Infections of the Newborn

  • Melvin I. Marks
Part of the Comprehensive Manuals in Pediatrics book series (CM PEDIATRICS)


Newborns are special! They are exposed to several diverse environments during their intrauterine, perinatal, and postnatal lives. Because of this, and their relatively immature state of physical and immunological development, they have infectious disease problems that deserve special emphasis. In fact, there are textbooks exclusively devoted to infectious diseases of the fetus and newborn. Do not worry, this chapter will not attempt to be comprehensive in every detail, but rather focus on the commonest problems.


Necrotizing Enterocolitis Neonatal Sepsis Rubella Virus Neonatal Infection Congenital Infection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Aase JM, Noren GR, Reddy DV, et al.: Mumps–virus infection in pregnant women and the immunologic response of their offspring. N Engl J Med 286: 1379–1382, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Abedin M, Kirkpatrick CH: Immunosuppressive activity of cord blood leukocytes. Pediatrics 66: 405–410, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ablow RC, Driscoll SG, Effmann EL, et al.: A Comparison of early–onset group B streptococcal neonatal infection and the respiratory–distress syndrome of the newborn. N Engl J Med 294: 65–70, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Adam E, Kaufman RH, Mirkovic RR: Persistence of virus shedding in asymp–tomatic women after recovery from herpes genitalis. Obstet Gynecol 54: 171–173, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Adams G, Stover BH, Keenlyside RA, et al.: Nosocomial herpetic infections in a pediatric intensive care unit. Am J Epidemiol 113: 126–132, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Adams HG, Benson EA, Alexander R, et al.: Genital herpetic infection in men and women: clinical course and effect of topical application of adenine arabinoside. J Infect Dis 133:SA151–159, 1976.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Adams S: Neonatal infection by herpes virus hominis type II: a complication of intrapartum fetal monitoring. Clin Res 23: 69A, 1975.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Adler SP, Chandrika T, Berman WF: Clostridium difficile associated with pseudomembranous colitis. Am J Dis Child 135: 820–822, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Adler SP, Chandrika T, Lawrence L, et al.: Cytomegalovirus infections in neonates acquired by blood transfusions. Pediatr Infect Dis 2: 114–118, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ahlfors K, Forsgren M, Ivarsson S-A, et al.: Congenital cytomegalovirus infection: on the relation between type and time of maternal infection and infant’s symptoms. Scand J Infect Dis 15: 129–138, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ainbender E, Cabatu EE, Guzman DM, et al.: Serum C–reactive protein and problems of newborn infants. J Pediatr 101: 438–440, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Alexander ER, Harrison HR: Role of Chlamydia trachomatis in perinatal infection. Rev Infect Dis 5: 713–719, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Alpert G, Plotkin SA: Recurrent conjunctivitis in neonatal herpes infection. Pediatr Infect Dis 2: 311–312, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Al–Salihi FL, Curran JP, Shteir OA: Occurrence of fetal syphilis after a nonreactive early gestational serologic test. J Pediatr 78: 121–123, 1971.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Altshuler G: Pathogenesis of congenital herpesvirus infection. Am J Dis Child 127: 427–429, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Alven G, Bergqvist G, Bolme P, et al.: Longterm follow–up of neonatal septicemia. Acta Pediatr Scand 67: 769–773, 1978.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Amendoeira MRR, Coutinho SG: Toxic–shock syndrome an epidemiologist’s view. J Infect Dis 145: 588–589, 1982.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Anagnostakis D, Fitsialos J, Koutsia C, et al.: A nursery outbreak of Serratia marcescens infection. Evidence of a single source of contamination. Am J Dis Child 135: 413–414, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Anagnostakis D, Kamba A, Petrochilou U, et al.: Risk of infection associated with umbilical vein catheterization a prospective study in 75 newborn infants. J Pediatr 86: 759, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Anas N, Boettrich C, Hall CB, et al.: The association of apnea and respiratory syncytial virus infection in infants. J Pediatr 101: 65–68, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ansari BM, Mason MK: Chromosomal abnormality in congenital rubella. Pediatrics 59: 13–15, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Anthony BF: Carriage of group B Streptococci during pregnancy: a puzzler. J Infect Dis 145: 789–793, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Armstrong JH, Zacarias F, Rein MF: Ophthalmia neonatorum: a chart review. Pediatrics 57: 884–892, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Arvin AM, Feldman S, Merigan TC: Human leukocyte interferon in the treatment of varicella in children with cancer: a preliminary controlled trial. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 13: 605–607, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Arvin AM, Yeager AS, Bruhn FW, et al.: Neonatal herpes simplex infection in the absence of mucocutaneous lesions. J Pediatr 100: 715–721, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Auckenthaler R, Hermans PE, Washington II JA: Group G streptococcal bacteremia: clinical study and review of the literature. Rev Infect Dis 5:196– 204, 1983.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Av Ruskin TW, Brakin M, Juan C: Congenital rubella and myxedema. Pediatrics 69: 495–496, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Aziz EM: Fetal ascites secondary to congenital syphilis. South Med J 67:81–84, 1974.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Bai PVA, John TJ: Congenital skin ulcers following varicella in late pregnancy. J Pediatr 94: 65–67, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Baker CJ: Early onset group B streptococcal disease. J Pediatr 93: 124–125, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Baker CJ: Group B streptococcal infections in neonates. Pediatr Rev 1:5– 15, 1979.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Baker CJ: Group B streptococcal cellulitis–adenitis in infants. Am J Dis Child 136: 631–633, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Baker CJ, Barrett FF: Group B streptococcal infections in infants. JAMA 230: 1158–1160, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Baker CJ, Edwards MS, Kasper DL: Immunogenicity of polysaccharides from type III, group B Streptococcus. J Clin Invest 61: 1107–1110, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Bale MS: Management of the umbilicus with crystal violet solution. Can Med Assoc J 124: 372–373, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Ballard RA, Drew WL, Hufnagle KG, et al.: Acquired cytomegalovirus infection in preterm infants. Am J Dis Child 133: 482–485, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Bambirra EA, Pittella JEH, Rezende M.: Toxoplasmosis and hydranen– cephaly. N Engl J Med 306: 1112–1113, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Band JF, Clegg II HW, Hayes PS, et al.: Transmission of group B streptococci. Am J Dis Child 135: 355–358, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Bannatyne RM: Meningococcal ophthalmia. Can Med Assoc J 118: 769, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Barin F, Denis F, Chiron JP, et al.: Immune response in neonates to hepatitis B vaccine. Lancet i: 251–253, 1982.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Barnes PM, Wheldon DB, Eggerding C, et al.: Hyperammonaemia and disseminated herpes simplex infection in the neonatal period. Lancet i: 1362–1363, 1982.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Barrett FF, Mason Jr MO, Fleming D: The effect of three cord–care regimens on bacterial colonization of normal newborn infants. J Pediatr 94: 796–800, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Barter RA, Hudson JA: Bacteriological findings in perinatal pneumonia. Pathology 6: 223–230, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Bascom FA, Eisenstadt R, Carter J, et al.: Genital and intestinal carriage of group B streptococci during pregnancy. J Infect Dis 143: 761–766, 1981.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Baumgart S, Hall SE, Campos JM, et al.: Sepsis with coagulase–negative staphylococci in critically ill newborns. Am J Dis Child 137: 461–463, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Beasley RP, Hwang L-Y: Postnatal infectivity of hepatitis B surface antigen– carrier mothers. J Infect Dis 147: 185–190, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Beasley RP, Hwang L-Y, Stevens CE, et al.: Efficacy of hepatitis B immune globulin for prevention of perinatal transmission of the hepatitis B virus carrier state: final report of a randomized double–blind, placebo–controlled trial. Hepatology 3: 135–141, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Beam MO, Saxon EM: Respiratory–tract colonization and a distinctive pneumonia syndrome in infants infected with Chlamydia trachomatis. N Engl J Med 296: 306–310, 1977.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Bell MJ, Ternberg JL, Feigin RD, et al.: Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. Ann Surg 187: 1–7, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Bellanti JA, Hurtado RC: Immunology and resistance to infection. In Remington JS, Klein JO (eds): Infectious diseases of the fetus and newborn infant, Philadelphia: Saunders, 1976.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Bergstrom T, Larson H, Lincoln K, et al.: Studies of urinary tract infections in infancy and childhood. J Pediatr 80: 858–866, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Berman SA, Balkany TJ, Simmons MA: Otitis media in the neonatal intensive care unit. Pediatrics 62: 198–201, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Berman SA, Balkany TJ, Simmons MA: Otitis media in infants less than 12 weeks of age: differing bacteriology among in–patients and out–patients. J Pediatr 93: 453–454, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Berry PJ, Nagington J: Fatal infection with echo virus II. Arch Dis Child 57: 22–29, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Bettoli EJ, Brewer PM, Oxtoby MJ, et al.: The role of temperature and swab materials in the recovery of herpes simplex virus from lesions. J Infect Dis 145: 399, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Blakey JL, Lubitz L, Barnes GL, et al.: Development of gut colonisation in pre–term neonates. J Med Microbiol 15: 519–529, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Boat TF, Kleinerman JI, Fanaroff AA, et al.: Toxic effects of oxygen on cultured human neonatal respiratory epithelium. Pediatr Res 7: 607–615, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Boehm FH, Estes W, Wright PF, et al.: Management of genital herpes simplex virus infection occurring during pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 141: 735–740, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Boger WP: Late Ocular complications in congenital rubella syndrome. Op–hthalmology 87: 1244–1252, 1980.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Book LS, Overall JC, Herbst JJ, et al.: Clustering of necrotizing enterocolitis. N Engl J Med 297: 984–988, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Borzyskowski M, Harris RF, Jones RW: Congenital varicella syndrome. Eur J Pediatr 137: 335–338, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Boyer KM, Gotoff SP, Gadzala CA, et al.: Intrapartum (IP) ampicillin prophylaxis of group B streptococcal (GBS) transmission based on prenatal (PN) colonization status. 21st Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, Nov, 1981, Chicago, Abst. No. 312.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Boyer KM, Theeravuthichai J, Vogel LC, et al.: Antibody response to group B Streptococcus type III and AB blood group antigens induced by pneumococcal vaccine. J Pediatr 98: 374–378, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Boyer KM, Vogel LC, Gotoff SP, et al.: Nosocomial transmission of bacteriophage type 7/11/12 group B streptococci in a special care nursery. Am J Dis Child 134: 964–966, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Boyle R, Nelson JS, Stonestreet BS, et al.: Alterations in stool flora resulting from oral kanamycin prophylaxis of necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr 93: 857–861, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Bradley JS, Yeager AS, Dyson DC, et al.: Neutralization of herpes simplex virus by antibody in amniotic fluid. Obstet Gynecol 60: 318–321, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Brann AW and Committee on Fetus and Newborn, Mortimer EA and Committee on Infectious Disease: Perinatal herpes simplex virus infections. Pediatrics 66: 147–149, 1980.Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Brook I: Bacteriology of neonatal omphalitis. J Infect 5: 127–131, 1982.Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Brook I, Barrett CT, Brinkman CR, et al.: Aerobic and anaerobic bacterial flora of the maternal cervix and newborn gastric fluid and conjunctiva: a prospective study. Pediatrics 63: 451–455, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Broughton DD, Mitchell WG, Grossman M, et al.: Recurrence of group B streptococcal infection. J Pediatr 2: 183–187, 1976.Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Broughton RA, Krafka R, Baker CJ: Non–group D alpha–hemolytic streptococci: new neonatal pathogens. J Pediatr 99: 450–454, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Brown LW, Zimmerman RA, Bilaniuk LT: Polycystic brain disease complicating neonatal meningitis: documentation of evolution by computed tomography. J Pediatr 94: 757–759, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Brown ST: Update on recommendations for the treatment of syphilis. Rev Infect Dis 4 (Suppl): S837–S841, 1982.Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Brunell PA, Kotchmar Jr GS: Zoster in infancy: failure to maintain virus latency following intrauterine infection. J Pediatr 98: 71–73, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Bryan CS, Wilson RS, Meade P, Sill LG: Topical antibiotic ointments for staphylococcal nasal carriers: survey of current practices and comparison of bacitracin and vancomycin ointments. Infect Control 1: 153–156, 1981.Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Buffenmyer CL, MacDonald HM: Changing pattern of neonatal colonization with triple–dye prophylaxis. Assoc Pract Infect Control 8: 41–45, 1980.Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Buimovici-Klein E, Lang PB, Ziring PR, et al.: Impaired cell–mediated immune responses in patients with congenital rubella: correlation with gestational age at time of infection. Pediatrics 64: 620–626, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Bunnell EC, Monif GRG: Interstitial pancreatitis in the congenital rubella syndrome. J Pediatr 81: 464–466, 1972.Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Burk JR, Bahar D, Wolf FS, et al.: Nursery exposure of 528 newborns to a nurse with pulmonary tuberculosis. South Med J 71: 7–10, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Cashore WJ, Peter G, Lauermann ML, et al.: Clostridia colonization and clostridial toxin in neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr 98: 308–311, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Centers for Disease Control: Neonatal gonococcal infection: recommendations for prophylaxis and treatment. National Nosocomial Infections Study Report, March, 1981.Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Centers for Disease Control: Rubella prevention. Morbid Mortal Wkly Rep 30: 37, 1981.Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Centers for Disease Control: Spectinomycin–resistant penicillinase–producing Neisseria gonorrhoeae—California. Morbid Mortal Wkly Rep 30: 221, 1981.Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Chadwick EG, Shulman ST, Yogev R: Peritonitis as a late manifestation of group B streptococcal disease in newborns. Pediatr Infect Dis 2: 142–143, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Chandrika T, Adler SP: A case of neonatal meningitis due to Flavobacterium meningosepticum successfully treated with rifampin. Pediatr Infect Dis 1:40– 41, 1982.Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Chaney NE: Clostridium infection in mother and infant. Am J Dis Child 134: 1175–1176, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Chany C, Moscovici O, Lebon P, et al.: Association of coronavirus infection with neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. Pediatrics 69: 209–214, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Charles NC, Bennett TW, Margolis S: Ocular pathology of the congenital varicella syndrome. Arch Ophthalmol 95: 2034–2037, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Chesney PJ, Teets KC, Mulvihill JJ, et al.: Successful treatment of Candida meningitis with amphotericin B and 5–fluorocytosine in combination. J Pediatr 89: 1017–1019, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Chin J: Prevention of chronic hepatitis B virus infection from mothers to infants in the United States. Pediatrics 71: 289–292, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Christensen GD, Bisno AL, Parisi JT, et al.: Nosocomial septicemia due to multiply antibiotic–resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis. Ann Intern Med 96:1– 10, 1982.Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Christensen RD, Rothstein G, Anstall HB, et al.: Granulocyte transfusions in neonates with bacterial infection, neutropenia, and depletion of mature marrow neutrophils. Pediatrics 70: 1–6, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Christensen R, Rothstein G, Bradley P, et al.: Granulocyte transfusions (GT) increase survival in neonates with sepsis and neutrophil depletion. Pediatr Res 15: 608, 1981.Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Chrystie IL, Totterdell BM, Banatvala JE: Asymptomatic endemic rotavirus infections in the newborn. Lancet i:l 176–1178, 1978.Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    Clegg HW, Todres ID, Moylan FMB, et al.: Fulminant neonatal menin– gococcemia. Am J Dis Child 134: 354–355, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Cohen KL, McCarthy LR: Haemophilus influenzae ophthalmia neonatorum. Arch Ophthalmol 98: 1214–1215, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Committees on Drugs, Fetus and Newborn, and Infectious Diseases: Pro–phylaxis and Treatment of Neonatal Gonococcal Infections. Pediatrics 65: 1047–1048, 1980.Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Congeni BL, Orenstein DM, Nankervis GA: Three infants with neonatal pertussis. Clin Pediatr 17: 113–118, 1978.Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    Conray MM, Anderson R, Cates KL: Complications associated with pro–phylactic oral kanamycin in preterm infants. Lancet i: 613 — 614, 1978.Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Cook LN, Davis RS, Stover BH: Outbreak of amikacin–resistant Enterobac– teriaceae in an intensive care nursery. Pediatrics 65: 264–268, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Cooper LZ, Florman AL, Ziring PR, et al.: Loss of rubella hemagglutination inhibition antibody in congenital rubella. Am J Dis Child 122: 397–403, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Cooper MD, Keeney RE, Lyons SF, et al.: Synergistic effects of ampicillin– aminoglycoside combinations on group B streptococci. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 15: 484–486, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Corman LC, Levison ME, Knight R, et al.: The high frequency of pharyngeal gonococcal infection in a prenatal clinic population. JAMA 230: 568–570, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Courtney SE, Hall RT, Harris DJ: Effect of blood–transfusions on mortality in early–onset group–B streptococcal septicemia. Lancet i: 462–463, 1979.Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Coyle PK, Wolinsky JS: Characterization of immune complexes in pro–gressive rubella panencephalitis. Ann Neurol 9: 557–562, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Cramblett HG, Haynes RE, Azimi PH, et al.: Nosocomial infection with echovirus type XI in handicapped and premature infants. Pediatrics 51:603– 607, 1973.Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Cushing AH: Necrotizing enterocolitis with Escherichia coli heat–labile en– terotoxin. Pediatrics 71: 626–630, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Daum RS, Smith AL: Bacterial sepsis in the newborn. Clin Obstet Gynecol 22: 385–408, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Davis AT, Altman R: Salmonellosis in nurseries due to maternal infection. Center for Disease Control–Salmonella Surveillance Report No. 116, issued March, 1973.Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    Davis LE, Tweed GV, Chin TDY, Miller GL: Intrauterine diagnosis of cytomegalovirus infection: viral recovery from amniocentesis fluid. Am J Obstet Gynecol 109: 1217–1219, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Davis RC: Salmonella sepsis in infancy. Am J Dis Child 135: 1096–1099, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Delaplane D, Yogev R, Crussi F, et al.: Fatal hepatitis B in early infancy: the importance of identifying HBsAg-positive pregnant women and providing immunoprophylaxis to their newborns. Pediatrics 72: 176–180, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Delprado WJ, Baird PJ, Russell P: Placental candidiasis: report of three cases with a review of the literature. Pathology 14: 191–195, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    DeNicola LK, Hanshaw JB: Cogential and neonatal varicella. J Pediatr 94: 175–176, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Dery P, Marks MI, MacKay E: Susceptibilities of bacteria to different antibiotic regimens. Study in two nursery populations.Am J Dis Child 129:328– 330, 1975.Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Desmond MM, Fisher ES, Vorderman AL, et al.: The longitudinal course of congenital rubella encephalitis in nonretarded children. J Pediatr 93:584– 591, 1978.Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    Desmonts G, Couvreur J: Congenital toxoplasmosis. A prospective study of 378 pregnancies. N Engl J Med 290: 1110–1116, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Deveikis A, Schauf V, Mitzen M, et al.: Antimicrobial therapy of experimental group B streptococcal infection in mice. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 11: 817–820, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Donta ST, Myers MG: Clostridium difficile toxin in asymptomatic neonates. J Pediatr 100: 431–134, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Donta ST, Stuppy MS, Myers MG: Neonatal antibiotic–associated colitis. Am J Dis Child 135: 181–182, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Dorfman RF, Remington JS: Value of lymph–node biopsy in the diagnosis of acute toxoplasmosis. N Engl J Med 289: 878–881, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Dunkle LM, Schmidt RR, O’Connor DM: Neonatal herpes simplex infection possibly acquired via maternal breast–milk. Pediatrics 63: 250–251, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Dupuy JM, Giraud P, Dupuy C, et al.: Hepatitis B in children. J Pediatr 92: 200, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Dworsky M, Stagno S, Pass RF, et al.: Persistence of cytomegalovirus in human milk after storage. J Pediatr 101: 440–443, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Dworsky M, Whitley R, Alford C: Herpes zoster in early infancy. Am J Dis Child 134: 618, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Dworsky M, Yow M, Stagno S, et al.: Cytomegalovirus infection of breast milk and transmission in infancy. Pediatrics 72: 295–299, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Dyson AE, Read SE: Group G streptococcal colonization and sepsis in neonates. J Pediatr 99: 944–947, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    Edelmann Jr. CM, Ogwo JE, Fine BP: The prevalence of bacteriuria in full– term and premature newborn infants. J Pediatr 82: 125–132, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Editorial: Perinatal listeriosis. Lancet ii: 911, 1980.Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    Edwards MS, Baker CJ, Wagner ML: An etiologic shift in infantile osteomyelitis: the emergence of the group B Streptococcus. J Pediatr 93:578– 583, 1978.Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Edwards MS, Jackson CV, Baker CJ: Increased risk of group B streptococcal disease in twins. JAMA 245: 2044–2046, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Edwards JE, Morrison J, Henderson DK, et al.: Combined effect of amphotericin B and rifampin on Candida species. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 17: 484–487, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Ellis SS, Montgomery JR, Wagner M: Osteomyelitis complicating neonatal cephalohematoma. Am J Dis Child 127: 100–102, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    El-Radhi AS, Jawad M, Mansor N, et al.: Sepsis and hypothermia in the newborn infant: value of gastric aspirate examination. J Pediatr 103:300– 302, 1983.Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    Emanuel I, Ansell JS: Congenital abnormalities after mumps vaccination in pregnancy. Lancet ii: 156–158, 1971.Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    Embil JA, Manuel FR, Garner JB, et al.: Cytomegalovirus in the semen. Can Med Assoc J 126: 391–392, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Embil J A, Ozere RL, Haldane EV: Congenital cytomegalovirus infection in two siblings from consecutive pregnancies. J Pediatr 77: 417–421, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Eriksson M, Melen B, Myrback K-E, et al.: Bacterial colonization of newborn infants in a neonatal intensive care unit. Acta Paediatr Scand 71: 779–783, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Esterly JR, Talbert JL: Jejunal atresia in twins with presumed congenital rubella. Lancet i: 1028–1030, 1969.Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Etches PC, Scott B: Chest physiotherapy in the newborn: effect on secretions removed. Pediatrics 62: 713–715, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Faden HS, Burke JP, Glasgow LA, et al.: Nursery outbreak of scalded–skin syndrome. Am J Dis Child 130: 265–268, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Feldman HA: Epidemiology of toxoplasma infections. Epidemiol Rev 4:204– 213, 1982.Google Scholar
  143. 143.
