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List of Common Abbreviations

  • David HuiEmail author
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Abstract

List of Common Abbreviations

% sat

Percentage saturation

5-FU

5-Fluorouracil

5-HIAA

5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid

5HT

Serotonin

AAA

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

ABC

Airway, breathing, circulation

Abd

Abdomen

ABG

Arterial blood gas

ABPA

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis

ABx

Antibiotics

ACE

Angiotensin-converting enzyme

ACR

American College of Rheumatology

ACS

Acute coronary syndrome

ACTH

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

ADL

Activity of daily living

ADP

Adenosine diphosphate

AF

Atrial fibrillation

AFB

Acid fast bacilli

AFP

Alpha fetoprotein

AG

Anion gap

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AIN

Acute interstitial nephritis

AJR

Abdominal jugular reflex

AKI

Acute kidney injury

ALI

Acute lung injury

ALL

Acute lymphoblastic lymphoma

ALND

Axillary lymph node dissection

ALS

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

ALT

Alanine aminotransferase

AMA

Antimitochondrial antibody

AML

Acute myelogenous leukemia

ANA

Antinuclear antibody

ANC

Absolute neutrophil count

ANCA

Anti-neutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody

AP

Anterior–posterior

APA

Antiphospholipid antibody

APACHE

Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation

APC

Adenomatosis polyposis coli

APS

Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome

ARB

Angiotensin receptor blocker

ARDS

Acute respiratory distress syndrome

ARR

Absolute risk reduction

AS

Aortic stenosis

ASA

Acetylsalicylic acid, American Society of Anesthesiologists

ASD

Atrial septal defect

ASO

AntiStreptolysin-O

AST

Aspartate aminotransferase

ATC

Around the clock

ATN

Acute tubular necrosis

AV

Atrioventricular or arteriovenous

AVM

Arteriovenous malformation

AVNRT

Atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia

AXR

Abdominal X-ray

BAC

Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma

BAL

Bronchoalveolar lavage

BID

Twice per day

Bili

Bilirubin

BIPAP

Bilevel positive airway pressure

BL

Burkitt’s lymphoma

BMD

Bone mineral density

BMI

Body mass index

BMT

Bone marrow transplant

BNP

B-type natriuretic peptide

BOOP

Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia

BP

Blood pressure

BRBPR

Bright red blood per rectum

BRCA

Breast cancer gene

BSA

Body surface area

BSE

Breast self-examination

C&S

Culture and sensitivity

Ca

Calcium

CA 125

Cancer antigen 125

CA 15.3

Cancer antigen 15.3

CA 19-9

Cancer antigen 19-9

CABG

Coronary artery bypass graft

CAD

Coronary artery disease

CAH

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

CA-MRSA

Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

CAP

Community-acquired pneumonia

CBC

Complete blood count

CBCD

Complete blood count and differential

CBE

Clinical breast examination

Cbl

Cobalamin

CCB

Calcium channel blocker

CCP

Cyclic citrullinated peptides

CCS

Canadian Cardiovascular Society

CEA

Carcinoembryonic antigen

CHF

Congestive heart failure

Chol

Cholesterol

CK

Creatine kinase

CKD

Chronic kidney disease

CKMB

Creatine kinaseMB

Cl

Chloride

CLL

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

CMA

Canadian Medical Association

CMC

Carpometacarpal joint

CML

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

CMML

Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia

CMV

Cytomegalovirus

CN

