• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


After Burma’s invasion of the kingdom of Assam, the British East India Company retaliated in defence of its Indian interests and in 1826 drove the Burmese out of India. Territory was annexed in south Burma but the kingdom of Upper Burma, ruled from Mandalay, remained independent. A second war with Britain in 1852 ended with the British annexation of the Irrawaddy Delta. In 1885 the British invaded and occupied Upper Burma. In 1886 all Burma became a province of the Indian empire. There were violent uprisings in the 1930s and in 1937 Burma was separated from India and permitted some degree of self-government. Independence was achieved in 1948. In 1958 there was an army coup, and another in 1962 led by Gen. Ne Win, who installed a Revolutionary Council and dissolved parliament.


Political Prisoner Military Junta House Arrest Navigable Water British East India Company 
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Further Reading

  1. Aung San Suu Kyi, Freedom from Fear and Other Writings. London, 1991Google Scholar
  2. Carey, P. (ed.) Burma: The Challenge of Change in a Divided Society. London, 1997Google Scholar
  3. Hiaing, Kyaw Yin, Myanmar: Beyond Politics to Social Imperatives. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore, 2005Google Scholar
  4. Metraux, Daniel A., Burma’s Modern Tragedy. Edwin Mellen Press, New York, 2005Google Scholar
  5. Myint, S., Burma File: A Question of Democracy. Times Academic Press, Singapore, 2004Google Scholar
  6. Seekins, Donald M., Historical Dictionary of Burma. Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Maryland, 2006Google Scholar
  7. Skidmore, Monique, Burma at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century. Univ. of Hawaii Press, 2005Google Scholar
  8. Smith, Martin, Burma: Insurgency and the Politics of Ethnicity. Zed Books, London, 1999Google Scholar
  9. Steinberg, David I., Burma: The State of Myanmar. Georgetown Univ. Press, 2002Google Scholar
  10. Thant Myint-U, The Making of Modern Burma. CUP, 2001Google Scholar
  11. Tucker, Shelby, Burma: The Curse of Independence. Pluto Press, London, 2001Google Scholar
  12. National Statistical Office: Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development, Yangon.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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