Does Pesticide Risk Assessment in the European Union Assess Long-Term Effects?

  • Michael C. Newman
  • Mark Crane
  • Graham Holloway
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 187)


Arguably, current pesticide risk assessments only indirectly address long-term pesticide effects on nontarget species populations and assemblages (Cairns 1984, 1992; Pratt and Cairns 1996). Most environmental professionals would quickly agree if this statement were being made about past assessments of legacy pesticides, such as DDT and other organochlorines (Newman 2001; Clements and Newman 2002) and might also add that the so-called legacy pesticides are still used in many, especially developing, countries (McLaughlin and Mineau 1995; Castillo et al. 1997; Nakamaru et al. 2002). However, considerable disagreement would emerge if the statement were made about present-day assessments of widely used pesticides in the developed world.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael C. Newman
    • 1
  • Mark Crane
    • 2
  • Graham Holloway
    • 3
  1. 1.Virginia Institute of Marine ScienceCollege of William and MaryGloucester PointUSA
  2. 2.Watts & Crane AssociatesOxfordshireUK
  3. 3.School of Animal and Microbial SciencesUniversity of ReadingWhiteknights, ReadingUK

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