Surgical Anatomy of the Forehead, Eyelids, and Midface for the Aesthetic Surgeon

  • Kevin S. Tan
  • Sang-Rog Oh
  • Ayelet Priel
  • Bobby S. Korn
  • Don O. KikkawaEmail author


The eyes are probably our most important sensory organ, and eyelid surgery is one of the most common aesthetic procedures performed today. As such, it is incumbent upon the eyelid surgeon to become familiar and gain experience with all aspect of eyelid surgery. This begins with a detailed knowledge of the anatomic structures of the eyelid and periorbital area. These units act in consort, and any manipulation of one will affect the other. An understanding of this interrelationship is critical, as it will promote successful outcomes to surgery and help prevent potential complications.


Frontalis Muscle Orbicularis Muscle Orbital Septum Tarsal Plate Levator Aponeurosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin S. Tan
    • 1
  • Sang-Rog Oh
    • 1
  • Ayelet Priel
    • 2
  • Bobby S. Korn
    • 1
  • Don O. Kikkawa
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology, Shiley Eye CenterUniversity of CaliforniaLa Jolla, San DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Ophthalmology, Shiley Eye CenterUniversity of CaliforniaSan Diego, La JollaUSA

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