• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


There is evidence of human habitation in Brazil dating back to 9000 BC. Before the Portuguese discovery and occupation of Brazil there was a large indigenous population. This population was fragmented into a number of smaller tribes, the largest of which was the Tupi-Guarani, who survived the sub-tropical environment by clearing just enough land for their crops.


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Further Reading

  1. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Anuário Estatístico do Brasil.—Censo Demográfico de 1991.—Indicadores IBGE. MonthlyGoogle Scholar
  2. Boletim do Banco Central do Brasil. Banco Central do Brasil. Brasília. MonthlyGoogle Scholar
  3. Baer, W., The Brazilian Economy: Growth and Development. 5th ed. New York, 2001Google Scholar
  4. Eakin, Marshall C, Brazil: The Once and Future Country. New York, 1997Google Scholar
  5. Falk, P. S. and Fleischer, D. V., Brazil’s Economic and Political Future. Boulder (CO), 1988Google Scholar
  6. Fausto, Boris, A Concise History of Brazil. CUP, 1999Google Scholar
  7. Font, M. A., Coffee, Contention and Change in the Making of Modern Brazil. Oxford, 1990Google Scholar
  8. Guirmaraes, R. P., Politics and Environment in Brazil: Ecopolitics of Development in the Third World. New York, 1991Google Scholar
  9. Klein, Herbert, Brazil Since 1980. CUP, 2006Google Scholar
  10. Levine, Robert M., History of Brazil. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2003Google Scholar
  11. Montero, Alfred, Brazilian Politics: Reforming a Democratic State in a Changing World. Polity Press, Cambridge, 2006Google Scholar
  12. Stepan, A. (ed.) Democratizing Brazil: Problems of Transition and Consolidation. OUP, 1993Google Scholar
  13. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Latin America Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
  14. For other more specialized titles see under CONSTITUTION AND GOVERNMENT above.Google Scholar
  15. National library: Biblioteca Nacional, Avenida Rio Branco 219, 22040–008 Rio de Janeiro, RJ.Google Scholar
  16. National Statistical Office: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), Avenida Franklin Roosevelt 166, 20021–120 Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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