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Part II Acronyms and Abbreviations

  • S. William A. GunnEmail author
Chapter
  • 612 Downloads

Keywords

Disaster Relief Severe Acute Malnutrition Swine Influenza Virus Isoniazid Preventive Therapy Southern African Development Community 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

An asterisk (*) refers to this term in Part  I, the Dictionary

A

AAA

*Accra Agenda for Action

AAH

Action Against Hunger

AAM

Air-to-air *missile

AB

*Atom bomb, *atomic bomb

ABC

Airway, breathing, circulation (emergency medicine)

Atomic, biological, chemical (weapons)

ABM

*Antiballistic missile

ABU

Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union

AC

Arctic Council

ACC

Administrative Committee on Coordination (United Nations)

ACF

Action Contre la Faim (Action Against Hunger: AAH)

ACGHST

African Centre for Global Health and Social Transformation

ACHPR

African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights

ACLS

*Advanced cardiac life support

ACORD

Agency for Cooperation and Research in Development

ACS

*American College of Surgeons

ACSM

Advocacy, communication and social mobilization

ACT

Action by Churches Together

ACTED

Artemisinin-based combination therapy (against malaria)

Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development

ACUNS

*Academic Council on the United Nations System

ADB

African Development Bank

AsDB

Asian Development Bank

ADI

Acceptable daily intake (of toxic substance)

ADP

Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (AIT)

ADRA

Adventist Development and Relief Agency

AERE

Atomic Energy Research Establishment (UK – Harwell)

AEROSAT

International Aeronautic Satellite Programme

AFB

Acid-fast bacilli

AFP

Agence France Presse

AFRO

Regional Office for Africa (WHO)

AFY

Advocates for Youth

AGBU

Armenian General Benevolent Union

AGFUND

Arab Gulf Fund for United Nations Development

AGM

Air-to-ground *missile

A(H1N1)

Porcine influenza virus strain

*Swine influenza virus pandemic 2009

AHCO

AIDS Healthcare Organization

AHH

Arbeitsstab Humanitäre Hilfe (Germany)

AHPSR

Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research (WHO)

AI

*Amnesty International

AID

United States Agency for International Development (also USAID)

AIDES

Italian association for health development

*AIDS/Aids

*Acquired immuno­deficiency syndrome (also HIV/AIDS)

AIFOMD

Association Internationale de Formateurs en Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement / IAMDGT

AIS

Abbreviated injury scale

AIT

Asian Institute of Technology

AIUTA

Association Internationale des Universités du Troisième Age

AKF

*Aga Khan Foundation

*ALARA

*As low as reasonably achievable (radiation dose)

ALDHU

Latin American Human Rights Association

ALITE

Augmented Logistics Interven­tion Team (WFP)

*ALS

*Advanced life support (anaes­thesia, emergency)

AM

Transmission through amplitude modulation

AMA

American Medical Association

AMAP

Arctic Monitoring Assessment Programme

AMDF

AIDS-adjusted PMDF

AMELISAP

Association des Médecins Libéraux Sapeurs Pompiers

AMI

Acute myocardial infarction

AMP

Agence de Médecine Préventive

AMPATH

Academic Model for Preven­tion and Treatment of HIV/AIDS

AmRC/ARC

American Red Cross

*AMRO

Regional Office for the Americas (WHO)

AMSAT

Amateur satellite

AMVER

Automated Mutual Assistance Vessel Rescue

ANC

Antenatal care

African National Congress (South Africa)

AP

Associated Press

*APACHE

*Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation

APCDM

*Asia-Pacific Conference on Disaster Medicine

API

Active pharmaceutical ingredient

APM

Asociaciòn Abuelas de Plaza de Mayo (Association of Grandmothers of Plaza de Mayo – Argentina)

APOC

African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (WHO)

APPS

African Partnership for Public Health Safety

APT

*Association for the Prevention of Torture

APU

*Auxiliary power unit

ARABSAT

Arab Satellite Communi­cations Organization

ARC

American Refugee Committee

ARCDM

All-Russian Centre for Disaster Medicine *Zaschita

ARD

*Acute respiratory disease (or distress)

ARI

Annual risk of infection

ARPCT

Alliance for Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism

ARSI

*Association of Rural Surgeons of India

ART

Antiretroviral therapy

ARV

Antiretrovirus

ASAFED

African Association of Education for Development

ASAP

As soon as possible

ASEAN

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ASH

Action on Smoking and Health

ASI

Anti-Slavery International

ATA

Actual time of arrival

ATD

Actual time of departure

ATLS

*Advanced trauma life support

ATOP

*Association for Trauma Outreach and Prevention

ATTAC

*Attac. (French): Association pour une Taxation des Transactions financières pour l’Aide aux Citoyens

ATWC

Alaska *Tsunami Warning Center

AU

African Union (previously OAU: Organization of African Unity)

AVPU

*Awake, verbal response, pain response, unresponsive

AVSI

Association of Volunteers in International Service

AWACS

Airborne Warning and Control System

AWRE

Atomic Weapons Research Establishment

B

BAL

British anti-lewisite

BBC

British Broadcasting Corporation

*BCG

*Bacille Calmette-Guérin (anti-TB vaccine)

BCT

(WHO Department of) Blood Safety and Clinical Technology

BDP

Bureau for Development Policy (UNDP)

BDS

*Bradford Disaster Scale

BENELUX

Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg

BHR

Bureau for Humanitarian Response (US-OFDA)

*BLEVE

*Boiling liquid expanded vapour explosion

BLS

*Basic life support

BMA

British Medical Association

BMI

Body mass index

BMR

*Basal metabolic rate

BMS

Breast milk substitute

BOD

*Burden of disease

BP

Medicine: Blood pressure

Industry: British Petroleum

*Bq

*Becquerel (unit of nuclear activity that has replaced the curie)

BRICS

Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa (major emerging countries)

*BSA

*Body surface area (of burn injury)

BSE

*Bovine spongiform encephalo­pathy (mad cow disease)

BTS

*Blood transfusion service

BW

*Biological warfare/biological weapon(s)

BWC

*Biological Weapons Convention

C

°C

Celsius (degree of heat; has replaced the centigrade)

C3

Command, control and communi­cations

CAD

Coronary artery disease

CAF

Cost and freight

CAFOD

Catholic Fund for Overseas Development

cal

Calorie (unit of heat)

CALD

Culturally and linguistically diverse

CARE

Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere

CARICOM

Caribbean Community and Common Market

*CARITAS

*International Confede­ration of Catholic Organizations for Charitable and Social Action

CARTA

Consortium for Advanced Research Training in Africa

CAS

Collision avoidance system

CASs

Country assistance strategies

CASA

Coordinating Action on Small Arms

CAT

*Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

CATW

Coalition Against Trafficking in Women

CBC

Community-based care

CBD

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

CBJO

Coordinating Board of Jewish Organizations

CBO

Community-based organization

CBRN

Chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, (non-conventional weapons)

cc

Cubic centimetre

CC

Corps Consulaire/Consular Corps

CCCF

Canadian Child Care Federation (FCSGE)

CCD

Convention to Combat Desertification (UN)

CCF

Christian Children’s Fund

CCIA

Commission of the Churches on International Affairs

CCS

*Casualty Clearing Station

Country Cooperation Strategy (WHO)

CCW

Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons which may be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to have Indiscriminate Effects

CD

Conference on Disarmament

Corps Diplomatique/Diplomatic Corps

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (USA)

CDCIR

Community Documentation Centre on Industrial Risk

CDE

Centre International de l’Enfance (ICC, Paris)

CE

Council of Europe/Conseil de l’Europe

CECP

Committee Encouraging Corpo­rate Philanthropy

CEDAW

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women

CEF

Central Emergency Response Fund

CEMD

Confidential enquiry into maternal deaths

CEMEC

*European Centre for Disaster Medicine/Centro Europeo per la Medicina delle Catastrofi

CEPREDENAC

Centro de Prevenciòn para Desastres Naturales en America Central

CERD

Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (UN)

CERF

Central Emergency Response Fund

CERN

Centre Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire–European Centre for Nuclear Research

CESCR

Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (UN)

CETIM

*Centre Europe – Tiers Monde

CFC

*Chemistry: chlorofluorocarbons

UN: Common Fund for Commodities

CFR

Case fatality rate

CFS

Committee on World Food Security

CFSAM

Crop and Food Supply Assess­ment Mission (WFP-FAO)

CGF

Calouste *Gulbenkian Foundation

CHAP

Common Humanitarian Action Plan

Consolidated Humanitarian Assis­tance Programme

CHD

Child Health and Development (Division of WHO)

CHF

Canadian Hunger Foundation

CHH

Child-headed household

CHOICE-WHO

CHOosing Interven­tions that are Cost Effective-WHO

CHP

Centre for Humanitarian Psychology

CHW

*Community health worker

CI

*Caritas Internationalis (CARITAS)

Conservation International

CIA

Central Intelligence Agency (USA)

CICARWS

Commission on Inter-Church Aid, Refugee and World Service

CICP

Centre for International Crime Prevention

CICR/ICRC

*Comité International de la Croix-Rouge – International Committee of the Red Cross

CICRED

Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography

CIDA

*Canadian International Development Agency

CIHC

Center for International Health and Cooperation

CIHR

Canadian Institutes of Health Research

CIGLOB

International Center for Globalization and Development

CIF

Cost, insurance and freight

CILSS

Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the *Sahel

CIM

Committee for International *Migration

CIMIC

Civilian-military cooperation

CINDI

Children in Distress International

CIOMS

Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences

CIPIH

Commission on Intellectual Property Rights, Innovation and Public Health (WHO)

CISFAM

Consolidated Information System for *Famine Management in Africa

CISP

Comitato Internazionale per lo Sviluppo dei Popoli

CISR

Center for International Stabili­zation and Recovery (of *landmines)

CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

CIVICUS

World Alliance for Citizen Participation

CLAS

Culturally and linguistically appropriate health services

cm

Centimetre

CMA

*Cranfield Mine Action Canadian Medical Association

CMH

Commission on Macroeconomics and Health (WHO)

CMI

Crop moisture index

CMR

Crude mortality rate

CND

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

CNN

Cable News Network

CNS

Central nervous system

CO2

*Carbon dioxide

COC

Combined oral contraceptive

COD

Cash on delivery

COHRED

*Council on Health Research for Development

COMPAS

Commodity Movement Processing and Analysis System (WFP)

COMSAT

Communications Satellite Corporation

CONGO

Conference of Non-Govern­mental Organizations in Consultative Status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

COR UNUM

Coordination of Roman Catholic Relief Agencies

COSECSA

College of Surgeons of East, Central and Southern Africa

COSME

Operational Coordination of Medical Emergencies Surveillance (Italy)

COVAW

Coalition on *Violence Against Women

CPI/TI

*Corruption Perceptions Index of Transparency International

CpiE

Child Protection in Emergencies

CPR

*Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

CR (E)

Casualty rate (estimation)

CRC

Committee on the Rights of the Child

*CRED

*Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (Belgium)

CRS

Catholic Relief Services

CSB

*Corn-soya blend

CSD

Commission on *Sustainable Development

CSIRO

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Australia)

CSM

*Corn-soya milk

CSO

Civil Service Organization

CSOPP

Civil Society Organizations and Participation Programme (UNDP)

CSOU

*Civil Society and Outreach Unit (UN-DSPD)

CSR

Corporate social responsibility

CSW

Commercial sex worker

CTBT

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

CTBTO

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban-Treaty Organization

CTS

Communications Technology Satellite

CTV

Centre for Torture Victims (Bosnia-Herzegovina)

CUI

*Chernobyl Union International

CUSO

Canadian University Services Overseas

CVA

*Cerebrovascular accident

CVD

Cardiovascular disease

CVM

Complex of vitamins and minerals

CW

*Chemical warfare/chemical weapon

CWC

*Chemical Weapons Convention

CWGL

Center for Women’s Global Leadership

CWS

Church World Service

D

DAC

Development Assistance Commit­tee (OECD)

DALE

*Disability-adjusted life expectancy

DALY(s)

*Disability-adjusted life year(s)

DANIDA

Danish International Develop­ment Agency

DARA

*Development Assistance Research Associates

DART

Disaster Assistance Response Team (US/AID and Canada)

DAW

Division for the Advancement of Women (UN)

DBS

Direct broadcast satellite

DCCP

Disaster critical control point

DCI

Defence of Children International/DEI: Défense des Enfants International

DCF

Development Cooperation Forum

DDA

Department of Disarmament Affairs (UN)

DDD

Direct distance dialling

DDR

Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration

DDT

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (insecticide)

DDW

Das Diakonische Werk – German church service

DECAF

*Democratic Control of Armed Forces/Geneva

DECIPHer

Centre for the Development and Evaluation of Complex Interventions for Public Health Improvement

DELNET

Development local network (*ILO)

DESA

Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN)

DEW

Distant Early Warning (military radar network)

DFCM

*Dried full-cream milk

DFID

Department for Foreign International Development (UK)

DHA

*UN Department of Humanitarian Affairs (see OCHA)

DHD

*Disaster health diplomacy

DHS

Demographic and health surveys

DIANE

Direct Information Access Network for Europe

*DNA

*Deoxyribonucleic acid

DNDi

*Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative

DNR

Do not resuscitate

DOA/d.o.a.

