• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Ancient Syria, an area including modern Israel, Lebanon and Jordan, witnessed some of the world’s earliest civilizations, such as Semitic Ebla, which flourished in the 25th century BC near Aleppo. Subsequently, Mesopotamian empires included the Akkadians and Ur. The Amorite cities were overrun by the Hittites in the mid-2nd millennium BC before the establishment of the Hurrian kingdom of Mitanni, destroyed by Hittite and Egyptian conflict over the Fertile Crescent. Aramaean kingdoms were harried by warfare with Assyria, which extended its empire from the northeast in the 9th century BC. Immigration of Cimmerians and Scythians in the 7th century broke Assyrian hegemony, which was followed by Babylonian rule.


Private Bank Security Council Resolution Muslim Brotherhood Roman Province Roman Catholic Church 
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Further Reading

  1. Choueiri, Y., State and Society in Syria and Lebanon. Exeter Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  2. George, Alan, Syria: Neither Bread nor Freedom. Zed Books, London, 2003Google Scholar
  3. Goodarzi, Jubin, Syria and Iran: Diplomatic Alliance and Power Politics in the Middle East. I. B. Tauris, London, 2006Google Scholar
  4. Hitti, Philip K., History of Syria Including Lebanon and Palestine. Gorgias Press, Piscataway, New Jersey, 2002Google Scholar
  5. Kienle, Eberhard, Contemporary Syria: Liberalization Between Cold War and Peace. I. B. Tauris, London, 1997Google Scholar
  6. Moubayed, Sami, Steel and Silk: Men and Women Who Shaped Syria 1900–2000. Cune Press, Seattle, Washington State, 2005Google Scholar
  7. National Statistical Office: Central Bureau of Statistics, Nizar Kabbani St., Abu Romanneh, Damascus.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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