    Fenton LJ, Strunk RC: Complement activation and group B streptococcal infection in the newborn: similarities to endotoxin shock. Pediatrics 60:901– 907, 1977.Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Ferguson AC, Cheung SSC: Modulation of immunoglobulin M and G synthesis by monocytes and T lymphocytes in the newborn infant. J Pediatr 98: 385, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Fischer GW, Wilson SR, Hunter Jr. KW: Functional characteristics of a modified immunoglobulin preparation for intravenous administration: summary of studies of opsonic and protective activity against group B streptococcic Clin Immunol 2 (Suppl): 31S–35S, 1982.Google Scholar
  146. 146.
    Fisher–Hoch SP, Gould J, Latham P: Coxsackie B virus infection associated with hypoparathyroidism in a neonate. Lancet ii: 1395–1396, 1982.Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    Fleet WF, Schaffner W, Lefkowitz LB, et al.: Exposure of susceptible teachers to rubella vaccinees. Am J Dis Child 123: 28–30, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    Florman AL, Gershon AA, Blackett PR, et al.: Intrauterine infection with herpes simplex virus. JAMA 225: 129–132, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  149. 149.
    Francis DP, Herrmann KL, MacMahon JR, et al.: Nosocomial and maternally acquired herpesvirus hominis infections. Am J Dis Child 129: 889–893, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    Frank AL, Taber LH, Glezen WP, et al.: Breast–feeding and respiratory virus infection. Pediatrics 70: 239–245, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  151. 151.
    Fraserjr. JJ, Marks MI, Welch DF: Neonatal sepsis and meningitis due to alpha–hemolytic Streptococcus. South Med J 76: 401–402, 1983.Google Scholar
  152. 152.
    Frazier JP, Cleary TG, Pickering LK, et al.: Leukocyte function in healthy neonates following vaginal and cesarean section deliveries. J Pediatr 101: 269–272, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    Freedman PS: Echovirus 11 infection and intrauterine death. Lancet i:96— 97, 1979.Google Scholar
  154. 154.
    Frenkel LD, Keys MP, Hefferen SJ, et al.: Unusual eye abnormalities associated with congenital cytomegalovirus infection. Pediatrics 66: 763–766, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. 155.
    Frey HM, Steinberg SP, Gershon AA: Rapid diagnosis of varicella–zoster virus infection by countercurrent immunoelectrophoresis. J Infect Dis 143: 274–280, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  156. 156.
    Gajdusek DC: Pneumocystis carinii–etiologic agent of interstitial plasma cell pneumonia of premature and young infants. Pediatrics 19: 543–565, 1957.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    Garcia ACP, Pereira JMS, Vidigal N, et al.: Intrauterine infection with mumps virus. Obstet Gynecol 56: 756–759, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. 158.
    Gehrz RC, Linner KM, Christianson WR, et al.: Cytomegalovirus infection in infancy: virological and immunological studies. Clin Exp Immunol 47:27– 33, 1982.Google Scholar
  159. 159.
    Gerety RJ, Schweitzer IL: Viral hepatitis type B during pregnancy, the neonatal period, and infancy. J Pediatr 90: 368, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Gershon AA, Krugman S: Seroepidemiologic survey of varicella: value of specific fluorescent antibody test. Pediatrics 56: 1005–1008, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Giacoi GP, Neter E, Ogra P: Respiratory infections in infants on mechanical ventilation: the immune response as a diagnostic aid. J Pediatr 98: 691–695, 1981.Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    Ginsberg-Fellner F, Kelin E, Dobersen M, et al.: The interrelationship of congenital rubella (CR) and insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Pediatr Res 14: 572, 1980.Google Scholar
  163. 163.
    Giordias J–B, Ahronheim GA, Delage G: Autarcesis against measles in early infancy. J Infect Dis 143: 752–753, 1981.Google Scholar
  164. 164.
    Givner LB, Rennels MB, Woodward CL, et al.: Chlamydia trachomatis infection in infant delivered by cesarean section. Pediatrics 68: 420–421, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Goldkrand JW: Intrapartum inoculation of Herpes simplex virus by fetal scalp electrode. Obstet Gynecol 59: 263–265, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  166. 166.
    Goldman AS, Garza C, Nichols BL, et al.: Immunologic factors in human milk during the first year of lactation. J Pediatr 100: 563–567, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  167. 167.
    Goldmann DA, Freeman J, Durbin Jr. WA: Nosocomial infection and death in a neonatal intensive care unit. J Infect Dis 147: 635–641, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Good Jr. JT, Iseman MD, Davidson PT, et al.: Tuberculosis in association with pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 140: 492–498, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    Gothefors L: Symbiosis between host and microorganisms: neonatal colonization. Scand J Infect Dis 24S: 68–73, 1980.Google Scholar
  170. 170.
    Graham DR, Anderson RL, Ariel AFE, et al.: Epidemic nosocomial meningitis due to Citrobacter diversus in neonates. J Infect Dis 144: 203–209, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  171. 171.
    Graham DR, Band JD: Citrobacter diversus brain abscess and meningitis in neonates. JAMA 245: 1923–1925, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    Graham DR, Villasenor AC, Anderson RL, et al.: Epidemic neonatal gen– tamicin–methicillin–resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection associated with nonspecific topical use of gentamicin. J Pediatr 97: 972–978, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    Green SL, LaPeter KS: Evidence for postpartum toxic–shock syndrome in a mother–infant pair. Am J Med 72: 169–172, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  174. 174.
    Greene GR, Heitlinger L, Madden JD: Citrobacter ventriculitis in a neonate responsive to trimethoprim–sulfamethoxazole. Clin Pediatr 22: 515–517, 1983.Google Scholar
  175. 175.
    Greene GR, King D, Romansky SG, et al.: Primary Herpes simplex pneumonia in a neonate. Am J Dis Child 137: 464–465, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  176. 176.
    Griffiths PD, Stagno S, Pass RF, et al.: Congenital cytomegalovirus infection: diagnostic and prognostic significance of the detection of specific immunoglobulin M antibodies in cord serum. Pediatrics 69: 544–549, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
    Grossman III J: Congenital syphilis. Teratology 16: 217–224, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Grylack LJ, Scanlon JW: Oral gentamicin therapy in the prevention of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. Am J Dis Child 132: 1192–1194, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  179. 179.
    Guggenheimer J, Nowak AJ, Michaels RH: Dental manifestations of the rubella syndrome. Oral Surg 32: 30–37, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    Guinan ME, MacCalman J, Kern ER, et al.: The course of untreated recurrent genital Herpes simplex infection in twenty–seven women. N Engl J Med 304: 759–763, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  181. 181.
    Gump DW, Holden RA: Acquired chorioretinitis due to toxoplasmosis. Ann Intern Med 90: 59–60, 1979.Google Scholar
  182. 182.
    Gurevich I, Cunha BA: Non–parenteral transmission of cytomegalovirus in a neonatal intensive care unit. Lancet ii: 222–224, 1981.Google Scholar
  183. 183.
    Gutman LT, Idriss ZH, Gehlbach S, et al.: Neonatal staphylococcal enterocolitis: association with indwelling feeding catheters and S. aureus colonization. J Pediatr 88: 836–839, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  184. 184.
    Hageman J, Shulman S, Schreiber M, et al.: Congenital tuberculosis: critical reappraisal of clinical findings and diagnostic procedures. Pediatrics 66:980– 984, 1980.Google Scholar
  185. 185.
    Hain J, Doshi N, Harger JH: Ascending transcervical Herpes simplex infection with intact fetal membranes. Obstet Gynecol 56: 106–109, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    Haley RW, Bregman DA: The role of understating and overcrowding in recurrent outbreaks of staphylococcal infection in a neonatal special–care unit. J Infect Dis 145: 875–885, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  187. 187.
    Hall CB, Douglas Jr. RG, Schnabel KC, et al.: Infectivity of respiratory syncytial virus by various routes of inoculation. Infect Immun 33: 779–783, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  188. 188.
    Hall CB, Kopelman AE, Douglas Jr. RG, et al.: Neonatal respiratory syncytial virus infection. N Engl J Med 300: 393–396, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. 189.
    Hall FK, Hall RT, Rising DR: Septicemia and hernia. Am J Dis Child 136: 561–562, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  190. 190.
    Halperin SA, Hendley JO, Nosal C, et al.: DNA finger–printing in investigation of apparent nosocomial acquisition of neonatal Herpes simplex. J Pediatr 97: 91–93, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  191. 191.
    Hamilton JR: Dietary fluids and diarrhea in babies. Can Med Assoc J 121: 509–510, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  192. 192.
    Hammerberg O, Watts J, Chernesky M, et al.: An outbreak of Herpes simplex virus type 1 in an intensive care nursery. Pediatr Infect Dis 2:290– 294, 1983.Google Scholar
  193. 193.