Dead on arrival

DoC

Declaration of commitment

DOC

Direct operating costs

DoCip

Documentation Centre for Indigenous Peoples’ Research and Information

DOTS

Directly observed treatment short course (for TB, WHO)

DP

Displaced person(s)

DPA

Department of Political Affairs (UN)

DPI

Department of Public Information/UN

Disabled Peoples’ International

DPKO

*UN Department of Peace­keeping Operations

DPLU

Disaster Prevention and Limitation Unit (*Bradford University, UK)

DPT

*Diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus (vaccine)

DRC

Danish Refugee Council

DRK

Deutsches Rotes Kreuz (German Red Cross)

DRS

Drug resistance surveillance (or survey)

DRSE

Drug-related side effects

DSA

Daily subsistence allowance

DSM

*Dried skim milk

DSPD

Division of Social Policy and Development (UN-DESA)

DWH

Deutsche Welthungerhilfe (German hunger aid)

DWM

*Dried whole milk

E

EAC

East African Community

EAFORD

International Organization for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

EBM

Evidence-based medicine

EBU/UER

European Broadcasting Union/Union Européenne de Radiodiffusion

EDM

(WHO Department of) Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy

EC

European Commission

ECA

Economic Commission for Africa

ECB

European Central Bank

ECDC

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

ECE

Economic Commission for Europe

ECFMG

Educational Council for Foreign Medical Graduates (USA)

ECHO*

*European Community Humanitarian Office (EU)

ECHUI

Ending Child Hunger and Undernutrition Initiative

ECLAC

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN)

ECLS

Extracorporeal life support

ECOSOC

Economic and Social Council of the United Nations

ECOWAS

Economic Community of West African States

ECP

Essential clinical package

ECPAT

End Child Prostitution in Asian Tourism International

ECWA

Economic Commission for Western Asia

ED/EM

Essential drugs/essential medicines

EFA

Education for All

EFNA

Emergency Food Needs assessment

EHA

Emergency and Humanitarian Action (WHO)

*eHealth

Electronic health

EHESS

L’Ecôle de Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales

EHRP

Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan

EIA

Environmental impact assessment

EMERCOM

Emergency Committee (Russia)

EMMIR

Emergency military medical assistance (France)

EMOP

Emergency operation

EMP

*Electromagnetic pulse

EMRIP

UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

EMRO

Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (WHO)

EMS

*Emergency medical services

ENEA

(Italian Committee for) Nuclear Energy and Alternative Energies

ENSO

*El Ninô – Southern Oscillation (meteorology)

EOC

Emergency operations centre

EOE

Equal opportunity employer

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency (USA)

EPGH

European Partnership in Global Health

EPHI

Essential Public Health Interventions

EPI

*Expanded Programme on Immunization (WHO-UNICEF)

EPRP

Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan

EPSCO

Employment, Social Policy, and Health and Consumer Affairs Council

EQA

External quality assessment

ERC

Emergency Relief Coordinator – UN New York

ER&FS

Early Recovery and Food Security work plan

ERM

*Emergency Risk Management and Humanitarian Response (WHO) (previously HAC and ERO)

ERNA

Early Recovery Needs Assess­ment

ERTS

Earth Resources Technology Satellite

ESA

European Space Agency

ESCAP

Economic and Social Com­mission for Asia and the Pacific (UN)

ESPRIT

European Strategic Programme for Research and Development in Information Technology

ETA

Expected time of arrival

ETD

Expected time of departure

ETR

Expected time of return

EU

European Union

EURO/Euro

Regional Office for Europe (WHO)

The European currency unit

Expat

Expatriate person

F

°F

Degree Fahrenheit

FAAD

Food Aid and Development (WFP policies)

F&D/f&d

Commerce: Freight and demurrage

FAO

*Food and Agriculture Organization / UN

f.a.q.

Commerce/shipping: Free alongside quay

FAR

*Fund for Armenian Relief

FAS

Commerce/shipping: Free alongside ship

FAWE

Forum for African Women Educationalists

FBF

*Fortified blended food

FBI

Federal Bureau of Investigation (USA)

Focal brain ischaemia

FBO

Faith-based organization

FCM

*Full cream milk powder

FDA

Food and Drug Administration (USA)

FDC

Fixed-dose combination

FDI

Foreign direct investment

*Fédération Dentaire Internationale/WDF

FERI

Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute

FFH/CAFD

Freedom From Hunger – Campaign Action For Development

FFR

Food for recovery

FFW

Food for work

FGM

*Female genital mutilation

FHI

Food for the Hungry International

FHR

Medicine: foetal heart rate

FICSA

Former International Civil Servants’ Association (UN)

FIDH

International Federation for Human Rights

FIGO

Fédération Internationale de Gynécologie et Obstétrique

FIND

*Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics

FMEA

Failure mode and effects analysis (also HC-FMEA)

FOB

Commerce: free on board

f.o.s.

Commerce: free on ship

f.o.t.

Commerce: free of tax

FPC

Fish protein concentrate

FPIC

Free, prior and informed consent

ft

Foot or feet (measure)

FXBI

*Association François-Xavier Bagnoud/FXB International

FYI/f.y.i.

For your information

G

g

Gram or gramme

G8

Group of eight leading rich industrial countries

G20

*Group of 20 leading rich industrial countries

G77

Group of 77 developing, non-aligned countries

GAA

German Agro Action

GACD

Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases

GAIN

*Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition

GAINS

Gender Awareness Information and Networking System

gal

Gallon

GARP

Global Atmosphere Research Programme

GAVI

*Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization

GBD

Global burden of disease

GBV

Gender-based violence

GCCA

Global Climate Change Alliance

GCI

*Green Cross International

GCIM

Global Commission on International Migration

GCS

*Glasgow Coma Scale

GCSF

Global *Civil Society Forum

GDA

Global Development Alliance (USAID)

GDF

Global Drug Facility (e.g. against tuberculosis)

GDP/gdp

Gross domestic product

GenCap

Gender Standby Capacity Project

*GEO

Group on Earth Observations

GFAT

*Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (also GF)

