• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In Dec. 1991 Moldova became a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, a decision ratified by parliament in April 1994. Fighting took place in 1992 between government forces and separatists in the (largely Russian and Ukrainian) area east of the River Nistru (Transnistria). An agreement signed by the presidents of Moldova and Russia on 21 July 1992 brought to an end the armed conflict and established a ‘security zone’ controlled by peacekeeping forces from Russia, Moldova and Transnistria. On 21 Oct. 1994 a Moldo-Russian agreement obliged Russian troops to withdraw from the territory of Moldova over three years but the agreement was not ratified by the Russian Duma. On 8 May 1997 an agreement between Transnistria and the Moldovan government to end the separatist conflict stipulated that Transnistria would remain part of Moldova as it was territorially constituted in Jan. 1990. In 1997 some 7,000 Russian troops were stationed in Transnistria. In the autumn of 1999 Ion Sturza’s centre-right coalition collapsed, along with privatization plans for the wine and tobacco industries. Communist President Vladimir Voronin, who was elected in 2001, has proposed giving the Russian language official status and joining the Russia–Belarus union.


Parliamentary Election Deputy Prime Minister Supreme Council Security Zone Russian Troop 
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Further Reading

  1. Gribincea, M., Agricultural Collectivization in Moldavia. East European Monographs, Columbia Univ. Press, 1996Google Scholar
  2. King, C., Post-Soviet Moldova: A Borderland in Transition. International Specialized Book Service, Portland, Oregon, 1997.—The Moldovans: Romania, Russia, and the Politics of Culture. Hoover Institution Press, Stanford, 2000Google Scholar
  3. Kolsto, Pal, National Integration and Violent Conflict in Post-Soviet Societies: The Cases of Estonia and Moldova. Rowman & Littlefeld, Lanham, Maryland, 2002Google Scholar
  4. Mitrasca, M., Moldova: A Romanian Province Under Russian Rule: Diplomatic History from the Archives of the Great Powers. Algora Publishing, New York, 2002Google Scholar
  5. National Statistical Office: National Bureau of Statistics of Moldova, MD-2019, Chişinău mun., 106 Grenoble St.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2007

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  • Barry Turner

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