Transmission Congestion Management

  • X. Wang
  • Y. H. Song
  • Q. Lu
Part of the Power Systems book series (POWSYS)


The transmission network plays a key role in making the competitive electricity market work and the first important step in any power industry restructuring is open access to transmission. Transmission services have been unbundled from generation to form separate businesses, however, when regarded as a natural monopoly the transmission sector remains more or less regulated to permit a competitive environment for generation and retail services. The operating and planning of the transmission network and the pricing of transmission services are still seen as challenges in the development of electricity markets on both theoretical and practical grounds.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    J. Surrey: “The British Electricity Experiment–Privatization: the Record, the Issues, the Lessons”, Earthscan Publications Ltd, London, 1996Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    OFFER, The New Electricity Trading Arrangements, July 1999, UKGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    California ISO Scheduling Applications Implementation: Functional Requirements, December 1996, html#ISO_bus
  4. [4]
    FERC, ‘Order No. 2000, Regional Transmission Organization (RTO)-Final Rule’,, December 20, 1999
  5. [5]
    European Transmission System Operators (ETSO), Evaluation of Congestion Management Methods for Cross-border Transmission”, November 1999Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    J. Makansi: “California’s Electricity Crisis Rooted in Many Failings”, IEEE Spectrum, Feb 2001, pp. 24–25Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    J.D. Chandley, S.M. Harvey, and W.W. Hogan: “Electricity Market Reform in California”,, November 2000
  8. [8]
    R. D. Christie, and I. Wangensteen,: “The Energy Market in Norway and Sweden: Congestion Management”, IEEE Power Engineering Review, May 1998, pp. 61–63Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    H. Singh, S. Hao, and A. Papalexopoulos,: “Transmission Congestion Management in Competitive Electricity Markets”, IEEE Trans. on Power Systems, Vol. 13, No. 2, May 1998, pp. 672–679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    R.S. Fang, and A.K. David: “Transmission Congestion Management in an Electricity Market”, IEEE Trans. on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 3, August 1999, pp. 877–883CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    K. David: “Dispatch Methodologies for Open Access Transmission Systems”, IEEE Trans. on Power Systems, Vol. 13, No. 1, February 1998, pp. 46–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    X. Wang, and Y.H. Song: “Advanced Real-Time Congestion Management through Both Pool Balancing Market and Bilateral Market”, IEEE Power Engineering Review, Feb 2000, 20 (2), pp. 47–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    S.M. Harvey, W.W. Hogan, and A.L. Pope: “Transmission Capacity Reservations and Transmission Congestion Contracts”, Harvard Electricity Policy Group, Harvard University, June 1996Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    OFFER, “Review of Electricity Trading Arrangement. Background Paper 1: Electricity Trading Arrangements in England and Wales”, February 1998Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    OFFER, “Review of Electricity Trading Arrangement. Background Paper 2: Electricity Trading Arrangements in Other Countries”, February 1998Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    PJM Interconnection,
  17. [17]
    Transpower of New Zealand,
  18. [18]
    N. Deeb and S.M. Shahidehpour: “Linear Reactive Power Optimization In A Large Power Network Using The Decomposition Approach”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 5, May 1990, pp. 428–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    B.H. Kim and R. Baldick: “Coarse-Grained Distributed Optimal Power Flow”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, May 1997, 12 (2), pp. 932–939CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    A.J. Conejo and J.A. Aguado: “Multi-area Coordinated Decentralized DC Optimal Power Flow”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, November 1998, 13 (4), pp. 1272–1278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    F.J. Nogales, F.J. Prieto, and A.J. Conejo: “Multi-area AC optimal power flow: a new decomposition approach”, Proceeding of the 13th Power System Computer Conference, June 28-July 2, 1999, pp. 1201–1206Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    M.D. Cadwalader, S.M. Harvey, W.W. Hogan, and S.L. Pope: “Coordinating congestion relief across multiple regions”,, Oct 7 1999
  23. [23]
    S.S. Oren and A.M. Ross: “Economic Congestion Relief Across Multiple Regions Requires Tradable Physical Flow-gate Rights”,, May 2000
  24. [24]
    OFGEM, “Transmission Access and Losses under NETA: A Consultation Document”, May 2001Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    M.E. Bradley, U. Bryan, D. Waterhouse, and C.E. Fiford: “Optimisation of Transmission System Constraints in Real Time”, GIGRE Symposium on the Impact of Open Trading on Power Systems, Tours, 1997Google Scholar
  26. [26]
  27. [27]
    J. Eckstein: “Parallel Alternating Direction Multiplier Decomposition of Convex Programs”, Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications, January 1994, 80 (1), pp. 39–63MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    X. Wang, Y.H. Song, and Q. Lu: “A Lagrangian Decomposition Approach to Active Power Congestion Management across Interconnected Regions”, IEE Proceeding C, Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 148, No. 5, September 2001, pp. 497–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • X. Wang
  • Y. H. Song
  • Q. Lu

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations