Together or Apart? Attitudes Towards Multi-ethnic State and Ethnically Mixed Communities in Post-independence Kosovo

  • Artjoms IvļevsEmail author
  • Roswitha M. King
Part of the Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being book series (EIAP, volume 8)


A growing body of literature has explored the impact of ethnic fractionalisation on long-term development outcomes. This chapter explores the way ethnic identities relate to the dynamics of exclusion by focusing on attitudes towards a multi-ethnic state and ethnically mixed living in post-independence Kosovo. This study is based on a survey (face-to-face interviews) of 1,367 respondents carried out in Kosovo 4 months after it proclaimed independence. Responses of the ethnic Albanians, the ethnic Serbs and other minorities in the country are contrasted, but important differences are identified across groups defined by age, gender, income levels, area of residence and labour market status. These findings suggest that, despite the prevalence of negative attitudes towards a multi-ethnic state and residential co-location which emerge for some groups, a number of factors potentially influenced by policy mediate the way ethnicity translates into attitudes towards integration.


Ethnic Minority United Nations Security Council Security Council Resolution Mixed Area Ethnic Fractionalisation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Alesina A, Zhuravskaya E (2011) Segregation and the Quality of Government in a Cross Section of Countries. American Economic Review 101(5): 1872–1911.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alesina A, Devleeschauwer A, Easterly W, Kurlat S, Wacziarg R (2003) Fractionalization. Journal of Economic Growth, 8: 155–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alesina A, La Ferrara E (2005) Ethnic Diversity and Economic Performance. Journal of Economic Literature, 43 (3): 762–800.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Balkaninsight (2008) Kosovo slams Serb leader’s partition claim. Accessed 15 November 2011.
  5. Bancroft I (2009) The flight of Kosovo’s Minorities. The Guardian. Accessed 15 November 2011.
  6. Collaku P (2011) Kosovo Census to Start Without the North. Balkan Insight. Accessed 15 November 2011.
  7. Djukanovic D (2008) The Post-conflict Integration of Minority Ethnic Communities in Kosovo. Paper presented at the Third Annual Conference on Human Security, Terrorism and Organized Crime in the Western Balkan Region, organized by the HUMSEC project in Belgrade, 2-4 October 2008. Accessed 15 November 2011.
  8. Flottau R (2008) Fury and Tension Grip Europe’s Newest Country. Spiegel Online International.,1518,543247,00.html. Accessed 15 November 2011.
  9. Montalvo J, Reynal-Querol M (2005) Ethnic Polarization, Potential Conflict and Civil Wars. American Economic Review 95: 796–81.Google Scholar
  10. Kostovicova D (2005) Kosovo: the politics of identity and space. Routledge, Oxon, UK.Google Scholar
  11. Martin J (2009) Minority Rights in Kosovo under International Rule. EU Times Online. Accessed 15 November 2011.
  12. Mayr W (2008) The Slow Birth of a Nation. Spiegel Online International.,1518,549441,00.html. Accessed 15 November 2011.
  13. Montalvo J, Reynal-Querol M (2005) Ethnic Polarization, Potential Conflict and Civil Wars. American Economic Review 95: 796–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rapaj J (2010) The “new born” state of Kosovo. percentE2 percent80 percent9Cnew-born percentE2 percent80 percent9D-state-kosovo. Accessed 15 November 2011.
  15. Statistical Office of Kosovo (2006) Kosovo in Figures. Ministry of Public Services, Pristina, January 2006.Google Scholar
  16. Telegraph (2008) Serbian settlers plan partition of Kosovo. Accessed 15 November 2011.
  17. UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) (2006) Youth: A New Generation for Kosovo. Human Development Report Kosovo 2006.Google Scholar
  18. World Bank (2008) Kosovo - Youth in jeopardy : being young, unemployed, and poor in Kosovo. A report on youth employment in Kosovo. No. 43596-XK.Google Scholar
  19. Zejneli A and Cvekic L (2009) Kosovo Serbs Defiantly ‘Anti-Independence’. Balkan Insight. Accessed 15 November 2011.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics, Bristol Business SchoolUniversity of the West of EnglandBristolUK
  2. 2.University of NottinghamNottinghamUK
  3. 3.Department of EconomicsØstfold University CollegeHaldenNorway
  4. 4.University of LatviaRigaLatvia

Personalised recommendations