• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Tunisia’s earliest inhabitants included the semi-nomadic Berbers, whose descendants still live in North Africa’s Atlas Mountains. Phoenician merchants established trading settlements throughout the central and western Mediterranean from the 10th century BC and founded the port of Carthage in 814 BC. By the 5th century Carthage had become the most powerful city in the western Mediterranean with an empire extending from present-day Morocco to Egypt and controlling Sardinia, the Balearic Islands, Malta and much of Sicily. A rival to the Roman Empire, the city was eventually destroyed in the Third Punic War. From 146 BC Tunisia was absorbed into the Roman Empire and its people sold into slavery.


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Further Reading

  1. Hassan, Fareed M. A., Tunisia: Understanding Successful Socioeconomic Development. The World Bank, Washington, D. C, 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Murphy, Emma C., Economic and Political Change in Tunisia: From Bourguiba to Ben Ali. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2003Google Scholar
  3. Pazzanita, A. G., The Maghreb. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1998Google Scholar
  4. National Statistical Office: Institut National de la Statistique, 70 Rue Ech- cham, BP 265 CEDEX, Tunis.Google Scholar
  5. Website (French only): http://www.ins.nat.tnGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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