Principles of Correction: An Overview of Secondary Correction of Posttraumatic Bony Deformities



Restoration of pre-injury form and function after a significant delay can be very challenging. This can arise as a result of nontreatment, delayed treatment or inadequate surgical repair. It is also more likely to occur in high-energy injuries and those injuries resulting in severely comminuted fractures that require bone grafts. A methodical approach following careful analysis of all components of the defect is essential. This chapter gives an overview of the problem and some of the possible solutions.


Posttraumatic bony deformities Reconstruction Osteotomy Bone grafting Alloplastic implants 

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© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity of Florida College of MedicineGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck SurgeryIndiana University School of MedicineIndianapolisUSA
  3. 3.Center for Aesthetic Surgery, Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, Baylor Neuroscience Skullbase ProgramHead and Neck Cancer Center of TexasFort WorthUSA

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