


Crystals of the KDP group are widely used in various branches of science and technology as frequency doublers, modulators, laser gates, parametric generators, and other active elements of devices for controlling a laser beam in addition to videotransformers [1]. Large crystals with highly uniform physical properties are needed for these purposes.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ferroelectrics, Vol. 71, (1987), No. 1/2/3/4.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. I. Bespalov, V. I. Bredikhin, V. P. Ershov, et al., “Rapid growth of water-soluble crystals and problems of fabricating large-aperture light-frequency transformers,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Fiz., 51, No. 8, 1354–1360 (1987).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. F. Cooper, M. F. Singleton, and Y. Zundelevich, “Rapid growth of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals in the form of rectangular sector blocks,” in: VIIth Int. Conf. Cryst. Growth: Progr. andAbstr., York, England (1986), OA1/417.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. N. Rashkovich, “Rapid growth from solution of large crystals for nonlinear optics,” Vestn. Akad. Nauk SSSR, No. 9, 15–19 (1984).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. A. Akhmanov, I. A. Begishev, A. A. Gulamov, et al., “Highly effective parametric light-frequency transformation in wide-aperture crystals grown at rapid rates,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow), 11, No. 9, 1701–1702 (1984).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    I. L. Smol’skii, A. A. Chernov, Yu. G. Kuznetsov, et al., “Vicinal sectoriality and its relation to growth kinetics of ADP crystals,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 278, No. 2, 358–361 (1984).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Nishida, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, et al., “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by reducing the organic impurities in growth solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 52, No. 6, 420–421 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    V. G. Lutsau, Yu. M. Fishman, and I. S. Res, “X-ray diffraction topography study of defects in potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) and ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP) single crystals,” Krist. Tech., 5, No. 3, 445–450 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yu. M. Fishman and V. G. Lutsau, “X-ray dynamical diffraction contrast due to inhomogeneous impurity distribution,” Phys. Status SolidiA, 3, No. 2, 829–837 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Klapper, Yu. M. Fishman, and V. G. Lutsau, “Elastic energy and line directions of growth dislocations in KDP crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A, 21, No. 1, 115–121 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    I. L. Smol’skii, A. A. Chernov, Yu. G. Kuznetsov, et al., “Vicinal sectoriality in growth sectors of 011 faces of ADP crystals,” Kristallografiya, 30, No. 5, 971–979 (1985).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. R. Lang, “The projection topography: a new method in x-ray diffraction microradiography,” Acta Crystallogr., 12, 249–250 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Authier, “Contrast of a stacking fault on x-ray topographs,” Phys. Status Solidi, 27, No. 1, 77–93 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. Authier, “Contrast of dislocations. Images in x-ray transmission topography,” Adv. X-ray Anal. 10, 9–31 (1967).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. Belouet, M. Monnier, and J. C. Verplanke, “Autoradiography as a tool for studying iron segregation and related defects in KH2PO4 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth, 29, No. 1, 109–120 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. Rodrigues, M. Aquilo, and J. Tejada, “Unstable growth of ADP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth, 27, No. 4, 518–526 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. Janssen-van-Rosmalen and P. Bennema, “The role of hydrodynamics and supersaturation in the formation of fluid inclusions in KDP,” J. Cryst Growth, 42, No. 2, 224–227 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. A. Chernov, L. N. Rashkovich, I. L. Smol’skii, et al., “Growth of KDP-group crystals from solution,” in: Growth of Crystals, Vol. 15, E. I. Givargizov and S. A. Grinberg (eds.), Consultants Bureau, New York (1988), pp. 43–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Modern Crystallography, Vol. 3 [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1980).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. A. Chernov, Yu. G. Kuznetsov, I. L. Smol’skii, et al., “Hydrodynamic effects during ADP crystal growth from aqueous solutions in the kinetic regime,” Kristallografiya, 31, No. 6, 1193–1200 (1986).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. A. Chernov, L. N. Rashkovich, and A. A. Mkrtchan, “Interference-optical study of surface processes of KDP, DKDP, and ADP crystal growth,” Kristallografiya, 32, No. 3, 737–754 (1987).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    L. N. Rashkovich and B. Yu. Shekunov, “Effect of supersaturation on the shape of dislocation hillocks. KDP crystals,” in: Extended Abstracts of the VIIh All-Union Conf on Growth of Crystals, Vol. 2 [in Russian], Moscow (1988), pp. 57–59.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    L. N. Rashkovich, A. A. Mkrtchan, and A. A. Chernov, “Morphology and growth kinetics of the (100) faces of ADP from aqueous solution,” Kristallografiya, 30, No. 2, 380–387 (1985).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York  1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. L. Smol’skii
  • N. P. Zaitseva

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations