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Radiofrequency/Ultrasound

  • Daniel I. Schlessinger
  • Joel Schlessinger
  • Heidi A. WaldorfEmail author

Abstract

Although recent research in cosmetic procedures has allowed for great advances in both surgical and nonsurgical advances in skin rejuvenation, there is a greater demand in the United States for the latter. From 1997 to 2011, the number of surgical procedures nearly doubled from 939,192 to 1,638,524, whereas the number of nonsurgical procedures increased more than tenfold from 740,751 to 7,555,986 [1]. Among members of the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the top cosmetic trend in 2011 was the increased use of nonsurgical cosmetic procedures, to essentially delay invasive surgical procedures [2].

Keywords

Focal Depth Coupling Fluid Soft Tissue Augmentation Mild Erythema Corneal Abrasion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

Video 5.1

(MP4 85736 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel I. Schlessinger
    • 1
  • Joel Schlessinger
    • 2
  • Heidi A. Waldorf
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Northwestern University School of MedicineChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Advanced Skin Research CenterOmahaUSA
  3. 3.Laser & Cosmetic Dermatology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, and Associate Clinical Professor IcahnSchool of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Waldorf Dermatology & Laser Associates, PCNanuetUSA

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