Echocardiography of the Mitral and Tricuspid Valves

  • Narain Moorjani
  • Bushra S. Rana
  • Francis C. Wells


Normal function of the mitral valve depends on the complex interaction between the leaflets, annulus, subvalvular apparatus (chordae tendineae and papillary muscles) and left ventricle. Echocardiography is the imaging technique of choice to systematically demonstrate anatomical, physiological and pathological aspects of the entire mitral valve complex. It assesses the mitral valve in the beating heart under physiologic loading conditions, as opposed to surgical assessment that is performed on the arrested heart. In addition, quantitative analysis can be performed on frozen frames throughout the cardiac cycle.


Trans-thoracic echocardiography Trans-oesophageal echocardiography Doppler Three-dimensional echocardiography M-mode echocardiography Vena contracta Proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) Apical views Parasternal views Mid-oesophageal views Trans-gastric views 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Narain Moorjani
    • 1
  • Bushra S. Rana
    • 2
  • Francis C. Wells
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cardiothoracic SurgeryRoyal Papworth HospitalCambridgeUK
  2. 2.Department of CardiologyRoyal Papworth HospitalCambridgeUK

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