Virus-induced Autoimmune Demyelinating Disease of the Central Nervous System
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Acute perivenular demyelinating disease of the brain and spinal cord can complicate a number of human viral infections. It has been most frequent late in the course of the exanthematous viral infections, particularly measles and vaccinia, and, to a lesser extent, varicella and rubella. The discontinuation of vaccination against smallpox and the successful immunization against measles and rubella in the United States have decreased the incidences of these infections and their parainfectious complications. Currently, postinfectious encephalomyelitis in the United States is most frequent after varicella, where mortality and morbidity rates are low, and after upper respiratory infections, where the etiologic agent is usually undetermined .
KeywordsMyelin Basic Protein Demyelinating Disease Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis Recombinant Vaccinia Virus Measle Virus Infection
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