The Korean peninsula was first settled by tribal peoples from Manchuria and Siberia who provided the basis for the modern Korean language. By 3000 BC agriculture-based communities had emerged. The earliest known colony in the region was established at Pyongyang in the 12th century BC. Among the most prominent agricultural communities was Old Choson, which by 194 BC had evolved into a league of tribes ruled by Wiman or ‘Wei Man’, a leader widely held to have defected from China, although he may have been a native of the Choson region. His realm was taken over by the Han empire of China in 108 BC and replaced by four Chinese colonies.
KeywordsKorean Peninsula Nuclear Weapon Special City Environmental Sustainability Index Supreme People
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Becker, Jasper, Rogue Regime: Kim Jong Il and the Looming Threat of North Korea. OUP, 2005Google Scholar
- Cha, Victor D. and Kang, David C., Nuclear North Korea: A Debate on Engagement Strategies. Columbia Univ. Press, 2003Google Scholar
- Cumings, Bruce, North Korea: Another Country. New Press, New York, 2004Google Scholar
- Harrison, S., Korean Endgame: A Strategy for Reunification and US Disengagement. Princeton Univ. Press, 2002Google Scholar
- Hunter, H., Kim Il-Song’s North Korea. Praeger Publishers, Westport (CT), 1999Google Scholar
- Oh, K. and Hassig, R. C., North Korea Through the Looking Glass. Brookings Institution Press, Washington (D. C.), 2000Google Scholar
- O’Hanlon, Michael E. and Mochizuki, Mike, Crisis on the Korean Peninsula: How to Deal with a Nuclear North Korea. McGraw-Hill, New York, 2003Google Scholar
- Smith, H., et al. (eds.) North Korea in the New World Order. London, 1996Google Scholar
- National Statistical Office: Central Statistics Bureau, Pyongyang.Google Scholar