    Hammerschlag MR, Chandler JW, Alexander ER, et al.: Erythromycin ointment for ocular prophylaxis of neonatal chlamydial infection. JAMA 244: 2291–2297, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Han VKM, Sayed H, Chance GW, et al.: An outbreak of Clostridium difficile necrotizing enterocolitis: a case for oral vancomycin therapy? Pediatrics 71: 935–941, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  195. 195.
    Handsfield HH, Hodson WA, Holmes KK: Neonatal gonococcal infection I. Orogastric contamination with Neisseria gonorrhoeae. JAMA 225: 697–701, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  196. 196.
    Hansen TN, Ritter DA, Speer ME, et al.: A randomized, controlled study of oral gentamicin in the treatment of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr 97: 836–839, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  197. 197.
    Hanshaw JB: A new cytomegalovirus syndrome? Am J Dis Child 133:475– 476, 1979.Google Scholar
  198. 198.
    Hanshaw JB: The launching of a cytomegalovirus vaccine. Am J Dis Child 136: 291–292, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  199. 199.
    Hanshaw JB, Scheiner AP, Moxley AW, et al.: School failure and deafness after “silent” congenital cytomegalovirus infection. N Engl J Med 295:468– 470, 1976.Google Scholar
  200. 200.
    Hardy JB, McCracken GH, Gilkeson MR, et al.: Adverse fetal outcome following maternal rubella after the first trimester of pregnancy. JAMA 207: 2414–2420, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. 201.
    Harris JC, Dupont HL, Hornick RB: Fecal leukocytes in diarrheal illness. Ann Intern Med 76: 697–703, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  202. 202.
    Harris VJ, Schauf V, Duda F, et al.: Fatal tuberculosis in young children. Pediatrics 63: 912–914, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  203. 203.
    Harrison HR, Alexander ER, Weinstein L, et al.: Chlamydia trachomatis infection in pregnancy: epidemiology and outcomes. Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, Nov 1981, Chicago, Abstract No. 516.Google Scholar
  204. 204.
    Harvey D: Staphylococcal infections. J Antimicrob Chemother Suppl. A: 2126, 1979.Google Scholar
  205. 205.
    Hastreiter AR, Joorabchi B, Pujatti G, et al.: Cardiovascular lesions associated with congenital rubella. J Pediatr 71: 59–65, 1967.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  206. 206.
    Hauger SB: Facial cellulitis: an early indicator of group B streptococcal bacteremia. Pediatrics 67: 376–377, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  207. 207.
    Hayden FG, Hall WJ, Douglas RG: Therapeutic effects of aerosolized aman–tadine in naturally acquired infection due to influenza A virus. J Infect Dis 141: 535–542, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  208. 208.
    Headings DL, Overall Jr. JC: Outbreak of meningitis in a newborn intensive care unit caused by a single Eschenchia coli K 1 serotype. J Pediatr 90: 99102, 1977.Google Scholar
  209. 209.
    Heggie AD, Lumicao GG, Stuart LA, et al.: Chlamydia trachomatis infection in mothers and infants. Am J Dis Child 135: 507–511, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  210. 210.
    Heggie AD, Stuart LA: Comparison of effectiveness of topical sulfacetamide and oral erythromycin in the treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis conjunctivitis. Pediatr Res 14: 558, 1980.Google Scholar
  211. 211.
    Hemming VG, Overall Jr JC, Britt MR: Nosocomial infections in a newborn intensive–care unit. Results of forty-one months of surveillance. N Engl J Med 294: 1310–1316, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  212. 212.
    Hjelm E, Jonsell G, Linglof T, et al.: Meningitis in a newborn infant caused by Mycoplasma hominis. Acta Paediatr Scand 69: 415–418, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  213. 213.
    Holmberg L, Moestrup T: Meningitis following conjunctivitis. J Pediatr 94: 339–340, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  214. 214.
    Horn KA, Zimmerman RA, Knostman JD, et al.: Neurological sequelae of group B streptococcal neonatal infection. Pediatrics 53: 501–504, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  215. 215.
    Hoving DE, Hodgman JE, Mathies AW, et al.: Herpesvirus hominis (simplex) infection. Am J Dis Child 115: 438–444, 1968.Google Scholar
  216. 216.
    Howard JB, McCracken Jr GH: The spectrum of group B streptococcal infections in infancy. Am J Dis Child 128: 815–818, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  217. 217.
    Hume OS: Toxoplasmosis and pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 114: 703715, 1972.Google Scholar
  218. 218.
    Hyams JS, Durbin WA, Grand RJ, et al.: Salmonella bacteremia in the first year of life. J Pediatr 96: 57–59, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  219. 219.
    Ingram DL, Pendergrass EL, Bromberger PI, et al.: Group B streptococcal disease. Am J Dis Child 134: 754–758, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  220. 220.
    Inselman LS, EI–Maraghy NB, Evans HE: Apparent resurgence of tuber–culosis in urban children. Pediatrics 68: 647–649, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  221. 221.
    Jackson HJ, Sutherland RM: Effect of povidone–iodine of neonatal thyroid function. Lancet ii: 992, 1981.Google Scholar
  222. 222.
    Jelliffe DB, Jelliffe EFP: Breast milk infection. Lancet ii: 419, 1981.Google Scholar
  223. 223.
    Jhaveri R, Rosenfeld W, Salazar JD, et al.: High titer multiple dose therapy with HBIG in newborn infants of HB,Ag positive mothers. J Pediatr 97: 305, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  224. 224.
    Johnson DE, Bass JL, Thompson TR, et al.: Candida septicemia and right atrial mass secondary to umbilical vein catherization. Am J Dis Child 135: 275–277, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  225. 225.
    Johnson DE, Thompson TR, Ferrieri P: Congenital candidiasis. Am J Dis Child 135: 273–275, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  226. 226.
    Johnson FE, Crnic DM, Simmons MA, et al.: Association of fatal coxsackie B2 viral infection and necrotizing enterocolitis. Arch Dis Child 52: 802–804, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  227. 227.
    Johnson RT: The pathogenesis of herpesvirus encephalitis II. A cellular basis for the development of resistance with age. J Exp Med 120: 359–374, 1964.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  228. 228.
    Jones DE, Friedl EM, Kanarek KS, et al.: Rapid identification of pregnant women heavily colonized with Group B streptococci. J Clin Microbiol 18: 558–560, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  229. 229.
    Jones JF, Ray CG, Fulginiti VA: Perinatal mumps infection. J Pediatr 96:912– 914, 1980.Google Scholar
  230. 230.
    Jones MJ, Kolb M, Votava HJ, et al.: Intrauterine echovirus type 11 infection. Mayo Clin Proc 55: 509–512, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  231. 231.
    Kachel W, Lenard HG: Babies cross–infected with Listeria monocytogenes. Lancet ii: 939, 1981.Google Scholar
  232. 232.
    Kaslow RA, Taylor Jr A, Dweck HS, et al.: Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli infection in a newborn nursery. Am J Dis Child 128: 797–801, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  233. 233.
    Katzenstein AL, Davis C, Braude A: Pulmonary changes in neonatal sepsis due to group B /3–hemolytic streptococcus: relation to hyaline membrane disease. J Infect Dis 133: 430–435, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  234. 234.
    Kazemi M, Gumpert G, Marks MI: Clinical spectrum and carrier state of nontyphoidal Salmonella infections in infants and children. Can Med J Assoc 110: 1253–1256, 1974.Google Scholar
  235. 235.
    Kean BH, Kimball AC, Christenson WN: An epidemic of acute toxoplasmosis. JAMA 208: 1002–1004, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  236. 236.
    Keenan WJ, Steichen JJ, Mahmood K, et al.: Placental pathology compared with clinical outcome. Am J Dis Child 131: 1224–1227, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  237. 237.
    Kendig Jr EL: The place of BCG vaccine in the management of infants born of tuberculous mothers. N Engl J Med 281: 520–523, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  238. 238.
    Kensit JG: Hexachlorophene: toxicity and effectiveness in prevention of sepsis in neonatal units. J Antimicrob Chemother 1: 263–272, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  239. 239.
    Khurana CM, Deddish PA: Incidence of chlamydial infection in pregnant women and the effectiveness of treatment in prevention of neonatal disease. Clin Res 30: 371A, 1982.Google Scholar
  240. 240.
    Kibrick S: Herpes simplex virus in breast milk. Pediatrics 64: 390–391, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  241. 241.
    Kibrick S: Herpes simplex infection at term. JAMA 243: 157–160, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  242. 242.
    Kim KS, Anthony BF: Penicillin tolerance in group B streptococci isolated from infected neonates. J Infect Dis 144: 411–419, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  243. 243.
    Kirkpatrick BV, Eitzman DV: Neonatal septicemia after circumcision. Clin Pediatr 13: 767–768, 1974.Google Scholar
  244. 244.
    Kleiman MB, Allen SD, Neal P, et al.: Meningoencephalitis and compart– mentalization of the cerebral ventricles caused by Enterobacter sakazakii J Clin Microbiol 14: 352–354, 1981.Google Scholar
  245. 245.
    Kliegman RM, Fanaroff AA: Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. A nine–year experience. I. Epidemiology and uncommon observations. Am J Dis Child 135: 603–607, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  246. 246.
    Kliegman RM, Fanaroff AA: Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis: a nine–year experience. II. Outcome assessment. Am J Dis Child 135: 608–611, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  247. 247.
    Kohen DP: Neonatal Gonococcal Arthritis: Three cases and review of the literature. Pediatrics 53: 436–440, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  248. 248.
    Kohl S: Defective infant antiviral cytotoxicity to Herpes simplex virus–infected cells. J Pediatr 102: 885–888, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  249. 249.
    Krajden S, Middleton PJ: Enterovirus infections in the neonate. Clin Pediatr 22: 87–92, 1983.Google Scholar
  250. 250.
    Krause PJ, Maderazo EG, Scroggs M: Abnormalities of neutrophil adherence in newborns. Pediatrics 69: 184–187, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  251. 251.
    Krause VW, Embree JE, MacDonald SW, et al.: Congenital listeriosis causing early neonatal death. Can Med Assoc J 127: 36–38, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  252. 252.
    KrickJA, Remmington JS: Toxoplasmosis in the adult—an overview. N Engl J Med 298: 550–553, 1978.Google Scholar
  253. 253.
    Krugman S: Point–Counterpoint. Should HBsAg carriers breast–feed? Pediatr Rev 3: 65, 1981.Google Scholar
  254. 254.