GFHR

*Global Forum for Health Research

GFMER

Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research

GFR

General fertility rate

GH

*Global health

GHC/WHO

*Global Health Cluster/WHO

GHD

*Global health diplomacy

*Good Humanitarian Donorship

GHF

Geneva Health Forum

GHG

(Global) *greenhouse gas

GHP

Global Health Partnership (WHO)

GHWA

Global Health Workforce Alliance

GIAN

Geneva International Academic Network

GIEESC

*Global Initiative for Emergency and Essential Surgical Care (WHO)

GIIDS

*Graduate Institute of Inter­national and Development Studies (Graduate Institute, Geneva)

GINA

Geneva International Network on Ageing

GIPRI

Geneva International Peace Research Institute

GIS

Geographic information systems

GISAH

Global Information System on Alcohol and Health

GIVS

Global Immunization Vision and Strategy

GLI

Global Laboratory Initiative

Global Fund

*Global Fund to Fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria

GLOBE

Global Legislators Organi­zation for a Balanced Environment

GMAD

Global Mine Action Directory

GMDS

Global Maritime Distress and Safety System

GMEF

Global Ministerial Environment Forum

GMF

Genetically modified food

GMO

Genetically modified organism

GMP/WHO

*Good manufacturing practices (WHO model)

GMT

Greenwich Mean Time

GNI

Gross national income

GNP

*Gross national product

GO

Governmental organization

GOARN

Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network

*GOES

Geostationary Operational Envi­ronmental Satellite / *Global-Observing Environmental Satellite

GOS

Global Observing System

GPEI

Global Polio Eradication Initiative

GPS

Global Positioning System

GPSC

Global Patient Safety Challenge (WHO)

GRID

Global Resource Information Database

GRIPP

Global Review and Inventory of Population Policies

GRT

Gross register tonnage

GSO

Geostationary satellite orbit

Gy

*Gray (Unit of radioactive absorbed dose)

H

H1N1

Swine influenza virus strain (*pandemic)

H5N1

*Avian influenza virus strain (*epidemic)

H2O

*Water

HAV

*Hepatitis A virus

HABITAT

United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (UNCHS)

HAC

Health Action in Crises (WHO) (changed to *ERM)

HACCP

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point system

HALE

Health-adjusted life expectancy (see *QALY)

HBC(s)

High-burden countries

HBV

*Hepatitis B virus

HC-FMEA

Health care – failure modes and effects analysis

HCHR

*High Commissioner for Human Rights (also OHCHR, UNHCHR)

HCR

*High Commissioner for Refugees (also UNHCR)

HDI

Human development index

HDR

Humanitarian daily *ration

HDS

Department of Health Policy, Development and Services (WHO)

HDTC

Humanitarian Demining Training Center

HE

High energy (food)

HELP

Health Emergencies in Large Populations

HEM

High-energy milk (feeding mixture)

HFA

Hyogo Framework for Action

HHS

Health and Human Services Department (USA)

HIC

*High-income country

HIID

Harvard Institute for International Development

HILAC

Heavy-ion linear accelerator

HIPC

Heavily indebted poor countries

HiT

Health care systems in transition

HIV

*Human immunodeficiency virus

HIV/AIDS

*Human immunodeficiency disease (also AIDS)

HLF

High-Level Forum (on health MDGs)

HPC

Hiroshima* Peacebuilders Center (Japan)

HRC

Human Rights Council

HRI

*Humanitarian Response Index

HRIC

UN Office of Human Resources for International Cooperation (DESA)

HRP

UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/WB Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction

HRT

Hormone replacement therapy

HRW

Human Rights Watch

HSP

Health sector profile

HSR

Health sector reform

HTA

Health technology assessment

HUGO

Human Genome Organization

HuMA

*Humanitarian Medical Assis­tance (Japan)

HUMV/Humvee

Human military light vehicle

HW

Hazardous *waste

I

IAEA

*International Atomic Energy Agency (UN)

IAESCSI

International Association of Economic and Social Councils and Similar Institutions (AICESIS)

IAF

International Abolitionist Federation

IAGS

International Association of *Genocide Scholars

IAHM

*International Association for Humanitarian Medicine Brock Chisholm

IALANA

International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms

IAMANEH

*International Association for Maternal and Neonatal Health

IAMDGT/AIFOMD

International Association of MDG Trainers/Association Internationale de Forma­teurs pour les Objectifs du Millénaire du Développement – AIFOMD

IANSA

International Action Network on Small Arms

IAPSO

International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans

IAR

International Association for Religious Freedom

IARF

Inter-Agency Procurement Services Office (UNDP)

IAS

International Amateur Radio Union

International AIDS Society

IASC

Inter-Agency Standing Commit­tee for Humanitarian Action

IATA

International Air Transport Association

IAVCEI

International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior

IAW

International Alliance of Women

IBE

International Bureau of Education

IBHR

*International Bill of Human Rights

IBRD

*International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (also *World Bank)

ICAA

International Council on Alcohol and Addictions

ICAN

International Campaign to Abolish *Nuclear Weapons

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization (UN)

ICARRD

International Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Develop­ment

ICBL

International Campaign to Ban *Landmines

ICBM

Intercontinental ballistic *missile

ICC

*International Criminal Court (for war crimes – The Hague)

ICCPR

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

ICD-10

International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (WHO)

International Statistical Classification of Diseases (WHO)

ICDO

*International Civil Defence Organisation

ICECI

International Classification of External Causes of Injury (WHO)

ICESCR

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

ICHRN

International Centre for Human Resources in Nursing

ICIDH

International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps (WHO)

ICJ

*International Court of Justice

International Commission of Jurists

ICM

Intergovernmental Committee for *Migration

ICMH

*International Centre for Migration and Health

ICMC

International Catholic Migration Commission

ICN

International Council of Nurses

ICPD

International Conference on Population and Development

ICPO

“Interpol” – International Criminal Police Organization

ICR

International Centre of Radio­pathology

ICRC

*International Committee of the Red Cross

ICR-DC

International Cooperation Research for Developing Countries

ICRP

International Commission on Radiological Protection / *IAEA

ICRU

International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements

ICS

*Incident Command System

ICSLS

International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea

ICSM

*Instant corn-soya milk

ICSR

International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence

ICSU

International Council of Scientific Unions

ICT

Information and communications technology

ICTAC

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism

International Counter-Terrorism Academic Community

ICTR

*International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

ICTY

International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

ICU

*Intensive care unit

ICVA

International Council of Voluntary Agencies

ID

Identity document

International dollar (also I$)

IDA

*International Development Association (World Bank Group)