Cranial nerve, cyanide

CNS

Central nervous system

CO

Carbon monoxide

COP

Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

COX

Cyclooxygenase

CPAP

Continuous positive airway pressure

CPR

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

CR

Controlled release

CrCl

Creatinine clearance

CRF

Chronic renal failure

CRH

Corticotropin-releasing hormone

CRP

C-reactive protein

CRT

Cardiac resynchronization therapy

CT

Computed tomography

CVA

Cerebral vascular disease, costovertebral angle

CVD

Cerebral vascular disease

CVP

Central venous pressure

CVVHD

Continuous veno-venous hemodialysis

CXR

Chest X-ray

D5W

5% dextrose water

DAT

Direct antiglobulin test

DBP

Diastolic blood pressure

DC

Direct current

DCIS

Ductal carcinoma in situ

DDAVP

Desmopressin acetate

DEXA

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry

DHEA

Dehydroepiandrosterone

DHEAS

Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate

DI

Diabetes insipidus

DIC

Disseminated intravascular coagulation

DIP

Distal interphalangeal joint

DKA

Diabetic ketoacidosis

DLBCL

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

DLCO

Diffusion capacity of lung for carbon monoxide

DM

Diabetes mellitus

DM1

Type 1 diabetes mellitus

DM2

Type 2 diabetes mellitus

DMARDs

Disease-modifying agents of rheumatoid disease

DOT

Directly observed treatment

DPI

Dry powder inhaler

DPT

Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus

dsDNA

Double-stranded DNA

DT

Delirium tremens

DVT

Deep vein thrombosis

Dx

Disease

EBV

Epstein–Barr virus

ECG

Electrocardiogram

EEG

Electroencephalography

EF

Ejection fraction

EGFR

Epidermal growth factor receptor

EHEC

Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli

EIEC

Enteroinvasive Escherichia coli

EMG

Electromyography

ENA

Extractable nuclear antigen

EPO

Erythropoietin

ER

Estrogen receptor, emergency room

ERCP

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

ESAS

Edmonton symptom assessment scale

ESBL

Extended spectrum β-lactamase

ESR

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

ESRD

End-stage renal disease

ET

Essential thrombocytosis

ETEC

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli

FAP

Familial adenomatous polyposis

Fe

Iron

FEV1

Forced expiratory volume (1 second)

FFP

Fresh frozen plasma

FH

Family history

FHF

Fulminant hepatic failure

FISH

Fluorescence in situ hybridization

FL

Follicular lymphoma

FNA

Fine needle aspirate

FNH

Focal nodular hyperplasia

FOB

Fecal occult blood

FSGS

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

FSH

Follicle-stimulating hormone

FTA-ABS

Fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorption

FUO

Fever of unknown origin

FVC

Forced vital capacity

G6PD

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency

GBM

Glomerular basement membrane, glioblastoma multiforme

GBS

Guillain–Barre syndrome

GCS

Glasglow coma scale

GCSF

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor

GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

GFR

Glomerular filtration rate

GGT

Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase

GI

Gastrointestinal

Gm

Gram stain

GN

Glomerulonephritis

GU

Genitourinary

GVHD

Graft vs. host disease

GYN

Gynecological

H&N

Head and neck

Hb

Hemoglobin

HBV

Hepatitis B virus

HCL

Hairy cell leukemia

HCO 3

Bicarbonate

Hct

Hematocrit

HCV

Hepatitis C virus

HD

Hemodialysis

HDL

High density lipoprotein

HF

Heart failure

HHV8

Human herpes virus 8

HITT

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia with associated thrombosis

