• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


A revolution, inspired by the USA, led to the separation of Panama from the United States of Colombia and the declaration of its independence on 3 Nov. 1903. This was followed by an agreement making it possible for the USA to build and operate a canal connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans through the Isthmus of Panama. The treaty granted the USA in perpetuity the use, occupation and control of a Canal Zone, in which the USA would possess full sovereign rights. In return the USA guaranteed the independence of the republic. The Canal was opened on 15 Aug. 1914.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Statistical Information: The Controller-General of the Republic (Contraloria General de la República, Calle 35 y Avenida 6, Panama City) publishes an annual report and other statistical publications.Google Scholar
  2. Lindsay-Poland, John, Emperors in the Jungle. Duke Univ. Press, 2003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. McCullough, D. G., The Path Between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal, 1870–1914. Simon & Schuster, New York, 1999Google Scholar
  4. Sahota, G. S., Poverty Theory and Policy: a Study of Panama. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1990Google Scholar
  5. Other titles are listed under Panama Canal, above.Google Scholar
  6. National library: Biblioteca Nacional, Departamento de Información, Av. Balboa y Federico Boyd, Ciudad de Panama.Google Scholar
  7. Website (Spanish only):

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations