The Beautiful Eye: Perception of Beauty in the Periocular Area

  • Adam G. Buchanan
  • John B. HoldsEmail author
  • John B. Holds


Appearances of the eye and periocular region are essential features of the face which are significant to the perception of facial beauty. The general concepts of symmetry, averageness, and feature size, provide the framework upon which the oculofacial surgeon assesses and can then plan surgical intervention on specific periocular anatomic features. Skin quality, as well as the proportions of the eyelids, brows, and midface, must be evaluated, with consideration given to patient age, ethnicity, gender, and expectations. A working knowledge of what is perceived as beautiful in the periocular area is critical to the successful evaluation, counseling, and management of patients with cosmetic eyelid and periorbital concerns.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adam G. Buchanan
    • 1
  • John B. Holds
    • 2
    Email author
  • John B. Holds
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyMadigan Army Medical CenterTacomaUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology Head and Neck SurgerySt. Louis University School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA
  3. 3.Ophthalmic Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery, Inc.St. Louis University School of MedicineDes PeresUSA

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