    Kuhn JP, Lee SB: Pneumatoceles associated with Escherichia coli pneumonias in the newborn. Pediatrics 51: 1008–1010, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  255. 255.
    Kurnetz R, Cacciarelli A, Egerer R, et al.: Neonatal infection. J Pediatr 99: 822–826, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  256. 256.
    Kurtz JB, Tomlinson AH, Pearson J: Mumps virus isolated from a fetus. Br Med J 284: 471, 1982.Google Scholar
  257. 257.
    Lake AM, Lauer BA, Clark JC, et al.: Enterovirus infections in neonates. J Pediatr 89: 787–791, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  258. 258.
    l’Allemand D, Gruters A, Heidemann P, et al.: Iodine–induced alterations of thyroid function in newborn infants after prenatal and perinatal exposure to povidone iodine. J Pediatr 102: 935–938, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  259. 259.
    Landes RD, Bass JW, Millunchick EW, et al.: Neonatal rubella following postpartum maternal immunization. J Pediatr 97: 465–467, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  260. 260.
    Larke RPB, Wheatley E, Saigal S, et al.: Congenital cytomegalovirus infection in an urban Canadian community. J Infect Dis 142: 647–653, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  261. 261.
    Larsson LE, Brigham KL, Stahlman MT: Pulmonary vascular and granulocyte response to group B streptococcal (GBS) toxin. Pediatr Res 15: 619, 1981.Google Scholar
  262. 262.
    Larsson S, Cronberg S, Winblad S: Listeriosis during pregnancy and neonatal period in Sweden 1958–1974. Acta Paediatr Scand 68: 485–493, 1979.Google Scholar
  263. 263.
    Lauer BA, Altenburger KM: Outbreak of staphylococcal infections following heel puncture for blood sampling. Am J Dis Child 135: 277–278, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  264. 264.
    Law BJ, Altshuler GA, Marks MI: Rapid laboratory confirmation of congenital cytomeglaovirus (CMV) infection. ASM Meeting, Dallas, TX, March, 1981. Abstract No. 522.Google Scholar
  265. 265.
    Law BJ, Marks MI: Excellent outcome of bacteroides meningitis in a newborn treated with metronidazole. Pediatrics 66: 463–465, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  266. 266.
    Laxer RM, MacKay E, Marks MI: Antibacterial activity of tobramycin against gram–negative bacteria and the combination of ampicillin/tobramycin against E. coli. Chemotherapy 21: 90–98, 1975.Google Scholar
  267. 267.
    Lee FK, Nahmias AJ, Stagno S: Rapid diagnosis of cytomegalovirus infection in infants by electron microscopy. N Engl J Med 299: 1266, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  268. 268.
    Leighton PM, Bulleid B, Taylor R: Neonatal cellulitis due to Gardnerella vaginalis. Pediatr Infect Dis 1: 339–340, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  269. 269.
    Lejarraga H, Peckham CS: Birth weight and subsequent growth of children exposed to rubella infection in utero. Arch Dis Child 49: 50–54, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  270. 270.
    Levin MJ, Oxman MN, Moore MG, et al.: Diagnosis of congenital rubella in utero. N Engl J Med 290: 1187–1188, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  271. 271.
    Levine JB, Berkowitz CD, St. Gemejr JW: Rubella virus reinfection during pregnancy leading to late–onset congenital rubella syndrome. J Pediatr 100: 589–591, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  272. 272.
    Levine MM, Nalin DR, Hornick RB, et al.: Escherichia coli strains that cause diarrhea but do not produce heat–labile or heat–stable enterotoxins and are noninvasive. Lancet i:l 119–1122, 1978.Google Scholar
  273. 273.
    Levy RL, Saunders RL: Citrobacter meningitis and cerebral abscess in early infancy: Cure by moxalactam. Neurology (Ny) 31: 1575–1577, 1981.Google Scholar
  274. 274.
    Light IJ: Postnatal acquisition of Herpes simplex virus by the newborn infant: a review of the literature. Pediatrics 63: 480–482, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  275. 275.
    Light IJ, Saidleman M, Southerland JM: Management of newborns after nursery exposure to tuberculosis. Am Rev Respir Dis 109: 415–419, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  276. 276.
    Lilien LD, Harris VJ, Ramaurthy RS: Neonatal osteomyelitis of the calcaneus: complications of heel puncture. J Pediatr 88: 478–480, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  277. 277.
    Lilien LD, Ramamurthy RS, Pildes RS: Candida albicans meningitis in a premature neonate successfully treated with 5–fluorocytosine and amphotericin B: a case report and review of the literature. Pediatrics 61: 57–61, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  278. 278.
    Lim MO, Gresham EL, Franken EA: Osteomyelitis as a complication of umbilical artery catheterization. Am J Dis Child 131: 142–144, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  279. 279.
    Long SS, Swenson RM: Development of anaerobic fecal flora in healthy newborn infants. J Pediatr 91: 298–301, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  280. 280.
    Lopez JB, Gross P, Boggs TR, et al.: Skin lesions in association with hemolytic streptococcus group B. Pediatrics 58: 859–861, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  281. 281.
    Lucky AW, McGuire JS: Infantile acropustulosis with eosinophilic pustules. J Pediatr 100: 428–429, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  282. 282.
    Luna MA, Lichtiger B: Disseminated toxoplasmosis and cytomegalovirus infection complicating Hodgkin’s disease. Am J Clin Pathol 55: 499–505, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  283. 283.
    Luyet F, Samra D, Soneji A, et al.: Passive immunization in experimental Herpesvirus hominis infection of newborn mice. Infect Immun 12: 1258–1261, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  284. 284.
    MacDonald SE, Manuel FR, Embil JA: Localization of group B beta– hemolytic streptococci in the female urogenital tract. Am J Obstet Gynecol 133: 57–59, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  285. 285.
    Maguire GC, Nordin J, Myers MG, et al.: Infections acquired by young infants. Am J Dis Child 135: 693–698, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  286. 286.
    Maherzi MM, Guignard JP, Torrado A: Urinary tract infection in high–risk newborn infants. Pediatrics 62: 521–523, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  287. 287.
    Mangurten HH, LeBeau LJ: Diagnosis of neonatal bacteremia by a mi– croblood culture technique. J Pediatr 90: 990, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  288. 288.
    Marks MI, Marks S, Brazeau M: Yeast colonization in hospitalized and nonhospitalized children. J Pediatr 87: 524–527, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  289. 289.
    Marks MI, Stacy T, Krous HF: Progressive cough associated with lymphocytic leukemoid reaction in an infant. J Pediatr 97: 156–160, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  290. 290.
    Marks MI, Welch DF: Diagnosis of bacterial infections of the newborn infant. Clin Perinatol 8: 537–558, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  291. 291.
    Marks S, Marks MI, Dupont C, Hammerberg S: Evaluation of three antibiotic programs in newborn infants. Can Med Assoc 118: 659–662, 1978.Google Scholar
  292. 292.
    Marshall WC, Trompeter RS, Risdon RA: Chronic rashes in congenital rubella: isolation of virus from skin. Lancet i: 1349, 1975.Google Scholar
  293. 293.
    Martin DH, Koutsky L, Eschenbach DA, et al.: Prematurity and perinatal mortality in pregnancies complicated by maternal Chlamydia trachomatis in–fections. JAMA 247: 1585–1588, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  294. 294.
    Martin–Bouyer G, Toga M, Lebreton R, et al.: Outbreak of accidental hex– achlorophene poisoning in France. Lancet i: 91 — 95, 1982.Google Scholar
  295. 295.
    Marzetti G, Laurenti F, De Caro M, et al.: Salmonella munchen infections in newborns and small infants. Clin Pediatr 12: 93–97, 1973.Google Scholar
  296. 296.
    Mazumdar PK, Marks MI: Candida albicans infections in hospitalized children. Clin Pediatr 14: 123–129, 1975.Google Scholar
  297. 297.
    McCracken Jr. GH, Mize SG: A controlled study of intrathecal antibiotic therapy in gram-negative enteric meningitis of infancy. J Pediatr 89: 66–72, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  298. 298.
    McCracken Jr. GH, Mize SG, Trelkeld N: Intraventricular gentamicin therapy in gram–negative bacillary meningitis of infancy. Lancet i: 787–791, 1980.Google Scholar
  299. 299.
    McCracken Jr GH, Nelson JD: Miscellaneous systemic infections. In Anti–microbial therapy for newborns. Monographs in neonatology. Grune 8c Stratton, pp. 141–152, 1977.Google Scholar
  300. 300.
    McCrory JH, Au-Yeung YB, Sugg VM, et al.: Recurrent group B streptococcal infection in an infant: ventriculitis complicating type lb meningitis. J Pediatr 92: 231–233, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  301. 301.
    McKee Jr. KT: Osteomyelitis due to group B streptococcus in a diabetic adolescent. J Pediatr 92: 677–678, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  302. 302.
    McLeod R, Berry PF, Marshall WH, et al.: Toxoplasmosis presenting as brain abscesses. Am J Med 67: 711–714, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  303. 303.
    McNaughton RD, Robertson JA, Ratzlaff VJ, et al.: Mycoplasma hominis infection of the central nervous system in a neonate. Can Med Assoc J 129: 353–354, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  304. 304.
    Menser MA, Harley JD, Hertzberg R, et al.: Persistence of virus in lens for three years after prenatal rubella. Lancet ii: 387, 1967.Google Scholar
  305. 305.
    Menser MA, Robertson SEJ, Dorman DC, et al.: Renal lesions in congenital rubella. Pediatrics 40: 901–904, 1967.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  306. 306.
    Merenstein GB, Todd WA, Brown G, et al.: Group B /3–hemolytic streptococcus: randomized controlled treatment study at term. Obstet Gynecol 55: 315–318, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  307. 307.
    Merlob P, Metzker A, Reisner SH: Transient neonatal pustular melanosis. Am J Dis Child 136: 521–522, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  308. 308.
    Milgram JW: Osseous changes in congenital toxoplasmosis. Arch Pathol 97: 150–151, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  309. 309.
    Miller E, Cradock–Watson JE, Pollock TM: Consequences of confirmed maternal rubella at successive stages of pregnancy. Lancet ii: 781–784, 1982.Google Scholar
  310. 310.
    Miller ME: Host defenses in the human neonate. Pediatr Clin North Am 24: 413–423, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  311. 311.
    Miller TC: Emergency treatment of group B streptococcal disease. Pediatr Clin North Am 24: 501–508, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  312. 312.
