Dynamics of Multidimensional Poverty and Trade Liberalization: Evidence from Panel Data for Egypt

  • Shireen AlAzzawiEmail author
  • Mona Said
Part of the Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being book series (EIAP, volume 9)


This chapter investigates the dynamics of poverty in Egypt using monetary and non-monetary panel data, and the impact of trade liberalization on poor and low waged workers. We find a relatively low level of economic mobility in both income and non-income indicators, with the majority of those who were “poor” in 1998, whether in the monetary or non-monetary dimension, remaining so by 2006. Trade reform in the form of lower tariffs and increased export promotion exerted a small positive influence on the incomes of the poor; however, this came at the expense of greater informalization of workers and higher incidence of low quality jobs. We also find that private sector employment and gender have a much more important role in segregating the labor market.


Poverty Line Trade Liberalization Multidimensional Poverty Wage Worker Import Penetration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank Ali Rashed and Randa Hamza for able research assistance and are grateful to Ragui Assaad, Valerie Bérenger, Florent Bresson and two anonymous referees for valuable comments and suggestions. The usual disclaimer applies. © Shireen AlAzzawi and Mona Said 2012.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsSanta Clara UniversitySanta ClaraUSA
  2. 2.Faculty affiliate of the London Middle East Institute, SOAS, London University and Department of EconomicsThe American University in CairoCairoEgypt

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