Islamic Democratic Association

IDB

Inter-American Development Bank

IDDM

Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

IDP

*Internally displaced person

IDRC

International Development Research Centre (Canada)

IDRM

International Institute for Disaster Risk Management

IDRO

International Disaster Relief Operation

IDTR&M

Identification, documentation, tracing, reunification and mediation

IDWIP

International Decade of the World’s Indigenous Peoples

IEA

International Energy Agency

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission

IEDD

Improvised explosive device disposal

IFAD

International Fund for Agricultural Development (UN)

IFCT

International Forum for Counter-Terrorism

IFF

Identification – friend or foe (radar identity system)

IFFIm

International Finance Facility for Immunisation

IFHHRO

International Federation of Health and Human Rights Organisa­tions

IFMSA

*International Federation of Medical Students’ Associations

IFPMA

International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations

IFRC

*International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

IFSC

*International Federation of Surgical Colleges

IFUW

International Federation of University Women

IGCC

Intergovernmental Group on *Climate Change

IGO

Intergovernmental organization

IHEID

Institut de Hautes Etudes Internationales et du Développement / The *Graduate Institute, Geneva

IHEU

International Humanist and Ethical Union

IHF

International Hospital Federation

IHL

*International humanitarian law

IHR

*International Health Regulations (2005)

IIHL

International Institute of Humanitarian Law

IISEE

International Institute of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering

IIWF

International Independent Women’s Forum

ILA

International Law Association

ILC

International Law Commission

ILO

*International Labour Organization (UN)

ILOS

In-patient length of stay (in hospital)

IMARSAT

International Maritime Satellite Organization (also INMARSAT)

IMC

International Medical Corps

IMCO

International Maritime Consultative Organization (UN)

IMF

*International Monetary Fund

IMO

International Maritime Organization

IMPACT

*International Medical Products Anti-Counterfeiting Taskforce

IMPATT

Impact avalanche transit time

IMRA

Independent Media Review and Analysis

IMSAR

International Maritime Search and Rescue Plan

in

Inch

INADES

Institut Africain pour le Développement Economique et Social

INCB

International Narcotics Control Board

INES

*International Nuclear Event Scale

INF

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces

INFDC

International Nutrition Foundation for Developing Countries

INFOTERRA

Sources of technical, scientific and decision-oriented information

INMARSAT

International Maritime Satellite Organization (also IMARSAT)

INPEA

International Network for Prevention of Elder Abuse

INRUD

International Network for the Rational Use of Drugs

INSARAG

International Search and Rescue Advisory Group

INSTRAW

International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (UN)

INTELSAT

International Telecom­munications Satellite Consortium

Interpol

International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO)

INTERSPUTNIK

International Organi­zation of Space Communications

IOM

*International Organization for Migration

IPA

International Paediatric Association

IPB

International Peace Bureau (Geneva)

IPC

International Polar Commission

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on *Climate Change

IPCS

*International Programme on Chemical Safety (WHO-UNEP)

IPEC

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour

IPI

International Press Institute

IPO

Indigenous peoples’ organization

IPPF

International Planned Parenthood Federation

IPPNW

*International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

IPRAS

International Confederation for Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery

IPT

Isoniazid preventive therapy

IPU

Inter-Parliamentary Union

IPV

Inactivated polio vaccine

IRC

International Rescue Committee

IRENE

Informal Regional Network of NGOs

IRP

*International Recovery Platform

IRPTC

International Register of Potentially Toxic Chemicals

IRR

Incidence rate ratio

IRS

Indoor residual spraying

ISBI

International Society for Burn Injuries

ISDR

*International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN)

ISIS

International Satellite for Ionospheric Studies

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISS

International Social Service / SSI

ISTC

International Standards for Tuberculosis Care

ITACCS

International Trauma Anaesthesia Critical Care Society

ITIC

International Tsunami Information Center (Honolulu)

ITN

Insecticide-treated mosquito net

ITU

*International Telecom­munication Union (UN)

Intensive therapy unit (also ICU)

IUD

Intra-uterine device (for contraception)

IV (i.v.)

Medicine: Intravenous

IWGIA

International Working Group for Indigenous Affairs

IWTC

International Women’s Tribune Centre

J

J

joule

JCWI

Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants

JDR

Japan Disaster Relief

JFAM

Joint Food Needs Assessment Mission (WFP/UNHCR)

JICA

*Japan International Cooperation Agency

JMTDR

*Japan Medical Team for Disaster Relief

K

kcal

*Kilocalorie (energy unit)

KCSJ

Knight Commander of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem (also KSJ, Knights Hospitaller)

*Kerma

Kinetic energy released in matter

KFOR

Multinational Kosovo Force

Kg

Kilogram (or kilogramme)

KKK

Ku Klux Klan (US)

Km

*Kilometre or kilometer (also km)

Kt

*Kiloton

kw

*Kilowatt

L

LA

Lead Agency

LANDSAT

Earth Resources Technology Satellite

*Laser

Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation

LAV

Light armoured vehicle

lb

*Pound

LCT

Landing craft tank

LDC

*Least-developed countries

LD-50

Median lethal dose

LDF

Local development fund

LHRD

Lawyers for Human Rights and Development

LIFDC

Low-income, food-deficit country

LLITN

Long-lasting insecticide-treated net (against malaria). Also LLIN

LMIC

Low- and middle-income countries

LPG

Liquified petroleum gas

LSHTM

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

LTSH

Land-side transport, storage and handling

LWR

Lutheran World Relief

LWS

Lutheran World Service

M

m

*Metre or meter

MAD

Military: Mutual assured destruction

M&E

Monitoring and evaluation

MAIC

Mine Action Information Center (see ICBL)

MAROTS

Maritime orbital test satellite

MARS

Major accident reporting system

MASCAL

*Mass casualty

MASH

Mobile army surgical hospital

MBC

*Mediterranean Council for Burns and Fire Disasters /

*Euro-Mediterranean Council for Burns and Fire Disasters

MCDA

Military and civil defence assets

MCH

Mother and child health

MCI

*Mass casualty incident

MCO

Managed care organization

MDG(s)

UN Millennium Development Goal(s)

*Millennium Development Goal(s)

MDM

Médecins du Monde / Doctors of the World

MDTF

Multi-donor trust fund

MDR

Multidrug resistant disease (see also XDR)

Multidrug resistant

MDR-TB

Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (with isoniazid and rifampicin resistance)

MDS

Maritime Distress and Safety System

MEDICS

Medical Information and Coordination System

MEDINT

Medical intelligence

MEDLARS

Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System

MEDLINE

Medical Literature Online (NLM)

