Complications in Craniofacial Trauma: An Overview of Some Common Problems



Complications are a common occurrence in all surgical disciplines. They can occur as a direct consequence of the disease or injury itself, or they can arise as a result of the treatment provided. Craniofacial injuries and their management are no different, and all of us will encounter complications in our patients from time to time.


Complications Infection Malunion Paralysis Acute Chronic 

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© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryUniversity College Hospital and Barts Health TrustLondonUK
  2. 2.Northwick Park HospitalLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryRegional Unit Northwick Park and St Mary’s HospitalLondonUK

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