The Bologna Process

An Estonian Perspective
  • Karmo Kroos
Part of the Higher Education Dynamics book series (HEDY, volume 12)

The aim of this chapter is to analyse what the Bologna Process means to Estonia. Therefore, an effort will be made to understand what the medium and long-term outcomes of the Bologna Process might be for Estonian politics (national identity), economy (labour market), social structure (stratification system) and culture (in the broadest sense of the word).

It could be argued that I am confusing the Bologna Declaration with European Union policies. More particularly, that the signatories of the declaration did not intend to intervene in national cultural fields and spaces, create a common European identity or contribute to the flexible European labour market. However, communications from the Commission, as well as individual statements made by its current and former employees are clear, they have insisted that the policies of European Union be taken into account. Therefore, one should not underestimate the importance and implications of these statements to the Bologna Process.


High Education Foreign Language National Identity High Education System High Learning 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karmo Kroos
    • 1
  1. 1.Estonian Business School

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