East Timor

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Portugal abandoned its former colony, with its largely Roman Catholic population, in 1975, when it was occupied by Indonesia and claimed as the province of Timor Timur. The UN did not recognize Indonesian sovereignty over the territory. An independence movement, the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (FRETILIN), maintained a guerrilla resistance to the Indonesian government which resulted in large-scale casualties and alleged atrocities. On 24 July 1998 Indonesia announced a withdrawal of troops from East Timor and an amnesty for some political prisoners, although no indication was given of how many of the estimated 12,000 troops and police would pull out. On 5 Aug. 1998 Indonesia and Portugal reached agreement on the outlines of an autonomy plan which would give the Timorese the right to self-government except in foreign affairs and defence.

República Democrática de Timor-Leste / (Democratic Republic of East Timor)


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Further Reading

  1. Carey, P. and Bentley, G. C. (eds.) East Timor at the Crossroads: the Forging of a Nation. London, 1995Google Scholar
  2. Dunn, James, East Timor: A Rough Passage to Independence. Longueville Books, Woollahra, New South Wales, 2003Google Scholar
  3. Hainsworth, Paul and McCloskey, Stephen, (eds.) The East Timor Question: The Struggle for Independence from Indonesia. I. B. Tauris, London, 2000Google Scholar
  4. Kohen, Arnold S., From the Place of the Dead: Bishop Belo and the Struggle for East Timor. Lion, Oxford, 2000Google Scholar
  5. Kingsbury, Damien and Leach, Michael, (eds.) East Timor: Beyond Independence. Monash Univ. Press, 2007Google Scholar
  6. Nevins, Joseph, A Not-So-Distant Horror: Mass Violence in East Timor. Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca (NY), 2005Google Scholar
  7. Tanter, Richard, Ball, Desmond and Van Klinken, Gerry, (eds.) Masters of Terror: Indonesia’s Military and Violence in East Timor. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, Maryland, 2006Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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