Social Determinants of Mortality in the Oldest-Old: Social Class and Individual Way-of-Life

  • Marja Jylhä
  • Tiina Luukkaala
Part of the International Studies in Population book series (ISIP, volume 4)

This paper discusses the role of social factors as determinants of longevity, with special focus on the oldest-old population. In ageing research, genetic and environmental—including social environment—factors are often presented as two separate, mutually independent sets of determinants. There is, however, constant interplay between genes and environment, between biological and social factors; and basically it is often impossible to distinguish between their specific impacts as determinants of longevity. Besides their “own” impact, environments, then, can be understood as contexts, or settings, for genetic influences. As far as humans are concerned, social and cultural characteristics of environments are of fundamental importance.


Social Class Social Determinant Social Participation Allostatic Load Occupational Class 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marja Jylhä
    • 1
  • Tiina Luukkaala
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Public HealthUniversity of TampereFinland
  2. 2.Tampere University Hospital Research UnitFinland

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