    Mills EL, Bjorksten B, Quie PG: Deficient alternative complement pathway activity in newborn sera. Pediatr Res 13: 1341–1344, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  313. 313.
    Miyagawa Y, Sugita K, Komiyama A, et al.: Delayed in vitro immunoglobulin production by cord lymphocytes. Pediatrics 65: 497–500, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  314. 314.
    Miyazaki S, Ohtsuka M, Ueda K, et al.: Coombs positive hemolytic anemia in congenital rubella. J Pediatr 94: 759–760, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  315. 315.
    Modlin JF, Crumpacker CS: Coxsackievirus B infection in pregnant mice and transplacental infection of the fetus. Infect Immun 37: 222–226, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  316. 316.
    Mohan Rao HK, Elhassani SB: Iatrogenic complications of procedures performed on the newborn. Perinatol–Neonatol 25–32 Sept/Oct, 1980.Google Scholar
  317. 317.
    Mollica F, Musumeci S, Rugolo S, Mattina T: A prospective study of eighteen infants of chronic HBsAg mothers. Arch Dis Child 54: 750, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  318. 318.
    Monif GRG: Congenital bacterial pneumonia with intact fetal membranes. Pediatrics 45: 865–866, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  319. 319.
    Monif GRG: Maternal mumps infection during gestation: observations of the progeny. Am J Obstet Gynecol 119: 549–551, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  320. 320.
    Morton RE, Dinwiddie R, Marshall WC, et al.: Respiratory syncytial virus infection causing neurological disorder in neonates. Lancet i: 1426–1427, 1981.Google Scholar
  321. 321.
    Moss TJ, Pysher TJ: Hepatic abscess in neonates. Am J Dis Child 135:726– 728, 1981.Google Scholar
  322. 322.
    Mullan DP, Hewnry L, Beverley JKA: Toxoplasmosis and myocarditis. Br Med J 4: 559–560, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  323. 323.
    Munson DP, Thompson TR, Johnson DE, et al.: Coagulase–negative staphylococcal septicemia: experience in a newborn intensive care unit. J Pediatr 101: 602–605, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  324. 324.
    Murphy AM, Albrey MB, Crewe EB: Rotavirus infections of neonates. Lancet ii: 1149–1150, 1977.Google Scholar
  325. 325.
    Music SI, Fine EM, Togo Y: Zoster–like disease in the newborn due to Herpes simplex virus. N Engl J Med 284: 24–26, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  326. 326.
    Muytjens HL, Zanen HC, Sonderkamp HJ, et al.: Analysis of eight cases of neonatal meningitis and sepsis due to Enterobacter sakazakii. J Clin Microbiol 18: 115–120, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  327. 327.
    Myers JP, Peristein PH, Ligfit IJ, et al.: Tuberculosis in pregnancy with fatal congenital infection. Pediatrics 67: 89–94, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  328. 328.
    Naeye RL, Peters EC: Amniotic fluid infections with intact membranes leading to perinatal death: a prospective study. Pediatrics 61: 171–177, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  329. 329.
    Nagington J, Walker J, Gandy G, et al.: Use of normal immunoglobulin in an echovirus 11 outbreak in a special–care baby unit. Lancet ii: 443–446, 1983.Google Scholar
  330. 330.
    Naot Y, Desmonts G, Remington JS: IgM enzyme–linked immunosorbent assay test for the diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis infection. J Pediatr 98: 32–36, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  331. 331.
    Nathenson G, Spigland I, Eisenberg R: Benign neonatal arrhythmias and coxsackie B virus infection. J Pediatr 86: 152–153, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  332. 332.
    Nelson JD: Duration of neomycin therapy for en teropathogenic Escherichia coli diarrheal disease: a comparative study of 113 Cases. Pediatrics 48: 248, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  333. 333.
    Nishida H, Risemberg HM: Silver nitrate ophthalmic solution and chemical conjunctivitis. Pediatrics 56: 368–373, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  334. 334.
    Noble RC: Infectiousness of pulmonary tuberculosis after starting chemotherapy. Am J Infect Cont 9: 6–10, 1981.Google Scholar
  335. 335.
    Ogra PL, Greene HL: Human milk and breast feeding: an update on the state of the art. Pediatr Res 16: 266–271, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  336. 336.
    Oppenheimer EH, Winn KJ: Fetal gonorrhea, with deep tissue infection occurring in utero. Pediatrics 69: 74–76, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  337. 337.
    Pabst HF, Kreth HW: Ontogeny of the immune responses as a basis of childhood disease. J Pediatr 97: 519–534, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  338. 338.
    Pai KG, Rubin HM, Wedemeyer PP, et al.: Hypothalamic–pituitary dys–function following group B beta hemolytic streptococcal meningitis in a neonate. J Pediatr 88: 289–291, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  339. 339.
    Pais VM, Retik AB: Reversible hydronephrosis in the neonate with urinary sepsis. N Engl J Med 292: 465–467, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  340. 340.
    Panjvani ZKF, Hanshaw JB: Cytomegalovirus in the perinatal period. Am J Dis Child 135: 56–60, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  341. 341.
    Partridge JW, Flewett TRH, Whitehead JEM: Congenital rubella affecting an infant whose mother had rubella antibodies before conception. Br Med J 282: 187–188, 1981.Google Scholar
  342. 342.
    Pass RF, August AM, Dworsky M, et al.: Cytomegalovirus infection in a day–care center. N Engl J Med 307: 477–479, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  343. 343.
    Pass RF, Stagno S, Myers GJ, et al.: Outcome of symptomatic congenital Cytomegalovirus infection: results of long–term longitudinal follow–up. Pediatrics 66: 758–762, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  344. 344.
    Pathak A, Custer JR, Levy J: Neonatal septicemia and meningitis due to Plesiomonas shigelloides. Pediatrics 71: 389–391, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  345. 345.
    Peckham CS, Coleman JC, Hurley R, et al.: Cytomegalovirus infection in pregnancy: preliminary findings from a prospective study. Lancet i:13521355, 1983.Google Scholar
  346. 346.
    Peevy KJ, Wiseman HJ: Gallbladder distension in septic neonates. Arch Dis Child 67: 75–76, 1982.Google Scholar
  347. 347.
    Peter G, Singer DB: Respiratory distress and shock in a term neonate. J Pediatr 96: 946–949, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  348. 348.
    Philip AGS, Hewitt JR: Early diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. Pediatrics 65: 1036–1041, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  349. 349.
    Phinney PR, Fligiel S, Bryson YJ, et al.: Necrotizing vasculitis in a case of disseminated neonatal Herpes simplex infection. Arch Pathol Lab Med 106: 64–67, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  350. 350.
    Pitt J: K 1 antigen of Escherichia coh: epidemiology and serum sensitivity of pathogenic strains. Infect Immun 22: 219–224, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  351. 351.
    Pittard III WB, Thullen JD, Fanaroff AA: Neonatal septic arthritis. J Pediatr 88: 621–624, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  352. 352.
    Pizarro D, Posada G, Mata L, et al.: Oral rehydration of neonates with dehydrating diarrheas. Lancet ii: 1209 — 1210, 1979.Google Scholar
  353. 353.
    PodgoreJK: Simultaneous administration of isoniazid and BCG to the infant of a tuberculous mother. J Pediatr 89: 679, 1976.Google Scholar
  354. 354.
    Polin RA, Kennett R: Use of Monoclonal antibodies in an enzyme–linked inhibition assay for rapid detection of streptococcal antigen. J Pediatr 97: 540–544, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  355. 355.
    Powell J, Bureau MA, Pare C, et al.: Necrotizing enterocolitis. Am J Dis Child 134: 1152–1154, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  356. 356.
    Preblud SR, Zaia JA, Nieberg PI, et al.: Management of pregnant patient exposed to varicella. J Pediatr 95: 334–335, 1979.Google Scholar
  357. 357.
    Preece MA, Kearney PJ, Marshall WC: Growth–hormone deficiency in congenital rubella. Lancet ii: 842–844, 1977.Google Scholar
  358. 358.
    Puck JM, Glezen WP, Frank AL, et al.: Protection of infants from infection with influenza A virus by transplacentally acquired antibody. J Infect Dis 142: 844–849, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  359. 359.
    Purtilo DT, Sullivan JL: Immunological bases for superior survival of females. Am J Dis Child 133: 1251–1253, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  360. 360.
    Pyati SP, Pildes RS, Jacobs NM, et al.: Penicillin in infants weighing two kilograms or less with early–onset group B streptococcal disease. N Engl J Med 308: 1383–1389, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  361. 361.
    Quirke P, Hwang W-S, Validen CC: Congenital Torulopsis glabrata infection in man. Am J Clin Pathol 73: 137–140, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  362. 362.
    Ramphal R, Donnelly WH, Small Jr. PA: Fatal influenzal pneumonia in pregnancy: failure to demonstrate transplacental transmission of influenza virus. Am J Obstet Gynecol 138: 347–348, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  363. 363.
    Rapkin RH: Urinary tract infection. Pediatr Rev 1: 133–136, 1979.Google Scholar
  364. 364.
    Regan JA, Chao S, James LS: Premature rupture of membranes, preterm delivery, and group B streptococcal colonization of mothers. Am J Obstet Gynecol 141: 184–186, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  365. 365.
    ReilerJ: Listeriosis. J Antimicrob Chemother 5: 51–57, 1979.Google Scholar
  366. 366.
    Remington JS, Desmonts G: In Remington JS, Klein JO (eds): Infectious diseases of the fetus and newborn infant, Chapter 6, pp 191–332, Philadelphia: Saunders WB, 1976.Google Scholar
  367. 367.
    Repetto HA, Vasquez LA, Russ C, et al.: Late appearance of nephrotic syndrome in congenital syphilis. J Pediatr 100: 591–592, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  368. 368.
    Rettig PJ, Patamasucon P, Siegel JD: Postnatal prophylaxis of chlamydial conjunctivitis. JAMA 246: 2321–2322, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  369. 369.
    Reveri M, Krishnamurthy C: Gonococcal scalp abscess. J Pediatr 94:819– 820, 1979.Google Scholar
  370. 370.
    Rosen EU, Richardson NJ: A reappraisal of the value of the IgM fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test in the diagnosis of congenital syphilis. J Pediatr 87: 38–42, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  371. 371.
    Rotbart HA, Levin MJ, Yolken RH, et al.: An outbreak of rotavirus–asso– ciated neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr 103: 454–459, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  372. 372.
