Advertisement

NMR Studies of Preferentially Oriented Water at Interfaces

  • D. E. Woessner
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 4)

Abstract

The hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrum of bulk liquid water is a single, narrow line. This narrow singlet spectrum is observed because the molecules have rapid rotational and translational motions together with random orientations in the magnetic field of the spectrometer. However, the water molecule is somewhat electrically non-spherical and, as has been shown1, instantaneous local order of molecular position and orientation does exist in the liquid. The rapid molecular motions result in a random average orientation if a given molecule is observed for even a short time interval such as 10-10 second.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    A.H. Narten, J. Chem. Phys., 56, 5681 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Ducros, Bull. Soc. Franc. Mineral. Crist 83, 85 (1960).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A.M. Hecht, M. Dupont, and P. Ducros, Bull. Soc. Franc. Mineral. Crist. 89, 6 (1966).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D.E. Woessner and B.S. Snowden, Jr., J. Colloid Interface Sci. 30, 54 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    D.E. Woessner and B.S. Snowden, Jr., J. Chem. Phys. 50, 1516 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A.M. Hecht and E. Geissler, J. Colloid Interface. Sci. 34, 32 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A.G. Brekhunets, V.V. Mank, F.D. Ovcharenko, Z.E. Suyunova, and Yu. I. Tarasevich, Teoret. i Eksp. Khim. 6, 523 (1970).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.J.C. Berendsen, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 3297 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. Migchelsen and H.J.C. Berendsen, in Magnetic Resonance and Relaxation (North-Holland publ. Co., Amsterdam, 1967), p. 761.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R.E. Dehl and C.A.J. Hoeve, J. Chem. Phys. 50, 3245 (1969).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Charvolin and P. Rigny, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. (Paris) B269, 224 (1969).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. Blinc, K. Easwaran, J. Pirs, M. Volfan, and I. Zupancic, Phys. Rev. Letters 25, 1327 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    C. Migchelsen, H.J.C. Berendsen, and A. Rupprecht, J. Mol. Biol. 37, 235 (1968).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L.J. Lynch and A.R. Haly, Kolloid-Z. 239, 581 (1970).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    R.E. Dehl, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 831 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    D.E. Woessner and B.S. Snowden,Jr., Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 204, 113 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    K.D. Lawson and T.J. Flautt, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 89, 5489 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. Johansson and T. Drakenberg, Mol. Cryst. and Liquid Cryst. 14, 23 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. vanOlphen, An Introduction to Clay Colloid Chemistry (Interscience Publishers, New York, 1963), Chap. 6.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. Abragam, The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism (Oxford University Press, London, 1961), Chap. 7.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    D.E. Woessner, B.S. Snowden,Jr., and G.H. Meyer, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 34, 43 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    D.E. Woessner, B.S. Snowden, Jr., and G.H. Meyer, J. Chem. Phys. 51, 2968 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    W. Yost, Diffusion in Solids, Liquids, and Gases (Academic Press, Inc., New York, 1952), p. 45.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    W.R. Foster, J.G. Savins, and J.M. Waite, Clays and Clay Minerals 3, 296 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    R.C. Rouston, J.A. Kittrick, and E.H. Hope, Soil Sci. 113, 167 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    S. Olejnik and J.W. White, Nature Phys. Sci. 236, 15 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J.P. Quirk and L.A.G. Aylmore, Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. Proc. 35, 652 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    L.G. Schultz, Clays and Clay Minerals 17, 115 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. C.Davidtz, Ph.D. thesis, Purdue University, 1968.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    W. Drost-Hansen, Ind. and Eng. Chem. 61, no. 11, 10 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. E. Woessner
    • 1
  1. 1.Mobil Research and Development CorporationDallasUSA

Personalised recommendations