Energy Access

  • Subhes C. BhattacharyyaEmail author


This chapter introduces the problem of lack of access to energy services. It provides an overview of the problem dimension and presents the common approaches used to address this issue. Finally, it calls for a change in the provision of access to ensure better results.


Energy access situation Outlook Indicators of energy poverty Energy ladder Electrification experience Cooking energy experience Interventions Sustainability 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Energy and Sustainable DevelopmentDe Montfort UniversityLeicesterUK

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