    Rotimi VO, Duerden BI: The development of the bacterial flora in normal neonates. J Med Microbiol 14: 51–62, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  373. 373.
    Rowe DS, Aicardi EZ, Dawson CR, et al.: Purulent ocular discharge in neonates: significance of Chlamydia trachomatis. Pediatrics 63: 628–632, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  374. 374.
    Rubin LG, Altman J, Epple LK, et al.: Vibrio cholerae meningitis in a neonate. J Pediatr 98: 940–942, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  375. 375.
    Russell P, Altshuler G: Placental abnormalities of congenital syphilis. A neglected aid to diagnosis. Am J Dis Child 128: 160–163, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  376. 376.
    Sacks JJ, Roberto RR, Brooks NF: Toxoplasmosis infection associated with raw goat’s milk. JAMA 248: 1728–1732, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  377. 377.
    Sagy M, Barzilay Z, Yahav J, et al.: Severe neonatal chlamydial pneumonitis. Am J Dis Child 134: 89–90, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  378. 378.
    Samuels BS, Rietschel RL: Polymyositis and toxoplasmosis. JAMA 235:60– 61, 1976.Google Scholar
  379. 379.
    San Joaquin VH, Rettig PJ, Marks MI: Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis antibodies in cord blood. Am J Obstet Gynecol 141: 101–102, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  380. 380.
    Santos JI, Shigeoka AO, Hill HR: Functional leukocyte administration in protection against experimental neonatal infection. Pediatr Res 14:1408– 1410, 1980.Google Scholar
  381. 381.
    Santos JI, Shigeoka AO, Rote NS, et al.: Protective efficacy of a modified immune serum globulin in experimental group B streptococcal infection. J Pediatr 99: 873–879, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  382. 382.
    Sarwar M, AzarKia B, Schechter MM, et al.: Aqueductal occlusion in the congenital rubella syndrome. Neurology NY 24: 198–201, 1974.Google Scholar
  383. 383.
    Scheifele DW, Melton P, Whitchelo V: Evaluation of the limulus test for endotoxemia in neonates with suspected sepsis. J Pediatr 98: 899–903, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  384. 384.
    Scheld WM, Fletcher DD, Fink FN, et al.: Response to therapy in an experimental rabbit model of meningitis due to Listeria monocytogenes. J Infect Dis 140: 287–294, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  385. 385.
    Schlievert PM, Varner MW, Galask RP: Endotoxin enhancement as a possible etiology of early–onset group B beta–hemolytic streptococcal sepsis in the newborn. Obstet Gynecol 61: 588–592, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  386. 386.
    Schuit KE, Powell DA: Phagocytic dysfunction in monocytes of normal infants. Pediatrics 65: 501–504, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  387. 387.
    Schullinger JN, Mollitt DL, Vinocur CD, et al.: Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. Am J Dis Child 135: 612–614, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  388. 388.
    Sekeles E, Ornoy A: Osseous manifestations of gestational rubella in young human fetuses. Amer J Obstet Gynecol 122: 307–312, 1975.Google Scholar
  389. 389.
    Shaad UB, McCracken Jr. GH, Threlkeld N, et al.: Clinical evaluation of a new broad–spectrum oxa–beta–lactam antibiotic, moxalactam, in neonates and infants. J Pediatr 98: 129–136, 1981.Google Scholar
  390. 390.
    Shahin B, Papadopoulou ZL, Jenis EH: Congenital nephrotic syndrome associated with congenital toxoplasmosis. J Pediatr 85: 366–370, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  391. 391.
    Sheinbergas MM, Lewis VJ, Thacker WL, et al.: Serological diagnosis in children infected prenatally with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus. Infect Immun 31: 837, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  392. 392.
    Sherertz RJ, Sarubbi FA: The prevalence of Clostridium difficile and toxin in a nursery population: a comparison between patients with necrotizing enterocolitis and an asymptomatic group. J Pediatr 100: 435–439, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  393. 393.
    Shermon DA, Cherry JD, Kirby SE: Shedding of rubella virus in a 41/i–year– old boy with congenital rubella. Pediatr Infect Dis 1: 342–343, 1982.Google Scholar
  394. 394.
    Shigeoka AO, Charette RP, Wyman ML, et al.: Defective oxidative metabolic responses of neutrophils from stressed neonates. J Pediatr 98: 392, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  395. 395.
    Short BL, Miller MK: Nonsteroidal anti–inflammatory drugs improve survival in group B streptococcal sepsis. Pediatr Res 15: 680, 1981. Abstract No. 1425.Google Scholar
  396. 396.
    Shurin PA, Alpert S, Rosner B, et al.: Chorioamnionitis and colonization of the newborn infant with genital mycoplasmas. N Engl J Med 293: 5–8, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  397. 397.
    Shurin PA, Howie VM, Pelton SI, et al.: Bacterial etiology of otitis media during the first six weeks of life. J Pediatr 92: 893–896, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  398. 398.
    Shurtleff DB: Residua from systemic candidiasis treated with amphotericin. N Engl J Med 279: 641–642, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  399. 399.
    Siassi B, Klyman G, Emmanouilides E: Hypoplasia of the abdominal aorta associated with the rubella syndrome. Am J Dis Child 120: 476–479, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  400. 400.
    Siber GR, Alpert S, Smith AL, et al.: Neonatal central nervous system infection due to Mycoplasma hominis. J Pediatr 90: 625–627, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  401. 401.
    Siddiqi SF, Taylor PM: Necrotizing fasciitis of the scalp. Am J Dis Child 136: 226–228, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  402. 402.
    Siegel SE, Lunde MN, Gelderman AH, et al.: Transmission of toxoplasmosis by leukocyte transfusion. Blood 37: 388–394, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  403. 403.
    Siegel JD, McCracken Jr. GH: Sepsis neonatorum. N Engl J Med 304:642– 647, 1981.Google Scholar
  404. 404.
    Siegel JD, Shannon KM, DePasse BM: Recurrent infection associated with penicillin–tolerant group B streptococci: a report of two cases. J Pediatr 99: 920–924, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  405. 405.
    Siegel JD, Shannon KM, DePasse BM: Recurrent infection associated with penicillin–tolerant group B streptococci: a report of two cases. J Pediatr 99: 920–924, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  406. 406.
    Silver RP, Finn CW, Vann WF, et al.: Molecular cloning of the K1 capsular polysaccharide genes of E. coli Nature 289: 696–698, 1981.Google Scholar
  407. 407.
    Sinatra FR, Shah P, Weissman JY, et al.: Perinatal transmitted acute icteric hepatitis B in infants born to hepatitis B surface antigen–positive and anti-hepatitis Bc–positive carrier mothers. Pediatrics 70: 557–559, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  408. 408.
    Snider Jr. DE, Layde PM, Johnson MW, et al.: Treatment of tuberculosis during pregnancy. Am Rev Respir Dis 122: 65–79, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  409. 409.
    South MA, Tompkins WAF, Morris CR, et al.: Congenital malformation of the central nervous system associated with genital type (Type 2) Herpesvirus. J Pediatr 75: 12–18, 1969.Google Scholar
  410. 410.
    Speck WT, Driscoll JM, O’Neil J, et al.: Effect of antiseptic cord care on bacterial colonization in the newborn infant. Chemotherapy 26: 372–376, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  411. 411.
    Spector SA: Transmission of cytomegalovirus among infants in hospital documented by restriction–endonuclease–digestion analyses. Lancet i:378– 381, 1983.Google Scholar
  412. 412.
    Spector SA, Tyndall M, Kelley E: Inhibition of human cytomegalovirus by trifluorothymidine. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 23: 113–118, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  413. 413.
    Sprunt K, Leidy G, Redman W: Abnormal colonization of neonates in an intensive care unit: means of identifying neonates at risk of infection. Pediatr Res 12: 998–1002, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  414. 414.
    Squire E, Favara B, Todd J: Diagnosis of neonatal bacterial infection: hematologic and pathologic findings in fatal and nonfatal cases. Pediatrics 64: 60–64, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  415. 415.
    Squire EN, Reich HM, Merenstein GB, et al.: Criteria for the discontinuation of antibiotic therapy during presumptive treatment of suspected neonatal infection. Pediatr Infect Dis 1: 85–90, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  416. 416.
    Stagno S: Congenital toxoplasmosis. Am J Dis Child 134: 635–642, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  417. 417.
    Stagno S, Dykes AC, Amos CS, et al.: An outbreak of toxoplasmosis linked to cats. Pediatrics 65: 706–712, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  418. 418.
    Stagno S, Pass RF, Dworsky ME, et al.: Congenital cytomegalovirus infection. The relative importance of primary and recurrent maternal infection. N Engl J Med 306: 945–949, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  419. 419.
    Stagno S, Pass RF, Thomas JP, et al.: Defects of tooth structure in congenital cytomegalovirus infection. Pediatrics 69: 646–648, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  420. 420.
    Stagno S, Reynolds DW, Amos CS, et al.: Auditory and visual defects resulting from symptomatic and subclinical congenital cytomegaloviral and toxoplasma infections. Pediatrics 59: 669–678, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  421. 421.
    Stark AR, Glode MP: Gonococcal vaginitis in a neonate. J Pediatr 94:298– 299, 1979.Google Scholar
  422. 422.
    Steele RW: Recurrent staphylococcal infection in families. Arch Dermatol 116: 189–190, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  423. 423.
    Steiner P, Rao M, Victoria MS, et al.: Miliary tuberculosis in two infants after nursery exposure: epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory findings. Am Rev Respir Dis 113: 267–271, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  424. 424.
    Stern GA, Romano PE: Congenital ocular toxoplasmosis. Arch Ophthalmol 96: 615–617, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  425. 425.
    Stevens CE, Krugman S, Szmuness W, Beasley RP: Viral hepatitis in pregnancy: problems for the clinician dealing with the infant. Pediatr Rev 2: 121, 1980.Google Scholar
  426. 426.
    St. Geme Jr. JW, Noren GR, Evans CM, et al.: On the nonautoimmune aspects of endocardial fibroelastosis: continued inquiry into the significance of delayed sensitivity to mumps virus. Pediatrics 46: 134–136, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  427. 427.
    Stray-Pedersen B: A prospective study of acquired toxoplasmosis among 8,043 pregnant women in the Oslo area. Am J Obstet Gynecol 136:399– 406, 1980.Google Scholar
  428. 428.
    Stray-Pedersen B: Infants potentially at risk for congenital toxoplasmosis. Am J Dis Child 134: 638–642, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  429. 429.
    Storm W: Transient bacteremia following endotracheal suctioning in ventilated newborns. Pediatrics 65: 487–490, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  430. 430.
    Sturm R, Staneck JL, Stauffer LR, et al.: Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis associated with penicillin–resistant, toxigenic Clostridium butyricum. Pediatrics 66: 928–931, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  431. 431.
    Sullivan-Bolyai JZ, Fife KH, Jacobs RF, et al.: Disseminated neonatal herpes simplex virus type 1 from a maternal breast lesion. Pediatrics 71: 455–457, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  432. 432.
    Szmuness W, Stevens CE, Oleszko WR, et al.: Passive-active immunization against hepatitis B: immunogenicity studies in adult Americans. Lancet i: 575, 1981.Google Scholar
  433. 433.
    Taranger J, Blomberg J, Strannegard O: Intrauterine varicella: a report of two cases associated with hyper–A–immunoglobulinemia. Scand J Infect Dis 13: 297–300, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  434. 434.
    Tardieu M, Grospierre B, Durandy A, et al.: Circulating immune complexes containing rubella antigens in late–onset rubella syndrome. J Pediatr 97:370– 373, 1980.Google Scholar
  435. 435.
    Tate DY, Carlton GT, Johnson D, et al.: Immune thrombocytopenia in severe neonatal infections. J Pediatr 98: 449–453, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  436. 436.
    Taylor-Robinson D, McCormack WM: The genital mycoplasmas. (Part I). N Engl J Med 302: 1003–1010, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  437. 437.
    Taylor-Robinson D, McCormack WM: The genital mycoplasmas. (Part II). N Engl J Med 302: 1063–1067, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  438. 438.
    Tetzlaff TR, Ashworth C, Nelson JD: Otitis media in children less than 12 weeks of age. Pediatrics 59: 827–832, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  439. 439.
    Teutsch SM, Juranek DD, Sulzer A, et al.: Epidemic toxoplasmosis associated with infected cats. N Engl J Med 300: 695–699, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  440. 440.
    Thompson TR, Swanson RE, Wiesner PJ: Gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. Relationship of time of infection to relevant control measures. JAMA 228: 186–188, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  441. 441.
    Tolkoff-Rubin NE, Rubin RH, Keller EE, et al.: Cytomegalovirus infection in dialysis patients and personnel. Ann Intern Med 89: 625–628, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  442. 442.
    Tono-Oka T, Nakayama M, Uehara H, et al.: Characteristics of impaired chemotactic function in cord blood leukocytes. Pediatr Res 13: 148–151, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  443. 443.
    Townsend JJ, Baringer JR, Wolinsky JS, et al.: Progressive rubella panencephalitis: late onset after congenital rubella. N Engl J Med 292: 990–993, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  444. 444.
    Townsend JJ, Stroop WG, Baringer JR, et al.: Neuropathology of progressive rubella panencephalitis after childhood rubella. Neurology NY 32: 185–190, 1982.Google Scholar
  445. 445.
    Trallero EP, Arenzana JG, Castaneda AA, et al.: Unusual multi-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a newborn nursery. Am J Dis Child 135: 689–692, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  446. 446.
    Tuomanen EI, Powell KR: Staphylococcal protein A adsorption of neonatal serum to facilitate early diagnosis of congenital infection. J Pediatr 97:238– 243, 1980.Google Scholar
  447. 447.
    Tyrala EE, Hillman LS, Hillman RE, et al.: Clinical pharamacology of hexachlorophene in newborn infants. J Pediatr 91: 481–486, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  448. 448.
    Unger A, Tapia L, Minnich LL, et al.: A typical neonatal respiratory syncytial virus infection. J Pediatr 100: 762–764, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  449. 449.
    Vain NE, Mazlumian JR, Swarner UW, et al.: Role of exchange transfusion in the treatment of severe septicemia. Pediatrics 66: 693–697, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  450. 450.
    Vaucher YE, Ray CG, Minnich LL, et al.: Pleomorphic, enveloped, viruslike particles associated with gastrointestinal illness in neonates. J Infect Dis 145: 27–36, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  451. 451.
    Visser VE, Hall RT: Lumbar puncture in the evaluation of suspected neonatal sepsis. J Pediatr 96: 1063–1066, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  452. 452.
    Vogel LC, Boyer KM, Gadzala CA, et al.: Prevalence of type specific group B streptococcus antibody in pregnant women. J Pediatr 96: 1047–1051, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  453. 453.
    Vollman JH, Smith WL, Ballard ET, et al.: Early onset group B streptococcal disease: clinical, roentgenographic, and pathologic features. J Pediatr 89: 199–203, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  454. 454.
    Vontver LA, Hickok DE, Brown Z, et al.: Recurrent genital Herpes simplex virus infection in pregnancy: infant outcome and frequency of asymptomatic recurrences. Am J Obstet Gynecol 143: 75–84, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  455. 455.
    Voora S, Srinivasan G, Lilien LD, et al.: Fever in full-term newborns in the first four days of life. Pediatrics 69: 40–44, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  456. 456.
    Vosti KL, Northway WH, Daily WJ, et al.: Nonbacterial “aspiration” pneumonia in neonates. Clin Res 22: 284, 1972.Google Scholar
  457. 457.
    Wallace Jr. RJ, Baker CJ, Quinones FJ, et al.: Nontypable Haemophilus influenzae (biotype 4) as a neonatal, maternal, and genital pathogen. Rev Infect Dis 5: 123–136, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  458. 458.
    Waner JL, Weller TH: Analysis of antigenic diversity among human cytomegaloviruses by kinetic neutralization tests with high–titered rabbit antisera. Infect Immun 21: 151–157, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  459. 459.
    Wang EEL, Prober CG, Arvin AM: Varicella zoster virus antibody titers before and after administration of zoster immune globulin to neonates in an intensive care nursery. J Pediatr 103: 113–114, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  460. 460.
    Weeks JL, Garcia-Prats JA, Baker CJ: Methicillinresistant Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis in a neonate. JAMA 245: 1662–1664, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  461. 461.
    Weinberger M, Hayes RE, Morse TS: Necrotizing fasciitis in a neonate. Am J Dis Child 123: 591–594, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  462. 462.
    Weitberg AB, Alper JC, Diamond I, et al.: Acute granulomatous hepatitis in the course of acquired toxoplasmosis. N Engl J Med 300: 1093–1096, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  463. 463.
    Welch PC, Masur H, Jones TC, et al.: Serologic diagnosis of acute lymphadenopathic toxoplasmosis. J Infect Dis 142: 256–264, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  464. 464.
    West SE, Kaplan AM, Goodkin R: Neonatal Salmonella meningitis complicated by cerebral abscesses. West J Med 127: 142–145, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  465. 465.
    Wheat LJ, Kohler RB, White AL, et al.: Effect of rifampin on nasal carriers of coagulasepositive staphylococci. J Infect Dis 144: 177–182, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  466. 466.
    White CA, Koontz FP: 8-hemolytic streptococcus infections in postpartum patients. Obstet Gynecol 41: 27–32, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  467. 467.
    Whitley RJ, Nahmias AJ, Soong SJ, et al.: Vidarabine therapy of neonatal Herpes simplex virus infection. Pediatrics 66: 495–501, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  468. 468.
    Whitley RJ, Nahmias AJ, Visintine AM, et al.: The natural history of Herpes simplex virus infection of mother and newborn. Pediatrics 66: 489–494, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  469. 469.
    Wielaard F, van Gruijthuijsen H, Duermeyer W, et al.: Diagnosis of acute toxoplasmosis by an enzyme immunoassay for specific immunoglobulin M antibodies. J Clin Microbiol 17: 981–987, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  470. 470.
    Wilson CB, Remington JS: What can be done to prevent congenital toxoplasmosis? Am J Obstet Gynecol 138: 357–363, 1980.Google Scholar
  471. 471.
    Wilson CB, Remington JS, Stagno S, et al.: Development of adverse sequelae in children born with subclinical congenital toxoplasma infection. Pediatrics 66: 767–774, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  472. 472.
    Winkelstein JA, Kurlandsky LE, Swift AJ: Defective activation of the third component of complement in the sera of newborn infants. Pediatr Res 13: 1093–1096, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  473. 473.
    Wohl MEB, Chernick V: Bronchiolitis. Am Rev Respir Dis 118: 759–781, 1978.Google Scholar
  474. 474.
    Yamauchi T, Wilson C, St. Geme JW Jr: Transmission of live, attenuated mumps virus to the human placenta. N Engl J Med 290: 710–712, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  475. 475.
    Yeager AS: Transmission of cytomegalovirus to mothers by infected infants: another reason to prevent transfusion–acquired infections. Pediatr Infect Dis 2: 295–297, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  476. 476.
    Yeager AS, Grumet FC, Hafleigh EB, et al.: Prevention of transfusion– acquired cytomegalovirus infections in newborn infants. J Pediatr 98:281– 287, 1981.Google Scholar
  477. 477.
    Yeager AS, Palumbo PE, Malachowski N, et al.: Sequelae of maternally derived cytomegalovirus infections in premature infants. J Pediatr 102:918– 922, 1983.Google Scholar
  478. 478.
    Yeni P, Segond P, Massias P, et al.: False–positive IgM anti–toxoplasma fluorescent test due to rheumatoid factor. Lancet i: 219–220, 1978.Google Scholar
  479. 479.
    Yoder PR, Gibbs RS, Blanco JD, et al.: A prospective, controlled study of maternal and perinatal outcome after intra–amniotic infection at term. Am J Obstet Gynecol 145: 695–701, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  480. 480.
    Yogev R, Rolling WM: Intraventricular levels of amikacin after intravenous administration. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 20: 583–586, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  481. 481.
    Yoshioka H, Iseki K-I, Fujita K: Development and differences of intestinal flora in the neonatal period in breast–fed and bottle–fed infants. Pediatrics 72: 317–321, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  482. 482.
    Yow MD, Mason EO, Leeds LJ, et al.: Ampicillin prevents intrapartum transmission of group B Streptococcus. JAMA 241: 1245–1247, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  483. 483.
    Ziring PR, Gallo G, Finegold M, et al.: Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis: identification of rubella virus antigen in the thyroid of a child with congenital rubella. J Pediatr 90: 419–420, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melvin I. Marks
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.College of MedicineUniversity of OklahomaOklahoma CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsOklahoma Children’s Memorial HospitalOklahoma CityUSA

Personalised recommendations