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

HLA

Human leukocyte antigen

HMG-CoA

3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A

HNPCC

Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer

HR

Heart rate

HSP

Henoch–Schonlein purpura

HSV

Herpes simplex virus

HTLV

Human T-cell lymphoma virus

HU

Hounsfield unit

HUS

Hemolytic uremic syndrome

IADL

Instrumental activities of daily living

IBD

Inflammatory bowel disease

IBS

Irritable bowel syndrome

IBW

Ideal body weight

ICD

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators

ICH

Intracerebral hemorrhage

ICP

Intracranial pressure

ICU

Intensive care unit

IDU

Injection drug use

IL

Interleukin

INF

Interferon

INH

Inhaler

INR

International normalized ratio

IPF

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

IPI

International prognostic index

IR

Immediate release

ITP

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

IV

Intravenous

IVC

Inferior vena cava

IVP

Intravenous pyelogram

JVP

Jugular venous pressure

KOH

Potassium hydroxide

KPS

Karnofsky performance status

KUB

Kidney, ureter, and bladder X-ray study

LAA

Left atrial abnormality

LAD

Left anterior descending

LAE

Left atrial enlargement

LAHB

Left anterior hemiblock

LAP

Leukocyte alkaline phosphatase

LBBB

Left bundle branch block

LCIS

Lobular carcinoma in situ

LCX

Left circumflex artery

LDH

Lactate dehydrogenase

LDL

Low-density lipoprotein

LES

Lambert–Eaton syndrome

LFT

Liver function test

LH

Luteinizing hormone

Li

Lithium

LLL

Left lower lobe

LLQ

Left lower quadrant

LLSB

Left lower sternal border

LML

Left middle lobe

LMN

Lower motor neuron

LMWH

Low molecular weight heparin

LN

Lymph node

LOC

Level of consciousness

LPHB

Left posterior hemiblock

LR-

Negative likelihood ratio

LR+

Positive likelihood ratio

LSD

Lysergic acid diethylamide

LTBI

Latent tuberculosis infection

LUL

Left upper lobe

LUQ

Left upper quadrant

LUSB

Left upper sternal border

LV

Left ventricular

LVEF

Left ventricular ejection fraction

LVH

Left ventricular hypertrophy

MAC

Mycobacterium avium complex

MALT

Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue

MAO

Monoamine oxidase

MAP

Mean arterial pressure

MCA

Middle cerebral artery

MCD

Minimal change disease

MCL

Mantle cell lymphoma

MCP

Metacarpal joint

MCV

Mean corpuscular volume

MDI

Metered dose inhaler

MDS

Myelodysplastic syndrome

MEDD

Morphine equivalent daily dose

MELD

Model for end-stage liver disease

MEN

Multiple endocrine neoplasia

MF

Myelofibrosis, mycosis fungoides

Mg

Magnesium

MGN

Membranous glomerulopathy

MGUS

Monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance

MHA-TP

Microhemagglutination assay for antibody to Treponema pallidum

MI

Myocardial infarction

MIBG

Iodine-131-meta-iodobenzylguanidine

MIBI

Methoxyisobutyl isonitrile

MM

Multiple myeloma

MMR

Measles, mumps, and rubella

MMSE

Mini-mental state examination

MPA

Microscopic polyangiitis

MPGN

Membranoproliferative glomerulopathy

MPS

Myeloproliferative syndrome

MRCP

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

MRSA

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

MS

Mitral stenosis, multiple sclerosis

MSI

Microsatellite instability

MSK

Musculoskeletal

MSSA

Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus

MTC

Medullary thyroid cancer

MTP

Metatarsophalangeal joint

MZL

Marginal zone lymphoma

N&V

Nausea and vomiting

Na

Sodium

NAAT

Nucleic acid amplification test

NCS

Nerve conduction studies

NE

Norepinephrine

NEB

Nebulizer

NG

Nasogastric

NMDA

N-methyl-d-aspartic acid

NMS

Neuroleptic malignant syndrome

NNT

Number needed to treat

NPH

Normal pressure hydrocephalus, insulin

NPO

Nothing by mouth

NPV

Negative predictive value

NS

Normal saline

NSAID

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug

NSCLC

Non-small cell lung cancer

NSIP

Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia

NSTE

Non-ST elevation

NYD

Not yet diagnosed

NYHA

New York Heart Association

O&P

Ovum and parasites

OHS

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome

OHS

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome

OR

Odds ratio

OSA

Obstructive sleep apnea

Osmo

Osmolality

PA

Posterior–anterior

PAC

Paroxysmal atrial contraction

P a CO 2

Arterial carbon dioxide pressure

PAN

Polyarteritis nodosa

P a O 2

Arterial oxygen pressure

PAOP

Pulmonary artery occlusion pressure

PaP

