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Radiothermoluminescence as a Method of Analysis of Transitions in Polymers

  • Lev Zlatkevich
Chapter
Part of the Polymers Properties and Applications book series (POLYMERS, volume 12)

Abstract

The general mechanism of radiothermoluminescence in both inorganic and organic materials consists of ionization within the material by the incident radiation, with trapping of some of the resulting ions if the temperature is low enough. Subsequent warming promotes recombination of the ions and thus formation of neutral excited molecules, which, in some cases, return to the ground state by radiative emission. However, the mechanism of electron release from the traps appears to be very different in ionic crystals from what it is in molecular solids. In ionic crystals, in fact, it is believed that the activation energy is imparted to the electron, permitting it to escape from a trap which continues to exist. By contrast, the activation energy in organic solids probably serves to destroy the trap and thus to liberate the negative charge.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lev Zlatkevich
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Technological InstituteNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA

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