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Fat Grafting in Soft Tissue Augmentation

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Abstract

Autologous fat grafting has become widely accepted as a reliable option for volume restoration. This includes not only posttraumatic soft tissue defects but also aesthetic, congenital and postsurgical volume deficits. Used as an alternative to commercial injectable fillers, autologous fat has the advantages of being abundant, nonimmunogenic and free from some of the potential limitations of foreign materials. In addition to providing volume, autogenous fat is also used to improve the quality and texture of the overlying skin, especially in cases of scarring secondary to acne, burns and postirradiation injuries. However, further studies are still needed to fully understand the benefits and the regenerative potential of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs).

Keywords

Fat injection Fat transfer Liposuction Soft tissue augmentation Fat 

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© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Maxillo-Facial SurgeryHospital Instituto Stomatologico ItalianoMilanItaly
  2. 2.Unit of Cranio Maxillofacial SurgeryS. Anna Hospital and University of FerraraFerraraItaly
  3. 3.Unit of Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery“St. Anna” Hospital and UniversityFerraraItaly

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