Palliative prognostic score

PAP

Pulmonary artery pressure

PBC

Primary biliary sclerosis

PCOS

Polycystic ovarian syndrome

PCR

Polymerase chain reaction

PCWP

Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure

PDA

Patent ductus arteriosus

PE

Pulmonary embolism

PEA

Pulseless electrical activity

PEEP

Positive end expiratory pressure

PEF

Peak expiratory flow

PET

Positron emission tomography

PFO

Patent foramen ovale

PFT

Pulmonary function test

PIP

Proximal interphalageal joint

PJP

Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia

PML

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

PMN

Polymorphonuclear neutrophil

PND

Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

PNH

Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria

PO

Oral

PPS

Palliative performance scale

PPV

Positive predictive value

PR

Progesterone receptor

PRV

Polycythemia ruba vera

PSA

Prostate-specific antigen

PSC

Primary sclerosing cholangitis

PSI

Pneumonia severity of illness score

PSV

Pressure support ventilation

PTCA

Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

PTCL

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma

PTH

Parathyroid hormone

PTLD

Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease

PTP

Post transfusion purpura

PTT

Partial thromboplastin time

PTU

Propylthiouracil

PUD

Peptic ulcer disease

PVC

Paroxysmal ventricular contraction

PVD

Peripheral vascular disease

QID

Four times per day

RA

Rheumatoid arthritis

RAA

Right atrial abnormality

RAE

Right atrial enlargement

RAS

Renal artery stenosis

RBBB

Right bundle branch block

RBC

Red blood cell

RCA

Right coronary artery

RDW

Red blood cell distribution width

RF

Rheumatoid factor

RLL

Right lower lobe

RLQ

Right lower quadrant

RPGN

Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis

RR

Respiratory rate, relative risk

RRR

Relative risk reduction

RSV

Respiratory syncytial virus

RSVP

Right ventricular systolic pressure

RTA

Renal tubular acidosis

RT-PCR

Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction

RUL

Right upper lobe

RUQ

Right upper quadrant

RUSB

Right upper sternal border

SAH

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

SBP

Systolic blood pressure, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

SCLC

Small cell lung cancer

SCT

Stem cell transplant

Sens

Sensitivity

SIADH

Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone

SIRS

Systemic inflammatory response syndrome

SK

Streptokinase

SLE

Systemic lupus erythematosus

SLL

Chronic lymphocytic lymphoma

Spc

Specificity

SPN

Solitary pulmonary nodule

SR

Slow release

SSRI

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

SSS

Sick sinus syndrome

SSSS

Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome

STE

ST elevation

SVC

Superior vena cava

SVR

Systemic vascular resistance

SVT

Supraventricular tachycardia

TB

Tuberculosis

TBI

Total body irradiation

TCA

Tricyclic antidepressants

TD

Transdermal

TEE

Transesophageal echocardiogram

TGL

Triglyceride

TIA

Transient ischemic attack

TIBC

Total iron-binding capacity

TID

Three times per day

TIMI

Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction

TIPS

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt

TLC

Total lung capacity

TNF

Tumor necrosis factor

TP-EIA

Treponema pallidum enzyme immunoassay

TPN

Total parenteral nutrition

TPO

Thyroid peroxidase

TPPA

Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay

TRH

Thyrotropin releasing hormone

TSH

Thyroid stimulating hormone

TST

Tuberculin skin test

TTE

Transthoracic echocardiogram

TTP

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

TUR

Transurethral resection

TURP

Transurethral resection of prostate

U/A

Urinalysis

UGI

Upper gastrointestinal

UIP

Usual interstitial pneumonia

UMN

Upper motor neuron

UNC

Urine net charge

US

Ultrasound

UTI

Urinary tract infection

UV

Ultraviolet

V/Q

Ventilation/perfusion

VAP

Ventilator-associated pneumonia

VC

Vital capacity

VDRL

Venereal Disease Research Laboratory

VF

Ventricular fibrillation

VHL

Von Hippel–Lindau syndrome

VLDL

Very low density lipoprotein

VRE

Vancomycin-resistant enterococci

VSD

Ventricular septal defect

VT

Ventricular tachycardia

vWD

Von Willebrand disease

VZV

Varicella zoster virus

WBC

White blood cell

WPW

Wolff–Parkinson–White

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

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