Critical Evaluation of the Periorbital Aesthetic Patient

  • Jeremiah P. TaoEmail author
  • Betina Wachter
  • Steven Yoon


The periorbital aesthetic evaluation requires a structured approach. The assessment may be subdivided to the following units: (1) orbitoskeleton and globe, (2) the forehead and upper eyelid complex, and (3) the lower eyelid and midface complex. It is imperative to recognize the interrelationships and continuity of these structures. Underlying anatomy should be correlated to physical findings. Eyelid and facial dynamic function are important in the assessment. The exam should also include palpation and digital repositioning. Patient involvement and dialogue is vital and a mirror is a helpful tool. With an organized evaluation, a customized approach can be offered and optimal functional and aesthetic surgical results can be achieved.


Lower Eyelid Frontalis Muscle Meibomian Gland Dysfunction Eyelid Retraction Corrugator Supercilii 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Oculoplastic Surgery, Department of OphthalmologyUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA

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