MERLIN

Medical Emergency Relief International

METEOSAT

Meteorological Satellite, Europe

METTAG

Medical emergency triage tag

Medical Emergency *Triage Tag

MFI

*Microfinance institution

*Mg

Milligramme or milligram (also mg)

MHI

*Major hazard installation

MI5

British counter-intelligence agency

MI6

British intelligence and espionage agency

MIC

Methyl isocyanate (*Bhopal disaster of 1984)

MIDAS

Missile Defense Alarm System

MIM

Multilateral Initiative on Malaria (in Africa)

MINURCAT

UN Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad

MINUSTAH

UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti

MIRV

Multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicle

MISP

Minimum initial service package

MMEIG

Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-agency Group

MMR

Measles-mumps-rubella (vaccine)

Maternal mortality rate/ratio

MMI

*Medicus Mundi International

MMV

Medicines for Malaria Venture

MNT

Maternal and neonatal tetanus

MONUC

Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (UN)

MOF

*Multiple organ failure

MOH

Ministry of Health

MOTAPM

Explosive remnants of war and mines other than anti-personnel landmines

MoU

Memorandum of understanding

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging (body scan)

MRSA

Methicillin-resistant Staphylo­coccus aureus

MSAC

*Most seriously affected countries

MSF

*Médecins sans Frontières / Doctors Without Borders

MSH

Management sciences for health

MSW

Medical social worker

Mt

*Megaton

MT

Metric tonne

MTA

*Medicines Transparency Alliance

MTE

Mass toxicological event

MTF

Medical treatment facility

MUAC

Medicine: Mid-upper-arm circum­ference

MW

Megawatt

N

NAICC

National Aborigine and Islander Child Care (Australia)

*Napalm

Aluminium naphthenate – aluminium palmitite (weapon)

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (USA)

NATO

*North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Nazi

(German): Nazional-sozialisten

NC

Nuremberg Charter

NCBW

Nuclear, chemical and biological warfare (or weapon)

NCD

Noncommunicable disease

NCHS

National Centre for Health Statistics

NDP

National drug policy

NFI

Non-food item

NFZ

Nuclear-free zone

NGLS

*United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service

NGO

*Non-governmental organization

NGS

Nuclear generating station

NHDP

National Health Development Plan

NHS

National Health Service

NIH

Nationl Institutes of Health

NIS

Newly Independent State(s)

NNHT

Nuffield Nursing Homes Trust (UK)

NNT

Nuclear Non-prolferation Treaty (also NPT)

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NORAD

Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation

North American Air Defense Command

NPA

Norwegian Peoples’ Aid

NPC

National Programme Coordinator (WHO)

*NPT

Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

NRC

Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US)

NRDS

Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome

NRO

National Reconnaissance Office (USA)

*NRT

Net registered tonnage

NTD

*Neglected tropical disease(s)

NTP

National tuberculosis control programme (or equivalent)

NWC

National WHO Programme Coordinator

NWFZ

Nuclear-weapons-free zone

NYD

Medicine: Not yet diagnosed

O

OAS

Organization of American States

OAU

Organization of African Unity. (Changed to AU: African Union)

OCHA

*Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN)

ODA

Official development assistance

Overseas Development Agency

ODCCP

Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention / UN

ODI

Overseas Development Institute (UK)

OECD

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OFDA

*Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (USA)

OHA

Office for Humanitarian Affairs (WFP)

*OHCHR

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights ( also HCHR, UNHCHR)

OHRLLS

Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States

OIE

Office International des Epizooties (WOAH)

OMAEP

World Organization for Parental Education Associations /Organisation mondiale des Associations pour l’Education parentale

OMCT

Organisation mondiale contre la Torture / World Organization Against Torture / SOS Torture

*OPCAT

*Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture

OPCW

Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

OPV

Oral polio vaccine

OR

Surgical: Operating room

ORS

*Oral rehydration salts

ORSEC

Disaster relief organization, France

OSCAL

Office of the Special Coordinator for Africa and the Least Developed Countries/DESA

OSCAR

Orbital Satellites Carrying Amateur Radio

OSCC

On-site operations coordinating centre

OSCE

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

OSRO

Office of Special Relief Operations

OST

Office of Science and Technology (USA)

*Outer Space Treaty

OVC

Orphans and vulnerable children

OWRA

Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement (USA)

OXFAM*

*Oxford Committee for Famine Relief International

P

Pa

*Pascal

PADCO

Planning and Development Collaborative International

PAHO

Pan American Health Organi­zation *(WHO)

PAM

Programme Alimentaire Mondial – *World Food Programme (UN)

Pap

Medicine: vernacular abbreviation for Papanicolaou cervical test

PAR

Population at risk

PASB

Pan American Sanitary Bureau (PAHO)

PATH

Programme for *Appropriate Technology in Health

PC

Peace Corps

PCI

Project Concern International

PCM

*Protein-calorie malnutrition

PCNA

Post-conflict needs assessment

PEC/WHO

*Polio, Emergencies and Country Collaboration/WHO

PEM

Protein-energy malnutrition

PEPFAR

(USA) President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief

PERT

Programme evaluation and review technique

PET

Potential evapotranspiration

Positron emission tomography

P4P

Policy for planning

PFII

Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

PHC

*Primary health care

PHM

*Prehospital medicine

*People’s Health Movement

PHR

Physicians for Human Rights

PID

Pelvic inflammatory disease

PIK

Payment in kind

PIU

Policy intelligence unit

PLS

Prolonged life support (anaes­thesia)

PMDF

Proportion of maternal deaths among females of reproductive age

PMSC

*Private military and security company

PNND

Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament

PNP

Private non-profit

p.o.

Medicine: per os – by mouth

POMR

Problem-oriented medical record

POP

Fractures/orthopaedics: Plaster of Paris

POW

*Prisoner of war or prisoner-of-war

PPE

Personal protective equipment

PPH

Post-partum haemorrhage

*Pro-poor health strategy

PPM

Public-private mix

PPP

Purchasing power parity

PQMD

Partnership for Quality Medical Donations

PRD/S

Post-resuscitation disease/syndrome

*PRISM

*Prognostic risk of mortality

PROGRESA

Programa de Educaciòn, Salud y Alimentaciòn

PRRO

Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (WFP)

PRS

*Poverty reduction strategy

PSI

*Population Services International

PSR

Physicians for Social Responsibility

PTA

Travel: prepaid ticket authorization

Parent-Teacher Association

PTSS

Programme and Technical Support Section (UNHCR)

*Post-traumatic stress syndrome

PTWC

Pacific *Tsunami Warning Center (Honolulu)

PUO

Pyrexia (fever) of unknown origin

PVO(s)

Private and voluntary organization(s)

Q

QAP

Quick action project

Quake

Vernacular abbreviation for earthquake

Quakers

Friends World Committee for Consultation (Quakers)

QALE

*Quality-adjusted life expectancy

QALY(s)

*Quality-adjusted life year(s)

R

RA

*Radium

RACES

Radio Amateur Civil Engineering Service

*rad

Radiation absorbed dose (replaced by gray – Gy)

*Radar

Radio detection and ranging

RAMOS

Reproductive age mortality studies

RAP

*Rapid Assessment Protocol

R&D

Research and development

RBC/rbc

Medicine: red blood cells

RBM

Roll Back *Malaria Partnership (WHO)

RC

*Red Cross

RCPSC

*Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

RCRC

*Red Cross and Red Crescent (ICRC)

RCT

Randomized controlled trial

RDF

Rapid Deployment Force (USA)

READI

Euro-Arab Network of NGOs for Development and Integration

REC

Regional Economic Community

Radda Barnen

Swedish Save the Children Organization

Redd Barna

Norwegian Save the Children Organization

*rem

Roentgen equivalent man

REMPAN

Radiation Emergency Medical Preparedness and Assistance Network

Res Rep

Resident Representative (of UNDP)

R2P

Right to *protection

Rh

Medicine: Rhesus factor

RH

Reproductive health

RHIB

Rigid-hulled inflatable boat

RI

*Refugees International

Ro-ro

Roll on/roll off (ferry)

RT

Register ton

RUTF

Ready-to-use therapeutic food

S

s

Second

S&T

Science and technology / scientific and technological

SAA

Small arms ammunition

SAAFA

Special Arab Assistance Fund for Africa

SAARC

Southern African Association for Regional Cooperation

SAB

Skilled attendant at birth (as a proportion of total live births)

SADC

Southern African Development Community

SAFE

Surgery, antibiotics, facial cleanliness and environmental improvement

SAGE

Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (on immunization),(WHO)

SAILD

Service d’Appui aux Initiatives Locales de Développement

SALT

*Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty

SAM

Severe acute malnutrition

Surface-to-air *missile

SAMU

French EMS: Service d’Assistance Médicale d’Urgence

SAR

*Search and rescue

SARAH

Search and rescue and homing (radar system)

SAREC

Swedish Agency for Research Cooperation with Developing Countries

SARS

*Severe acute respiratory syndrome

SARSAT-COPAS

Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking

SATURN

Specific Antibiotic Therapies on the prevalence of human host-resistant bacteria

SBA

Standby arrangement(s)

SCF(I)

Save the Children Fund (International)

SCHR

Steering Committee for Humanitarian Response

Scuba

Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus

SDC

*Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation

SDE

Sustainable Development and Healthy Environments Cluster (WHO)

SDI

*Strategic Defense Initiative (“Star Wars”)

SDR

Swiss Association for Aid to Developing Countries (SWISSAID)

SEA

Sexual exploitation and abuse

SEARO

Regional Office for South-East Asia (WHO)

SEATO

South East Asia Treaty Organization

SEEHN

South-Eastern Europe Health Network

SERPAJ

Servicio Paz y Justicia (Uruguay)

SFB

*Soya-fortified bulgur

SFCM

*Soya-fortified cornmeal

SFP/C

*Supplementary feeding programme / centre

SFSG

*Soya-fortified sorghum grits

SGBV

Sexual and gender-based violence

SHAPE

Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (NATO)

SHARED

Scientists for Health and Research for Development

SI

Système International d’Unités (International System of Units)

SIAMED

WHO model system for computer-assisted drug registration

SID

*Society for International Development

SIDA

Swedish International Development Authority

SIPRI

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

SITREP

Situation report

SIW

Self-inflicted wound

SKI

Street Kids International (Canada)

SLBM

Submarine-launched ballistic missile

SLCM

Submarine-launched cruise missile

*SMS/GOES

Synchronous Meteorolo­gical Satellites / *Global-observing environmental satellites

SOLAS

International Conference for the *Safety of Life at Sea

SONAR

Sound navigation and ranging

SORT

Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty

SOS

Save our souls (distress signal)

*Surgeons OverSeas

SOST

SOS *Torture

Soweto

South-Western Townships (South Africa)

SP

*The Sphere Project

Samaritan’s Purse

SPFS

Special Programme for Food Security

SRAM

Short-range attack missile

SRS

Strategic rotating stockpile

SSSL

Safe Surgery Saves Lives (WHO programme)

*START

*Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty

Simple treatment and rapid transport system

STD

*Sexually transmitted disease(s)

SUMA

Supply management for disaster relief (PAHO-WHO)

Sv

*Sievert – unit of radiation dose

SWAps

*Sector-wide approaches

SWAPO

South West Africa People’s Organization

SWEAT

*Severe weather threat (WMO)

SWISSAID

*Swiss association for aid to developing countries (SDC)

T

TA

Transnational Authority

TAB

Total absorbed dose (of radiation)

TAG

Technical Advisory Group

TAT

Toxin antitoxin

TB/Tb

*Tuberculosis

TB/DOTS

Directly observed treatment short course for tuberculosis

TBA

*Traditional birth attendant

TBSA

Total *body surface area (in burn injury)

TCAM

*Traditional, complementary and alternative medicine

TCDC

*Technical cooperation among developing countries

TdH

Fédération Internationale Terre des Hommes

TDR

Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (UNDP/WHO/World Bank)

TEKT

*Technology enabled knowledge translation

Telex

Teleprinter exchange

TF(s)

Trust fund(s)

TFP/C

*Therapeutic feeding programme/centre

TFR

Total fertility rate

TI

*Transparency International

TIR

Transport International Routier/International Road Transport

TISS

Tata Institute of Social Sciences (India)

TMI

*Three Mile Island (nuclear accident, USA)

TNM

Tumour (size), node (involvement), metastasis (in cancer classification)

*TNT

*2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (chemical explosive)

TOKTEN

Transfer of knowledge through expatriate nationals

TRC

*Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa

TRISS

*Trauma and injury severity score

TS

*Trauma score (AMA)

Tidal scale

TSK

Transitional shelter kit

U

U

*Uranium

U3A

University of the Third Age

UAM

*Unaccompanied minor

UCI

Universal child immunization

UER/EBU

Union Européenne de Radiodiffusion / European Broadcasting Union

UFO

Unidentified flying object

UHS

Uncontrolled haemorrhagic shock

UHT

Ultra-high heat treated (e.g. milk)

UMCOR

United Methodist Committee on Relief

*UN

*United Nations, United Nations Organization

UNA(s)

United Nations Association(s)

UNAIDS

United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS

UNCAC

United Nations Convention Against *Corruption

UNCAST

United Nations Conference on the Applications of Science and Technology

UNCCD

United Nations Convention to Combat *Desertification

UNCED

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

UNCHR

*United Nations Council on Human Rights (previously Commission)

UNCHS

*United Nations Centre for Human Settlements – HABITAT

UNCIVPOL

*United Nations Civil Police

UNCLOS

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

UNCT

United Nations Country Team

UNCTAD

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNCSTD

United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development

UNDAF

United Nations Development Assistance Framework

UNDEF

*United Nations Democracy Fund

UNDHR

*Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UNDP

*United Nations Development Programme

UNDPKO

*United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations

UNDRO

Office of the UN Disaster Relief Coordinator (superseded by *OCHA)

UNEP

*United Nations Environment Programme

UNERC

*United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator

UNESCAP

*UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (also ESCAP)

*UNESCO

*United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNFCCC

*United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UNFICYP

United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus

UNFPA

*United Nations Fund for Population Activities/UN Population Fund

UN-HABITAT

*United Nations Centre for Human Settlements

UNHCHR

*United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (also OHCHR)

UNHCR

*United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNHMH

United Nations Humanitarian Mission in Haiti

UNHRD

United Nations Humanitarian Response Depot (Brindisi)

UNIC(s)

United Nations Information Centre(s)

UNICEF

*United Nations Children’s Fund

UNICRI

United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute

UNIDIR

*United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

UNIFEM

United Nations Development Fund for Women

UNIFIL

United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon

UNIMAS

United Nations *Mine Action Service

UNIPAC

*UNICEF Procurement and Assembly Centre (Copenhagen *stockpile)

UNIRENE

United Nations Informal Regional Network of NGOs

UNISDR

*UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (OCHA)

UNITAID

*UN International facility for purchase of diagnostics and drugs for tuberculosis, AIDS and malaria

UNITAR

United Nations Institute for Training and Research

UNMIK

United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo

UNODC

*United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

UNOG

*United Nations Office at Geneva

UNON

*United Nations Office at Nairobi

UNOOSA

United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs

UNOV

*United Nations Office at Vienna

UNPFII

United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

UNPROFOR

United Nations Protection Force

UNRCA

United Nations Registry of Conventional Arms

UNRISD

United Nations Research Institute for Social Development

UNRWA

*United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East

UNSCEAR

*United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation

UNSCP

United Nations Special Committee on Palestine

UNSECOORD

UN Security Coordinator (New York)

UNSO

*United Nations Sudano-Sahelian Office

UN-SPIDER

United Nations Platform for Space-Based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response

UNU

*United Nations University

UNV

United Nations Volunteers

UNVFVT

UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture

UNW

United Nations Women

UNWGIP

UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations

UP

United Press

UPI

United Press International

URI/URTI

Upper respiratory (tract) infection

USAID

United States Agency for International Development (also AID)

UTC

*Universal Time Consolidated

UXO/UXB

Unexploded ordnance/unexploded bomb

UXOCE

UXO Center of Excellence

V

VD

*Venereal disease(s)

VDRL

Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (for syphilis test)

VECTOR

State Research Centre of Virology and Biotechnology (Russia, variola)

VHF

Very high frequency (radio)

VITA

Volunteers in Technical Assistance Inc.

VLBW

Very low birth weight

VNGOC

Vienna NGO Committee on Narcotic Drugs

VOICE

Voluntary Organisations in Cooperation for Emergencies

VOLAG

*Voluntary agency

VR

Vital registration

W

W

*Watt

WADEM

*World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine

WAPS

World Alliance for *Patient Safety (WHO)

WASH

*Water, sanitation and hygiene

WBC

White blood cells

WCC

*World Council of Churches

WCED

*World Commission on Environment and Development

WCRWC

Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children

WEFAX

Weather facsimile communications system

WES

Water and environmental sanitation

WFC

World Food Council

WFH

Weight for height (nutrition survey)

WFNS

World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies

WFP

*World Food Programme (UN)

WFSOS

World Federation of Surgical Oncology Societies

WFSW

World Federation of Scientific Workers

WHA

*World Health Assembly (of WHO)

WHO

*World Health Organization

WHODAS

WHO Disability Assessment Schedule

*WHOPAX

WHO Committee on the role of physicians in the preservation and promotion of peace

WIA

Wounded in action

WIDER

*World Institute for Develop­ment Economics Research (UNU)

WILPF

Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom

WINGS

WFP Information Network and Global System

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization (UN)

WJC

World Jewish Congress

WLM

Women’s Liberation Movement

WMA

*World Medical Association

WMD(s)

*Weapon(s) of mass destruction

WMO

*World Meteorological Organization (UN)

WOAH

World Association for Animal Health (OIE)

WOAT

World Organisation Against *Torture (SOS Torture)

WOFAPS

World Federation of Associations of Paediatric Surgeons

WOH

*World Open Hospital (*IAHM)

WOSM

World Organization of the *Scout Movement (boy scouts/girl guides)

WPA

World Psychiatric Association

WPC

WHO Programme Coordinator

WPRO

Regional Office for the Western Pacific (WHO)

WR

*WHO representative

WRO (w.r.o.)

(Commerce/insurance) war risks only

WSB

*Wheat-soya blend

WSM

*Wheat-soya milk

WSSD

World Summit on *Sustainable Development

WTO

World Trade Organization

WUS

World University Service

WV

*World Vision International

WWF

*World Wide Fund for Nature International (formerly World Wildlife Fund)

WWSSN

World-Wide Standard Seismography Network

WWW

*World Weather Watch (WMO)

www

World Wide Web

X

XDR

Extensively drug-resistant disease

XDR-TB

Tuberculosis caused by MDR strains also resistant to fluoroquinolone

Y

Y

Young Men’s/Women’s Christian Association (formerly YMCA, YWCA)

YLDs

Year(s) lost due to disability

YOB

Year of birth

YPLL

Year(s) of potential life lost

Z

ZEG

Zero economic growth

ZMK

Zentrum für Meeres- und Klimaforschung / Centre for Ocean and Climate Research, Germany

ZPG

Zero population growth

ZT

Zulu Time (see *Greenwich Mean Time)

ZZ

*Zone zero

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.La PanetièreInternational Association for Humanitarian MedicineBogis-BosseySwitzerland

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