• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


There is evidence of human habitation from around 8000 BC. Remnants of a ‘comb’ pottery culture show the arrival around 5000 BC of the ancestors of the Eestii, one of the first known peoples to inhabit the Baltic’s eastern shores and the forerunners of modern Estonians. Before the arrival of Christianity the cult of Tharapita (or Taara), a god of war, was popular in northern Estonia and the island of Saaremaa.


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Further Reading

  1. Statistical Office of Estonia. Statistical Yearbook.Google Scholar
  2. Ministry of the Economy. Estonian Economy. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  3. Hood, N., et al., (eds.) Transition in the Baltic States. London, 1997Google Scholar
  4. Kolsto, Pal, National Integration and Violent Conflict in Post-Soviet Societies: The Cases of Estonia and Moldova. Rowman & Littlefleld, Lanham, Maryland, 2002Google Scholar
  5. Lieven, A., The Baltic Revolution: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence. 2nd ed. Yale Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  6. Misiunas, R.-J. and Taagepera, R., The Baltic States: Years of Dependence 1940–1991. 2nd ed., Farnborough, 1993Google Scholar
  7. O’Connor, Kevin, The History of the Baltic States. Greenwood Publishing Group, Westport, Connecticut, 2003Google Scholar
  8. Smith, David J., Purs, Aldis, Pabriks, Artis and Lane, Thomas, (eds.) The Baltic States: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Routledge, London, 2002Google Scholar
  9. Smith, I. A. and Grunts, M. V., The Baltic States. [Bibliography] ABC- Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar
  10. Taagepera, R., Estonia: Return to Independence. Boulder (CO), 1993Google Scholar
  11. National Statistical Office: Statistical Office of Estonia, Endla 15, 15174 Tallinn.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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