Open Governments and Their Cultural Transitions
- 1.9k Downloads
This chapter explores, through the lenses of social theory, the interaction between Internet culture (the culture of openness) and the bureaucratic culture of secrecy. After a theoretical and conceptual discussion around the meaning of Internet culture, the chapter uses the case study of the “Open Government” policy of the Obama administration to explore its central research questions: Is the cultural code “openness/closeness” penetrating the core of the bureaucratic culture?
KeywordsOpen government Cultural analysis Obama administration
- Alexander, J. C. (2005). The meanings of social life: A cultural sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Alexander, J. C. (2008b). The civil sphere. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Beck, U. (1992). Risk society: Towards a new modernity. London: Newbury Park: Calif., Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Bergson, H. (1935). The two sources of morality and religion. New York: Henry Holt and Company.Google Scholar
- Castells, M. (2009). Communication power. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Castells, M., & Ollé Sanz, E. (2004). E-Government in Catalonia. The Barcelona City Council in the Network Society. Research Report (Spanish, Catalan). UOC – Internet Interdisciplinary Institute: http://openaccess.uoc.edu/webapps/o2/handle/10609/272.
- Coglianese, C. (2009). The transparency president? The obama administration and open government. Scholarship at Penn Law Paper 282.Google Scholar
- Deleuze, G., & Guattari, F. (1988). A thousand plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. London: Athlone Press.Google Scholar
- Edelman, M. J. (1977). Political language: Words that succeed and policies that fail. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Foucault, M. (1978). The history of sexuality. New York: Pantheon Books.Google Scholar
- Giddens, A. (1990). The consequences of modernity. Stanford: Calif.: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Hand, M. (2008). Making digital cultures: Access, interactivity, and authenticity. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
- Hand, M., & Sandywell, B. (2002). E-topia as cosmopolis or citadel. On the democratizing and de-democratizing logics of the internet, or, toward a critique of the new technological fetishism. Theory, Culture and. Society,19(1–2), 197–225.Google Scholar
- Held, D. (1999). Global transformations: Politics, economics and culture. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Himanen, P. (2001). The hacker ethic, and the spirit of the information age. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
- Jenkins, H. (2006). Convergence culture: Where old and new media collide. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
- Levy, S. (1984). Hackers: Heroes of the computer revolution. Garden City: Anchor Press/Doubleday.Google Scholar
- Long, P. (2001). Openness, secrecy, authorship. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
- Lyon, D. (1988). The information society: Issues and illusions. New York: Polity Press.Google Scholar
- Noveck, B. S. (2009). Wiki government: How technology can make government better, democracy stronger, and citizens more powerful. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
- Obama, B. (2007). Candidates at Google http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m4yVlPqeZwo. Accessed Jan 2010.
- Obama, B. (2009a). Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies: Freedom of Information Act. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/FreedomofInformationAct/. Accessed Jan 2010.
- Obama, B. (2009b). Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies: Transparency and open government. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/OMB/memoranda/…/task_force_theft_memo.pdf. Accessed Jan 2010.
- O’Neill, O. (2002). A question of trust. the bbc reith lectures 2002. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Papacharissi, Z. (2004). The virtual sphere: The internet as the public sphere. In F. Webster (Ed.), Information society(re-issue). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Popper, K. (1945). The open society and its enemies. Volume I: The spell of plato. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Porter, D. (1997). Internet culture. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Sennett, R. (2006). The culture of the new capitalism. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Thomas, D. (2002). Hacker culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
- Thompson, J. B. (2000). Political scandal: Power and visibility in the media age. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
- Weber, S. (2004). The success of open source. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Weber, M. (1922) Bureaucracy, in Essays in Sociology, translated and edited by H.H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills (New York: Oxford University Press, 1946) Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft (Economy and Society).Google Scholar
- Woolgar, S. (2002). Virtual society? Technology, cyberbole, reality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Zittrain, J. (2008). The future of the internet–and how to stop it. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar