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Investigation of the Ion-Binding Properties of Tactic Poly(Methacrylic Acids) Using Terbium (III) Ion as a Fluorescent Probe

  • Hannia Luján-Upton
  • Yoshiyuki Okamoto
Chapter

Abstract

The lanthanides have fourteen 4ƒ electrons successively added to the lanthanum, La, configuration. These elements are highly electropositive and form a very stable tripositive cation, Ln3+, as their primary oxidation state. The radius of these ions decrease with increasing atomic number in a trend known as the lanthanide contraction. The elements are highly electropositive because the sum of the first three ionization enthalpies is relatively low. They easily form +3 ions in solids, such as oxides, and in complexes while existing as [Ln(H2O)n]3+ in aqueous solution. Other oxidation states are also possible, for example, Ce4+, Sm2+, Eu 2+, and Yb2+ are all stable in aqueous solutions and in solids.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hannia Luján-Upton
    • 1
  • Yoshiyuki Okamoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and the Polymer Research InstitutePolytechnic UniversityBrooklynUSA

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