The Application of Mass Spectrometry to the Study of Nitroaniline-Derived Herbicides

  • Jack R. Plimmer
  • Ute I. Klingebiel
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 4)


Substituted dinitroaniline herbicides are increasing in economic importance. For example, trifluralin (α,α,α-trifluoro-2,6- dinitro-N-N-dipropyl-p-toluidine)is used extensively on soybeans and cotton in the southeastern, midwestern, and southern areas of the United States. Estimated production volume in 1971was 25 million pounds compared with 90 million pounds of atrazine [4-chloro-2-(ethylamino)-6-(isopropylamino)-s-triazine and 45 million pounds of 2,4-0 (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid). These two were the only herbicides to exceed the production volume of trifluralin. Related dinitroaniline herbicides are in commercial production and several members of this class are being developed. The structural formulae of a nmnber of dinitroaniline herbicides are shown in Figure 1.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jack R. Plimmer
    • 1
  • Ute I. Klingebiel
    • 1
  1. 1.Agricultural Environmental Quality InstituteAgricultural Research Center-West, USDABeltsvilleUSA

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