• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Excavations near Kandahar in southern Afghanistan have revealed Neolithic settlements dating to 5000 BC. Subsequent settlements bear witness to trade links with cities in the Indus Valley and Mesopotamia. Aryan tribes settled in modern Afghanistan’s northern plains near Balkh (Bactria) from around 1500 BC, controlling the region until it came under successive Persian dynasties, including the Acaemanid Empire (550 BC-330 BC) ruled by Darius the Great from Persepolis after 515 BC.


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Further Reading

  1. Amin, S. H., Law, Reform and Revolution in Afghanistan. London, 1991Google Scholar
  2. Arney, G., Afghanistan. London, 1990Google Scholar
  3. Edwards, David B., Before Taliban: Genealogies of the Afghan Jihad. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, 2002Google Scholar
  4. Ewans, Martin, Afghanistan, A New History. Curzon Press, Richmond, 2001Google Scholar
  5. Goodson, Larry, Afghanistan’s Endless War: State Failure, Regional Politics and the Rise of the Taliban. University of Washington Press, 2001Google Scholar
  6. Griffiths, John, Afghanistan: A History of Conflict. Andre Deutsch, London, 2001Google Scholar
  7. Hyman, A., Afghanistan under Soviet Domination, 1964–1991. 3rd ed. London, 1992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Magnus, Ralph H. and Naby, Eden, Afghanistan: Mullah, Marx and Mujahid. Revised ed. Westview Press, Boulder, 2002Google Scholar
  9. Maley, William, The Afghanistan Wars. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2002Google Scholar
  10. Margolis, Eric, War at the Top of the World: The Struggle for Afghanistan, Kashmir and Tibet. Routledge, New York, 2001Google Scholar
  11. Montgomery, John Dickey D. and Rondinelli, Dennis A., (eds.) Beyond Reconstruction in Afghanistan: Lessons from Development Experience. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2004Google Scholar
  12. Nojumi, Neamatollah, The Rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2001Google Scholar
  13. Roy, O., Islam and Resistance in Afghanistan. 2nd ed. CUP, 1990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rubin, B. R., The Fragmentation of Afghanistan: State Formation and Collapse in the International System. Yale Univ. Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  15. Rubin, B. R., —The Search for Peace in Afghanistan: from Buffer State to Failed State. Yale Univ. Press, 1996Google Scholar
  16. Smith, Mary, Before the Taliban: Living with War, Hoping for Peace. Iynx Publishing, Aberdour, 2002Google Scholar
  17. Vogelsang, Willem, The Afghans. Blackwell, Oxford, 2002Google Scholar
  18. National Statistical Office: Central Statistics Office, Ansar-i-Watt, Kabul.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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